Mbalame m'nkhalango ya Amazon

Mbalame zam'mapiri a Amazon

Kwa zaka makumi ambiri akatswiri azakuthambo ndi okonda zachilengedwe ochokera konsekonse mdziko lapansi adapita ku South America kukawona kulemera ndi utoto wa mitundu yambiri ya mbalame m'nkhalango yamvula ya Amazon.

Uku si maphunziro aulele: koyambirira kwa 1970, katswiri wazachipembedzo waku Switzerland-America Rodolphe Meyer waku Schauensee anatsimikizira m'ntchito yake "Kuwongolera mbalame ku South America" ​​(Kuwongolera mbalame ku South America) kuti kunalibe dera padziko lapansi lokhala ndi mitundu yambiri ya mbalame monga ku Amazon.

Ndipo ngakhale zili choncho, kupanga mndandanda wathunthu wa mbalame zonse zomwe zimakhala padziko lapansi pano ndi ntchito yovuta. Akuyerekeza kuti m'chigawo chonse (chomwe chimaphatikizapo zambiri za Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru ndi mayiko ena), chiwerengerocho chikanakhala pafupifupi mitundu 1.300. Mwa awa, pafupifupi theka likhala zochitika.

Pofuna kukwaniritsa izi, ziwerengero za kuchuluka kwa mbalame m'nkhalango yamvula ya Amazon yoyendetsedwa ndi mabungwe osiyanasiyana zatengedwa ngati maziko. Zina mwa mitunduyi zimangopezeka m'malo ena okhala, pomwe zina zimafalitsidwa mozungulira ku Amazon.

Nayi chitsanzo cha mbalame zoyimira kwambiri m'nkhalango ya Amazon:

Okonzanso

Dera la Amazon limakhala ndi mitundu ingapo yama raptors yapadera padziko lapansi. Odziwika kwambiri ndi Chiwombankhanga (Harpia Harpyja), yomwe pakali pano ikuwopsezedwa kuti ikutha. Komabe, imapezekabe ku Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Venezuela, Peru, Suriname, French Guyana, kumwera chakum'mawa kwa Brazil, ndi kumpoto kwa Argentina.

Chiwombankhanga

Chiwombankhanga

Ndi pafupifupi mita ziwiri zamapiko, ndi imodzi mwa ziwombankhanga zazikulu kwambiri padziko lapansi. Nthenga zake zoyera, zoyera ndi zakuda ndizomwe zimadziwika kwambiri.

Mbalame zina zomwe zimadya nyama m'chigawochi ndi chinsinsi hawk (Micrastur mintori) yoweyula chowoneka bwino (Kugunda perspicillata).

Mbalame zam'madzi ndi mbalame zazing'ono

Gulu lalikulu kwambiri la mbalame m'nkhalango yamvula ya Amazon mosakayikira ndi mbalame zazing'ono, zikuimba kapena ayi. Pakati pawo pali mitundu ina yoyimira monga topazi wa hummingbird (topazi mchere), ndi mchira wake wautali ndikuthamangira mwachangu. Mbalame yokongola imeneyi ili ndi nthenga zonyezimira ndipo imagwiritsa ntchito mlomo wake wabwino kuyamwa mungu kuchokera m'maluwa. Amagawidwa kwambiri kudera lonselo.

Topazi mbalame yotchedwa hummingbird

Topazi mbalame yotchedwa hummingbird

Pali mbalame zazing'ono zambiri ku Amazon, buku lalikulu kwambiri. Kuti titchule chimodzi mwazodziwika bwino, tidzatchula mtedza wofiira (Zojambulajambula picummus), womwe ndi mtundu wa woponda matabwa. Kutchulidwa kwapadera kwa mbalame yapakati, koma yachilendo kwambiri komanso yotchuka: the alireza (Ramphastos adasewera), wodziwika bwino ndi milomo yake yayikulu.

Gallinaceae ndi mallards

Pali mbalame zina zambiri m'nkhalango ya Amazon zomwe zingatidabwitse. Mitundu ya banja la gallinaceae ili ndi miyendo yolimba, milomo yayifupi, ndipo nthawi zambiri siyimatha kuuluka kapena imatha kungoyendetsa ndege zazifupi pamalo otsika.

Camungo

Camungo

M'gululi mwayikidwa bwino kamba (Anhima cornuta), mbalame yofanana ndi Turkey imadziwika mosavuta ndi kachilombo kakang'ono kamene kamatuluka pamwamba pa mlomo wake.

M'dera lokhala ndi mitsinje, ngalande ndi zitsime zochuluka monga Amazon, ndizomveka kupeza mbalame zambiri zam'banja la abakha, ndiye kuti, abakha ndi zina zotero. Pulogalamu ya Orinoco tsekwe kapena wigeon bakha Ndi mitundu iwiri yodziwika bwino, osayiwala anga, bakha wakutchire wokhala ndi nthenga zokongola kwambiri.

Ma Parrot ndi ma Macaws

Mtundu uwu wa mbalame mosakayikira ndi woyamba kubwera m'maganizo tikamaganizira za nyama za ku Amazon. Pali mitundu yambiri ya macaws, yamitundu yosiyanasiyana komanso mawonekedwe ake. Pulogalamu ya hyacinth macaw (Anodorhynchus Hyacinthinus), yomwe imadziwikanso kuti blue macaw, mwina ndiyotchuka kwambiri. Ili ndi nthenga zokoma, makamaka za buluu, zokhala ndi nthenga zagolide pachibwano. Tsoka ilo, ndi mtundu wowopsa kwambiri.

macaw

Hyacinth macaw

Mtundu wina wowoneka bwino kwambiri ndi mapiko obiriwira obiriwira (Malo otchedwa chloroptera), yomwe imapezeka m'malo osiyanasiyana m'chigawo cha Amazon. Nyama izi zimasiyanitsidwa ndi kulimba kwa milomo yawo, luntha lawo komanso moyo wawo wautali, chifukwa amatha kukhala zaka 60 kapena kupitilira apo.

Mbalame zotha kudya

Mitundu yambalame ya Carrion, yomwe imadya zotsalira za nyama zina zakufa. Muthanso kupeza mbalame zamtunduwu m'nkhalango yamvula ya Amazon. Pakati pawo, pali imodzi yomwe imadziwika kwambiri kuposa enawo: the mfumu chiwombankhanga (Sarcoramphus apapa). Sinyama yokongola makamaka chifukwa cha mawanga amtundu ndi zotuluka zomwe zimawononga nkhope yake.

khungubwe

Mfumu Vulture

 

Komabe, ziyenera kudziwika kuti, monga wachibale wake wa Andesan the CondorIli ndi mpweya wina wapamwamba womwe umapangitsa kuti ukhale wokongola kwambiri. Malingana ndi dera la Amazon komwe amakhala, mbalameyi imalandira mayina osiyanasiyana, monga nkhalango condor o mfumu zamuro.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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