Kupanga kwa sayansi ndi ukadaulo waku Australia

Palibe zopangira sayansi ndi ukadaulo zambiri zaku Australia monga zomwe zidapezeka m'maiko ena apadziko lapansi. Chifukwa chake ndi chophweka: Australia ndi dziko wachichepere ndipo, mophweka, sinakhale nayo nthawi yoti igogomeze kwambiri pamindayi.

Komabe, mtundu wakunyanja watipatsa kale gawo labwino pazopeza. Ndipo koposa zonse, kufunikira kwakukulu kwa sayansi komanso yotchuka kwambiri potengera luso. Ngati mukufuna kudziwa zambiri zakapangidwe kazasayansi komanso ukadaulo waku Australia, tikukupemphani kuti mupitilize kuwerenga.

Zolemba zazikulu kwambiri zasayansi ndi ukadaulo waku Australia

Monga tidakuwuzirani, pali zambiri zomwe apeza ku Australia. Pachifukwa ichi, ndikupangitsa kuti kuwonetseratu kwathu kumveke bwino, tikambirana kaye zina mwazofunikira kwambiri pa sayansi kenako zina zomwe ndizofunikira kwambiri paukadaulo.

Zotsatira Zasayansi ku Australia

Ponena za izi, zopangidwa ku Australia zathandizira Thanzi la munthu (monga tionere nthawi yomweyo, zimakhudzanso ndi penicillin) ndi at zachilengedwe. Zina mwazomwe zapezazi ndi zomwe tikufotokozereni.

Kugwiritsa ntchito penicillin

Aliyense amadziwa kuti penicillin anali wodziwika ku Britain Alexander Fleming mu 1928. Komabe, chosadziwika bwino ndikuti anali aku Australia A Howard W. Florey ndi german Ernst B. unyolo amene adapanga njira yopangira zinthu zambiri, zomwe pamapeto pake zitha kupulumutsa miyoyo ya anthu mamiliyoni ambiri. M'malo mwake, Fleming atalandira Mphoto ya Nobel mu 1945, adazichita limodzi ndi awiriwa.

Chidwi kwa Ernst B. Chain

Mwala polemekeza a Ernst B. Chain

Wopanga pacemaker

Chida chachipatala ichi chimalola odwala mtima kuti azisunga zawo nthawi zonse. Imatumiza ziwombankhanga zazing'ono zamagetsi kuti ziwathandize kutero. Zinapangidwa ndi sayansi Nyumba ya Edgar ndi dotolo Marc Lidwill, onse aku Australia, koyambirira kwa ma 1920. Komabe, kugwiritsa ntchito kwake sikunakhale kofala kufikira ma XNUMX.

Katemera wa Human Papilloma

Ngakhale akatswiri ena nawonso adalowererapo, katemerayu alinso pakati pazomwe asayansi aku Australia amapanga pamayeso ake. Anali akatswiri awiri ochokera ku University of Queensland, Ian Fraser y Jian Zhou, yemwe adakwanitsa kupanga tinthu tofanana ndi kachilomboka kamene kamalimbitsa chitetezo cha mthupi kuthana nacho.

Kukhazikika kwa cochlear

Chipangizochi chathandiza anthu ambirimbiri osamva kuti azimva bwino. Imayikidwa pamutu ndipo imatha kulimbikitsa mitsempha yamakutu. Zinali Mwala wamwala, pulofesa ku yunivesite ya Melbourne, yemwe adayambitsa. Abambo ake anali ndi vuto lakumva, ndipo poyesa kuwathandiza, adapeza chida chothandiza kwambiri ichi.

Chojambulira cha ultrasound

Chida chachipatala chomwe chikugwiritsidwa ntchito masiku ano kupanga ultrasound Adapangidwa ndi Australia Commonwealth Acoustics Laboratory, yomwe pambuyo pake idadzatchulidwanso ndendende Ultrasound Institute. Opanga ake adapeza njira yojambula mawu omwe akupanga omwe amatulutsa matupi athu ndikuwasandutsa zithunzi. Kugulitsa kwake kunayamba mu 1976.

Kusunga zachilengedwe kudzera m'miyala yamiyala yamchere

Monga mukudziwa, Great Barriers Reef lili kumpoto chakum'mawa kwa Australia. Pali makilomita opitilira zikwi ziwiri ndi mazana asanu amadzi akulu omwe ali pachiwopsezo. Mwina ndichifukwa chake anthu aku Australia amakhala patsogolo kwambiri nthawi zonse Zolemba zam'madzi.

El Australia Institute of Sayansi Yamadzi amapanga ntchito zosiyanasiyana zoteteza chilengedwe. Mwa otchuka kwambiri ndi omwe adadzipereka kwa kulamulira ma coral. Cholinga chake ndikubwezeretsanso miyala yamtundu wachilengedwe. Komanso, izi ndi zamoyo zomwe zimapangitsa kuti kusamala kwachilengedwe za nyanja ndikuziteteza ku zovuta zakusintha kwanyengo.

Chotchinga chachikulu chamakorali

Great Barriers Reef

Zopangira ukadaulo waku Australia

Chida chotchuka kwambiri ku Australia mosakayikira ndi Wifi, yomwe tidzakambilane. Koma palinso ena omwe athandizanso kukonza chitetezo cha mlengalenga kapena pazinthu zina. Tiyeni tiwone.

Wifi

Kulumikizana kopanda zingwe kwa intaneti kwadzetsa mwayi wogwiritsa ntchito izi m'nyumba ndi m'maofesi. Chida chofunikira chotere ndichifukwa cha wasayansi waku Australia John O'Sullivan ndi gulu lake la ogwira nawo ntchito a Sidney. Onse anali a CSIRO, gulu la Commonwealth odzipereka pantchito yopititsa patsogolo kafukufuku wasayansi ndi ukadaulo.

Bokosi lakuda la ndege

Monga mukudziwa, chida ichi chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi ndege padziko lonse lapansi masiku ano chimagwiritsidwa ntchito pofufuza zomwe zimachitika mundege posachedwa ngozi. Zolankhula zonse za woyendetsa ndege komanso momwe ndegeyo imayendera zidalembedwamo, zomwe sizowonongeka. Wopanga ake anali waku Australia David warren, yemwe bambo ake anamwalira pa ngozi ya ndege.

Sikuti ndi gawo lokhalo lomwe dziko lanyanja limapereka pantchito zachitetezo cha ndege. Mu 1965, Jack Grant, wogwira ntchito mundege ya Quantas, adapanga fayilo ya Wopanda mwadzidzidzi. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kutsitsa okwera pambuyo pofika movutikira.

Maps Google

Ngakhale sanatchulidwe choncho panthawiyo, chida chothandiza kwambiri ichi chidapangidwa ndi anthu aku Australia Stephen Ma y Neil Gordon pambali pa a Danes Lars ndi a Jens Rasmussen koyambirira kwa zaka za XNUMX. Pambuyo pake, pomwe Google idagula izi, idalandira dzina lake.

Bokosi lakuda la ndege

Bokosi lakuda la ndege

Kubowola kwamagetsi

Ngati mumakonda DIYers, mudzadziwa momwe chida ichi chimathandizira kuti ntchito yanu ikhale yosavuta. Iyenso ndiyopangidwa ku Australia. Poterepa, ndichifukwa cha injiniya wamagetsi Arthur James, yemwe adapanga yoyamba kale kwambiri mu 1889. Zachidziwikire, ndiye, sinali yotheka kunyamula, koma yokulirapo. Komabe, imatha kuboola ngakhale miyala.

Furiji

Firiji yachikhalidwe yomwe masiku ano ikuwoneka yofunikira mnyumba zathu ili pafupifupi zaka zana limodzi ndi makumi asanu. Ngati kulibe, chakudya chimasungidwa m'malo ozizira kwambiri m'nyumba. Chosangalatsa ndichakuti, anali oyang'anira kampani yopanga moŵa ku Australia amene adalemba ganyu James Harrison kuthana ndi mavuto osunga zakumwa zake mu 1856.

Pomaliza, takuwonetsani ena a Kupanga kwa sayansi ndi ukadaulo waku Australia. Monga mukuwonera, zomwe dziko lanyanja lathandizira kupititsa patsogolo umunthu zakhala zosangalatsa komanso koposa zonse.


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  1.   Ana Mercedes Villalba G. anati

    Ndizabwino kwambiri pazomwe amalankhula kapena kufotokoza

  2.   n anati

    zabwino kufotokoza