Masewera a Pythian, mbiri ndi masewera ku Delphi

Delphi Greece

Anayi anali ma greats Masewera Amodzi of Antiquity: Masewera otchuka a Olimpiki, a Nemea ku Argos, a Isthmian ku Korinto ndi Masewera Amatsenga zomwe zidachitika mu Malo Opatulika a Apollo ku Delphi. Tidzathana ndi omaliza patsamba lathu lero.

Tawuni ya Delphi ili m'chigawo chachi Greek cha Phocis, pafupifupi makilomita 150 kumadzulo kwa Atenas. Pafupifupi zaka zikwi zitatu zapitazo, pomwe panali malo okhaokha komanso osakhazikika, malo opatulika adamangidwa pamenepo polemekeza mulungu Apollo yemwe amakhalanso amodzi mwamatsenga odziwika kwambiri ku Greece wakale.

Gulu la azinamwali adayitana mapiri Iwo anali ndi udindo wosamalira malankhulidwe ndi kuwulula kwa alendo mapangidwe a milungu (mawu oti "wambwebwe" amachokera kwa iwo). Pythias adatchulidwa pokumbukira chilombocho Python, chinjoka chachikulu chomwe chimakhala m'malo omwe mulunguyo akadapha.

Kutchuka kwa chiphiphiritso ichi kudafika pachimake kuyambira m'zaka za zana lachisanu ndi chitatu BC Oyenda ochokera kumadera onse a Hellas adakhamukira kumeneko kudzapereka zopereka zawo kwa Apollo ndikumvera mavumbulutso a Mulungu. Chifukwa cha kuchezeraku kwa alendo, akachisi, zipilala ndi zina zambiri zidamangidwa.

Delphi Greece

Mabwinja a Kachisi wa Apollo ku Delphi

Kuphatikiza apo, ku Delphi kunali malo ophiphiritsa omwe amadziwika kuti Omphalos, Pakatikati pa dziko lapansi " zomwe Zeus anali atanena ndi mwala wawukulu waukulu.

Kukondwerera Masewera a Pythian

Mu 590 BC Masewera Achilengedwe adachitika koyamba, omwe angakhale ndi nyengo yazaka eyiti (Mosiyana ndi Olimpiki, omwe amachitika anayi aliwonse). Omwe amayang'anira kuwayang'anira adayitanidwa ansembe amphibiya, ochokera m'mizinda yosiyanasiyana yachigiriki.

Nthano imanena kuti masewerawa adayambitsidwa ndi Apollo yekha atangopha Python. Nthanoyi imafotokoza momwe mulungu adakhalira ndi Delphi atavala nkhata yamaluwa pamutu pake. Pachifukwa ichi, omwe adapambana Masewera a Pythic adalandira mphotho nkhata ya laurel, nyanja yomwe pambuyo pake idatsatiridwa pazikondwerero zina ndi mpikisano wamwambo.

Mgwirizano wopatulika

Monga momwe zidalili ndi Masewera a Olimpiki, m'miyezi isanakwane Masewera Achigololo angapo akulengeza wotchedwa ziphunzitso anapita ku Greece kukalengeza tsiku limene chiyambi chake.

Cholinga cha amithengawa ndikuti kuyitanaku kudzafika kulikonse. Mzindawu womwe udavomera kutenga nawo mbali pamasewerawu uyenera kuthetseratu nkhondo iliyonse ndikupereka mayitanidwe "Chiyero chopatulika." Mizinda yomwe idakana kuchita izi idasiyidwa, zomwe zidali kutayika kwakukulu.

Miyambo

Masiku oyambirira a Masewera a Pythian anali okonzekera miyambo yopatulika polemekeza Apollo. Panali zazikulu nsembe (hecatombs), maulendo y maphwando.

Delphi Greece

Delphi Theatre

Panalinso zisudzo momwe nkhondo yamphamvu ya mulungu yolimbana ndi njoka yoopsa ya Python idakumbukiridwa. Kuti kuchitikira bwanji otchuka Delphi Theatre, m'modzi mwa malo achi Greek kusungidwa bwino.

Nthano za ndakatulo ndi nyimbo

Pambuyo pa miyambo yotsegulira, Masewera a Pythian adayamba ndi mndandanda wa mipikisano ya nyimbo momwe ophunzira adawonetsa zida zawo zosewera monga zither. Ndi tempo, zisudzo, kwaya ndi mpikisano wovina adawonjezedwa. Chakumapeto kwake kunalinso mipikisano yandakatulo.

Masewera ampikisano

Pambuyo masiku operekedwa ku zaluso, mpikisano wamasewera udayamba. Umboni wodziwika kwambiri unali mpikisano wamabwalo (pafupifupi mamita 178), a magawo awiriLa mtundu wautali a mabwalo 24 ndi mpikisano wamanja, momwe othamanga adapikisana nawo zida za hoplitic panoply; mipikisano idachitikanso kulumpha kwakatundu, discus ndi kuponya nthungo, komanso mayeso osiyanasiyana olimbana nawo monga a kumenya. Panali magulu atatu kutengera zaka za omwe akupikisana nawo.

Masiku omaliza a Masewera a Pythian adasungidwa Mpikisano wokwera pamahatchi. Panali magulu awiri: mipikisano yamagaleta ndi mahatchi awiri (matabwa) ndi akavalo anayi (magaleta). Mpikisano uwu udachitikira ku eMpikisano wothamanga mu tawuni yoyandikana nayo ya Cirra, makilomita ochepa kuchokera ku Delphi. Komabe, m'malo opatulika fano lodziwika bwino la Woyendetsa galimoto ku Delphi, lero amasungidwa mu malo osungirako zinthu zakale mumzinda. Chojambula ichi chamkuwa chikuyimiridwa Apolisi a Gela, wolamulira mwankhanza ku Greek Sicily yemwe adadzinena kuti apambana masewerawa kangapo.

Kutha kwa Masewera a Pythian

Kutchuka kwa Masewera a Pythian kudapitilizabe ngakhale Aroma atalanda Greece, ngakhale idayamba pang'onopang'ono nthawi yakuchepa. Mawuwo anapitilizabe kulandira alendo ndipo masewerawo amapitilirabe, koma kutchuka kwake ndi kutchuka kwake pang'ono pang'ono kunatha.

Chuma chomwe chidasungidwa mu akachisi ku Delphi chidalandidwa m'zaka za zana lachitatu AD ndi a Goths ndi Heruli. Pomaliza, masewerawa adasiya kukondwerera mzaka zotsatira.


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