5 lub tsev nto moo tshaj plaws hauv tebchaws Meskas

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Los ntawm sab hnub tuaj mus rau sab hnub poob, Tebchaws Asmeskas yog lub tebchaws loj heev uas muaj qee lub nroog tseem ceeb hauv ntiaj teb. Ib ntawm lawv yog Washington, ntu nruab nrab ntawm lub tebchaws kev nom kev tswv thiab nyiaj txiag. Ntawm cov peev txheej peb tuaj yeem mus ntsib ntau lub tsev nto moo thiab muaj ntau yam keeb kwm hauv keeb kwm ntawm lub tebchaws uas tau tshwm sim hauv ntau zaj duab xis. Koj puas xav paub nws yog dab tsi? Kav tsij nyeem ntxiv!

Tsev dawb

Qhov chaw nyob thiab chaw ua haujlwm ntawm Thawj Tswj Hwm ntawm Tebchaws Asmeskas, Dawb Tsev, yog ib lub tsev nto moo tshaj plaws nyob hauv lub tebchaws thiab yog lub cim.

Nws tau tsim tom qab ib qho Kev Cai Tswj Hwm ntawm xyoo 1790 hauv kev xaiv neoclassical ntawm kev pib ua haujlwm ntawm George Washington, tsim kom muaj qhov xav tau los txhim kho ib tus thawj tswj hwm thaj chaw ze ntawm Potomac River. Cov haujlwm ua haujlwm tau ua tus tsim tsa rau tus kws kes duab vajtse James Hoban uas tau raug tshoov siab los ntawm Château de Rastignac hauv Fabkis rau nws tus qauv thiab siv sijhawm tsawg dua kaum xyoo kom tiav. Txawm li cas los xij, Thawj Tswj Hwm Washington yeej tsis tau los nyob hauv lub tsev tshiab no tab sis nws yog tus sawv cev tshiab los ntawm John Adams.

Lub tsev qub tsis ntev npaum li cov tub rog Askiv tau rhuav tshem nws xyoo 1814 nyob rau hauv kev ua pauj rau qhov kev kub hnyiab ntawm Parliament nyob rau tebchaws Canada, yog li cov neeg Asmeskas yuav tsum tau rov tsim kho dua uas tom qab ntawd hu ua "House of President." Txij thaum ntawd los, ntau yam txuas ntxiv thiab txhim kho tau ua rau cov qauv. Lub Chaw Haujlwm Oval nto moo thiab West Wing tau tsim tsa xyoo 1902 thaum Roosvelt pawg thawj coj. thaum East tis ntxiv thaum Truman's tenure. Yog li lub tsev uas peb paub niaj hnub no tau ua tiav.

Nyob ntawm 1.600 Pennsylvania Avenue hauv Washington, Lub Tsev Dawb yog lub npe hu rau nws lub ntsej muag sab nrauv, ib qho uas muaj xim nyob hauv nruab nrab. Nyob sab nraud, nws qhov loj me me thiab tsuas yog qee qhov paub nws qhov tseeb: ntau dua 130 chav, 35 chav dej, yuav luag 30 qhov cub taws, 60 ntaiv thiab 7 nce siab tshaj 6 plag tsev thiab 5.100 square meters.

Koj puas tuaj yeem mus saib?

Nyob ib sab ntawm Tsev Dawb yog Lub Chaw Qiv Txheeb Dawb Tsev, kws yog qheb rua pej xeem. Kev mus saib tom Lub Tsev Dawb ncaj qha los ntawm kev ncig sab hauv tsuas yog ua rau cov neeg pej xeem Meskas. Lawv yog dawb xwb tab sis koj yuav tsum tau teem caij lub hlis ua ntej los ntawm sau ntawv rau tus sawv cev ntawm Congress. Rau cov neeg txawv tebchaws nyob rau lub sijhawm no nws tseem tsis tau yog li koj yuav tsum txiav txim siab txog qhov pom lub Tsev Dawb los ntawm sab nraud.

Washington Cathedral

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Ib qho ntawm cov tuam tsev zoo nkauj tshaj plaws nyob rau sab hnub tuaj Tebchaws Asmeskas yog Washington National Cathedral. Nws yog qhov thib ob loj tshaj plaws nyob hauv lub tebchaws tom qab Basilica ntawm National Shrine of Immaculate Conception hauv Cheeb Tsam ntawm Columbia (ze rau Washington) thiab yog lub thib rau loj tshaj plaws lub tsev teev ntuj hauv ntiaj teb.

Neo-Gothic nyob rau hauv kev coj ua, Washington National Cathedral yog qhov nco txog ntau yam keeb kwm nyob sab Europe thiab tau mob siab rau cov Thwj Tim Saint Peter thiab Saint Paul. Nws tau tsim thaum xyoo pua XNUMX thiab yog tus tswv tsev Episcopal hauv tebchaws Asmeskas ntawm Amelikas.

Yog thaum caij so mus rau Washington koj xav mus saib lub tuam tsev no, Koj yuav pom nws ntawm kev sib tshuam ntawm Wisconsin thiab Massachusetts Avenue, sab qaum teb sab hnub poob ntawm lub nroog. Nws tau sau ua ib lub monument nyob rau hauv National Register ntawm Keeb Kwm Chaw thiab raws li xav paub, yog tias koj saib ntawm lub pej thuam sab qaum teb muaj cov paj ntoo uas muaj lub kaus mom hlau ntawm Darth Vader los ntawm Star Wars. Tsis txawv, puas yog?

Cov neeg phem kab lis kev cai no tau dhau los ua ib feem ntawm lub tsev teev ntuj vim tias National Geographic World magazine tau teeb tsa cov menyuam yaus sib tw uas cov neeg tuaj sib tw Christopher Rader tau thib peb nrog cov duab kos no. Tom qab kev sib tw, daim duab tau puab nrog rau lwm cov yeej sib tw (ib tug ntxhais uas khuam khuav, ib tus hneev thiab ib tug txiv neej nrog lub kaus) ua rau dai saum toj kawg nkaus ntawm sab qaum teb sab hnub poob ntawm Washington Cathedral.

jefferson memorial

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Thomas Jefferson yog ib tug cwm pwm uas muaj qhov tseem ceeb hauv keeb kwm ntawm Tebchaws Asmeskas. Nws yog tus thawj coj tseem ceeb ntawm nws Cov Lus tshaj tawm ntawm Kev ywj pheej, thawj tus Thawj Fwm Tsav Tebchaws ntawm lub teb chaws hauv tsoomfwv George Washington, yog ib tus tsim cov tebchaws ntawm lub tebchaws thiab nws tus thawj coj thib peb tom qab ua tiav John Adams. Thaum kawg, hauv Tebchaws Asmeskas muaj ntau yam los nco txog Thomas Jefferson thiab nws lub cim xeeb tau mob siab rau nws txoj kev nco qab.

Qhov chaw nco muaj nyob rau hauv qhov chaw qhib cua West Potomac Park, nyob ntawm ntug dej ntawm Potomac River. Nws tau raug txiav txim siab los ntawm Thawj Tswj Hwm Franklin D. Roosvelt raug tsa thaum xyoo 1934 raws li nws tau txais kev qhuas rau cov neeg ua kas moos. Rau nws tus tsim qauv vajtse tau raug tshoov siab los ntawm Monticello, lub tsev ntawm Thomas Jefferson, uas nyob rau hauv lem tau txais kev tshoov siab los ntawm Pantheon hauv Rome.

Yog tias nyob rau sab nraud Jefferson Memorial yog qhov zoo nkauj, nyob rau sab hauv nws xav tsis thoob vim nws tau dai kom zoo nkauj nrog cov ntawv sau npe uas muaj npe los ntawm tus thawj tswj hwm no thiab txawm muaj cov thooj ntawm Asmeskas Cov Lus Tshaj Tawm.

Tebchaws Meskas Capitol

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Nws yog ib lub tsev zoo nkauj tshaj plaws nyob hauv Washington uas nyob hauv Capitol Hill cov zej zog thiab yog ib lub cim uas cim rau Asmeskas kev tswj hwm. Txoj cai tseem ceeb hauv tsoomfwv Meskas tswjfwm muaj nyob rau hauv no: Tus Sawvcev Hauv Lub Tsev thiab Thaj Av.

Lub Tebchaws Asmeskas Capitol tau tsim los ntawm William Thornton thiab thawj theem tau ua tiav thaum xyoo XNUMXs. Tom qab, lwm cov kws ua haujlwm tau hloov kho uas tau muab qhov nyuaj uas cov xeeb ceem neoclassical.

Thawj theem tau ua tiav nyob rau xyoo 1800 thiab yog ib qho ntawm cov neeg ncig tebchaws tseem ceeb hauv nroog. Kws tsim qauv Thomas U. Walter thiab Lub Yim Hli Schoenborn tsim lub dome tam sim no nyob rau hauv qhov chaw ntawm cov qauv topped los ntawm poj niam tus pej thuam, tus qauv uas tuaj yeem pom ntawm qhov deb li Maryland thiab Pennsylvania hom kev xaus nyob ntawd.

Cov neeg uas xaiv qhov chaw rau kev tsim kho Tebchaws Meskas Capitol ntaus tus ntsia hlau rau saum taub hau vim hais tias nyob rau ntawm ib lub toj nws zoo li muaj ntau dua, uas yog qhov piv txwv zoo meej ntawm lub cim ntawm lub zog..

Lincoln memorial

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Ib lub tuam tsev nto moo tshaj plaws hauv tebchaws Meskas yog Lincoln Memorial, lub tuam tsev zoo nkauj uas muaj nplooj siab rau yawg Abraham Lincoln, tus thawjcoj thib rau ntawm lub tebchaws.s nyob hauv ib lub tiaj ua si nyob rau hauv qhov chaw ntawm lub hauv paus hu ua National Mall. Ntawm no yog lwm yam tseem ceeb xws li Obelisk ntawm Washington, tus pej thuam ntawm General Grant thiab Lincoln monument, peb daim duab muaj feem cuam tshuam hauv keeb kwm Asmeskas.

Lub tsev thaum nyuam qhuav pib xyoo 1922, Lincoln Memorial yog ib lub tsev uas tsim los ntawm lub tuam tsev Greek uas lub National Congress xav tsa los txhim kho khoom plig rau cov neeg muaj koob npe. Tus ntaiv loj coj mus rau chav tsev uas peb pom tau tus yawg loj yawg Abraham Lincoln (los ntawm Daniel Chester Fabkis), muaj murals ntau yam tha xim sab hauv thiab ob tsab ntawv sau nrog cov lus sau los ntawm qee tus thawj coj cov lus.

Xyoo 1963 Lincoln Memorial yog qhov tshwm sim ntawm lub npe nrov "Kuv Muaj Npau Suav" hais los ntawm cov xibhwb thiab pej xeem cov cai lij choj Martin Luther King. Ntawm Lub Khw National koj kuj tseem tuaj yeem pom tus pej thuam uas tau cog lus rau nws daim duab ob peb mev los ntawm txoj kev nco.

Koj puas tuaj yeem mus saib?

Nkag mus kawm Lincoln Memorial yog pub dawb thiab qhib thaum 8 AM txog 12 AM.


Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

Yog thawj tus tuaj tawm tswv yim

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