Vuto loyamba la ku Morocco

Vuto Loyamba ku Morocco

Nkhondo yoyamba yapadziko lonse isanachitike, dziko lapansi lidagwedezeka kuti kuthekera kotha kukhala mkangano pakati pa maulamuliro akulu aku Europe panthawiyo. Pakatikati pavutoli panali mumzinda wa Tangier, kumene mbiri yakale yatcha Vuto Loyamba ku Morocco, pakati pa 1905 ndi 1906.

Kuti timvetse zonse zomwe zidachitika pakati pa Marichi 1905 ndi Meyi 1906 kuzungulira mzinda wa Tangier, munthu ayenera kudziwa momwe zikhalidwe zandale zinali panthawiyo. Ku Europe, ndikuwonjezeranso padziko lonse lapansi, panali mikangano yapadziko lonse pakati pa maulamuliro akulu. Amayitcha Mtendere Wankhondo. Malo abwino oberekera nkhondo yayikulu yomwe ingachitike zaka khumi zokha pambuyo pake.

M'zaka zimenezo UK ndi France adapanga mgwirizano wodziwika ndi dzina la Mafuno onse abwino. Ndondomeko zakunja za mayiko awa zidatengera kuyesa kudzipatula Alemania za magawo amitundu yapadziko lonse lapansi, makamaka ku Asia ndi Africa.

M'masewerawa, mu Januwale 1905 France idakwanitsa kukopa anthu pa sultan waku Morocco. Izi zidakhudza makamaka Ajeremani, omwe adawona nkhawa momwe adani awo amayendetsera njira zonse ziwiri zaku Mediterranean. Chifukwa chake Chancellor Von Bülow Adaganiza zolowererapo, ndikulimbikitsa Sultan kuti akane kukakamizidwa ndi aku France ndikumutsimikizira kuti amuthandizira Ulamuliro Wachiwiri.

A Kaiser achezera Tangier

Pali tsiku lokhazikitsa chiyambi cha Crisis First Morocco: Marichi 31, 1905, liti Kaiser Wilhelm II akuyendera Tangier modzidzimutsa. Ajeremani adamangitsa zombo zawo zamphamvu kuchokera padoko, ndikupanga ziwonetsero. Atolankhani aku France adalengeza mwamphamvu kuti izi zinali zoputa.

Kaiser

Kaiser Wilhelm Wachiwiri

Polimbana ndi kufalikira kwa France ndi ogwirizana nawo, Ajeremani adaganiza zokhala ndi msonkhano wapadziko lonse lapansi kuti akapemphe mgwirizano ku Morocco, komanso madera ena aku North Africa. A Britain adakana lingalirolo, koma France, kudzera mwa nduna zakunja Téophile Delcassé, adagwirizana kuti akambirane nkhaniyi. Komabe, zokambiranazo zidasokonekera pomwe Germany idadzionetsera kuti ikufuna ufulu wa Morocco.

Tsiku la msonkhanowu lidakhazikitsidwa pa Meyi 28, 1905, koma palibe aliyense mwa omwe adaitanidwa omwe adayankha. Kuphatikiza apo, aku Britain ndi aku America adaganiza zotumiza magulu awo ankhondo ku Tangier. Mavutowo adakula.

Mtumiki watsopano wakunja waku France, Maurice rouvier, kenako adauza kuthekera kokambirana ndi Ajeremani kuti apewe nkhondo yopitilira. Mayiko onsewa adalimbikitsanso gulu lawo lankhondo kumalire awo, ndipo kuthekera koti kumenyanako kuli kwathunthu.

Msonkhano wa Algeciras

Vuto loyamba la ku Morocco silinathetsedwe chifukwa cha maudindo omwe akuwonjezeka pakati pa Germany ndi iwo omwe pambuyo pake adzakhala adani ake amtsogolo. Makamaka aku Britain, omwe anali ofunitsitsa kugwiritsa ntchito gulu lankhondo kuti aletse zoyeserera za Reich. Achifalansa, omwe amawopa kugonjetsedwa pankhondo yankhondo ndi Ajeremani pamtunda waku Europe, sanachite ndewu.

Pomaliza, ndipo atachita zoyeserera zambiri, Msonkhano wa Algeciras. Mzindawu udasankhidwa chifukwa uli pafupi ndi malo omenyanirana komanso madera osalowerera ndale, ngakhale España panthawiyi anali atayikidwa pang'ono mbali ya Franco-Britain.

Msonkhano wa Algeciras

Kugawidwa kwa madera okopa ku Morocco malinga ndi Msonkhano wa Algeciras wa 1906

Mayiko XNUMX adagwira nawo msonkhanowu: Ufumu wa Germany, Ufumu wa Austro-Hungary, United Kingdom, France, Russia, Kingdom of Spain, United States, Kingdom of Italy, Sultanate of Morocco, Netherlands, Kingdom of Sweden, Portugal, Belgium ndi Ufumu wa Ottoman. Mwachidule, maulamuliro akulu akulu padziko lonse kuphatikiza mayiko ena omwe adachita nawo funso la Moroccan.

Kutha kwa Vuto Loyamba ku Morocco

Pambuyo pazokambirana miyezi itatu, pa Epulo 17 the Chilamulo cha Algeciras. Kudzera mgwirizanowu, France idakwanitsa kupitilizabe kukopa dziko la Morocco, ngakhale idalonjeza kupanga zosintha zingapo mderali. Mfundo zazikuluzikulu za msonkhanowu ndi izi:

  • Kulengedwa ku Morocco kwa French Protectorate ndi kachigawo kakang'ono ka Spanish Protectorate (kagawika m'magawo awiri, m'modzi kumwera kwa dzikolo ndi wina kumpoto), komwe kudayambitsidwa Pangano la Fez ya 1912.
  • Kukhazikitsidwa kwa Tangier ngati mzinda wapadziko lonse lapansi.
  • Germany ikana gawo lililonse ku Morocco.

M'malo mwake, msonkhano wa Algeciras udatha ndikubwerera kuchokera ku Germany, komwe mphamvu yake yankhondo inali yotsika poyerekeza ndi yaku Britain. Ngakhale zili choncho, Vuto Loyamba ku Morocco lidatsekedwa mwabodza ndipo kusakhutira ndi Ajeremani kunadzetsa vuto lina latsopano mu 1911. Nthawi zina zochitikazo sizinali Tangier, koma Agadir, mkhalidwe watsopano wamavuto apadziko lonse lapansi wotchedwa Crisis Second Morocco.


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