Mapiri a Andes ku Venezuela

Umodzi mwa mapiri okongola kwambiri komanso ataliatali padziko lonse lapansi ndi Andes mapiri. Imadutsa mayiko angapo ku South America ndipo imayenda maulendo angapo Makilomita 8500s za kukongola kwenikweni ...

Gawo la mapiriwa limadutsa Venezuela, ndi malo otchedwa Northern Andes: mapiri osangalatsa omwe amadutsanso ku Colombia ndi Ecuador. Koma lero tizingoyang'ana pa Mapiri a Andes aku Venezuela.

Mapiri a Andes

Izi ndi phiri lalitali kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi ndipo atha kugawidwa m'magulu atatu, a Andes akumpotoa Andes Centrales ndi Kumwera kwa Andes.

Ma Andes akumpoto, omwe amatiitana lero, ndi ochepera makilomita 150 m'lifupi ndipo kutalika kwake ndi 2500 mita. Andes pakati ndi okulirapo komanso okwera kwambiri.

Kumpoto kwa Andes, komwe kumatchedwanso kumpoto kwa Andes, Amayambira pakukhumudwa kwa Barquisimet-Carora, ku Venezuela, mpaka kudera lamapiri la Bombón, ku Peru. Mizinda ya Venezuela monga Mérida, Trujillo kapena Barquisimeto, ili pamapiri ofunikirawa.

Kumene mapiriwa amadutsa, malo a Venezuela amakhala ndi mawonekedwe ena. Pali malo ataliatali panyanja koma palinso nsonga zazitali, ndichifukwa chake pali mitundu yambiri ndi mawonekedwe ake kotero ndizodabwitsa.

Mapiri a Andes ku Venezuela ali ndi zinthu zitatu zazikulu: the Sierra de La Koulata, Sierra Nevada ndi Sierra de Santo Domingo. Amafika kutalika mpaka 5 mita. Mwachitsanzo, nsonga yayitali kwambiri mdzikoli ili pano, ndi mamita 5.007, the Pachimake pa Bolivar. Ngakhale palinso ena olemekezeka ngati Humbold ndi 4-940 metres, Bompland yokhala ndi 4880 metres kapena Mkango ndi mamita ake 4.743.

Nyengo imayenda pakati pa nyengo yakumadzulo, kwambiri, komanso nyengo yotentha kwambiri m'munsi mwa mapiri. Kumagwa mvula, monga m'dziko lonselo, kuyambira Epulo mpaka Novembala. Mitsinje imadutsa pakati pa mapiri, omwe sioyendetsedwa chifukwa ndi achidule komanso ndimadzi amvula. Kuyenda uku kumathera m'miphika iwiri yosanja: mbali imodzi, imodzi ku Caribbean, kudutsa Nyanja ya Maracaibo, ndi mbali inayo, Orinoco, kudzera mumtsinje wa Apure.

Zomera za m'derali zimakhudzanso nyengo, ndipo nyengo, tikudziwa kale, imakhudzana kwambiri ndi kukwezeka. Pali zomera zomwe zimakhala zotentha komanso zowuma kwambiri m'mamita 400 oyambirira okwera, kenako awonekere Mitengo ikuluikulu, pamwamba pa mamitala 3 zikwi tchire, kupitirirabe pali masamba a Paramera ndipo pamwamba pa 4 zikwi mita tili nawo kale moss ndi ndere.

Andes waku Venezuela ndiye amapanga dera lokhalo mdziko muno lomwe lili ndi mitundu iyi yazomera. M'dera la mitengo ikuluikulu, pakati pa 500 ndi 2 metres, malowa amawoneka ngati nkhalango yamvula kotero pamakhala mitengo ya mkungudza, laurels, bucares, mahogany ... Ndi yokongola, chifukwa Zomera zosiyanasiyana zimawonetsanso nyama.

Ku nyama zaku Venezuela ku Andean kuli zimbalangondo, condor yotchuka ya Andes (zomwe, ngakhale sizimakhala pano, zimangodutsa), chisoti chodzala ndi miyala, zopunduka, nswala, ma shrews, akalulu, amphaka amtchire, ziwombankhanga zakuda, mbuzi, akadzidzi, akumeza, zinkhwe zachifumu, nkhwangwa, abakha, iguana , njoka, abuluzi ndi dorado ndi ma guabinas, pakati pa mitundu ya nsomba.

Kukula kwa Andes waku Venezuela kumapangitsa Kuyankhula mwazomwe amachita kudutsa mayiko angapo mdziko munos: Barinas, Apure, Portuguesa, Táchira, Mérida ndi Trujillo. Ndipo monga tidanenera pamwambapa pali mizinda ingapo yofunika monga Mérida, Trujillo, Boconó, San Cristóbal ...

La chuma m'derali ankakonda kuganizira za kulima khofi ndi ulimi, koma atatulukira mafuta zinthu zinasintha. Sikuti mbewu zasiya kupanga, kwenikweni kuchokera apa pakubwera mbatata, nyemba, mitengo yazipatso, masamba, nthochi ndi udzu winawake, nkhumba, nkhuku ndi ng'ombe zamsika wakomweko, koma lero mafuta ndioyenera.

Ulendo ku Andes ku Venezuela

Ngakhale kwa nthawi yayitali gawo ili la Venezuela linali kutali ndi zokopa alendo, nthawi zonse timagwirizanitsa dzikolo ndi Pacific, kwakanthawi kwakanthawi, lakhala lotseguka ku ntchitoyi. Kusintha kwa magwiridwe antchito olumikizirana (kukonza bwino misewu mzaka makumi angapo zapitazi) yakhala injini.

Ngakhale kudzipatula komwe anthu otchedwa kumwera adachitidwa kumawasungira kutali ndi ndalama zomwe zokopa alendo zimasiya, mwanjira ina zinawathandiza kukhala othandiza pamsika uno. Ndipo ndizo kudzipatula kwawasunga mu chikhalidwe chawo komanso zikhalidwe zawo.

Anthu omwe amakhala mdera lino amalimbikitsa a zokopa alendo, zochepa, yomwe imasunga moyo wawo komanso chilengedwe. Ntchito zokopa alendo m'manja mwa anthu eni kapena zokopa alendo zomwe titha kuzitcha gulu.

Titha kukambirana zina Malo operekedwa pano ku Andes ku Venezuela. Mwachitsanzo, mzinda wa Merida. Idakhazikitsidwa mu 1558 ndipo ili ndi zokongola chisoti chachikoloni, tikazunguliridwa ndi mapiri ochititsa chidwi. Mutha kuwona Nyumba ya Archbishop, likulu la Universidad de los Andes, Cathedral kapena Nyumba Yachifumu.

Merida ili ndi misewu yokongola, wophunzira moyo, a msika wamatauni ya nsanjika zitatu yotanganidwa kwambiri komanso yotchuka, malo ogulitsira ayisikilimu okonda ayisikilimu opitilira 600, the Malo ogulitsira ayisikilimu a Coromoto, ndi malo ake mu Buku la Guinness la Zolemba ndi mapaki ambiri ndi mabwalo. Mmodzi mwa malo odziwika bwino ndi Los Chorros de Milla, okhala ndi nyanja, mathithi ndi zoo.

Palinso fayilo ya Galimoto yachingwe ya Mérida yomwe imakufikitsani ku Pico Espejo pamtunda wa mita 4765, kutsika pang'ono kuposa European Mont Blanc. Los Aleros Folk Park, malo Munda Wamaluwa ndimayendedwe ake oseketsa pamitengo ... Ndipo ngati mumakonda mapiri muli nawo maulendo opita ku Sierra Nevada ndi nsonga zawo zokongola.

Mzinda wina wotchuka ndi San Cristóbal, likulu la boma la Táchira, osachepera 1000 mita yakutalika motero ndipamwamba kwambiri. Inayamba kuchokera ku 1561 ndipo ili pafupi ndi malire ndi Colombia chifukwa chake ndiyabwino kwambiri. Komanso, ili ndi mipingo yambiri yachikoloni yoyendera.

Trujillo Ndilo likulu la dziko laling'ono kwambiri ku Andes Venezuela. Ndiwachikoloni komanso wokongola ngati boma lonselo. Idakhazikitsidwa mu 1557 ndipo ili pamtunda wa mamita 958. Amadziwika ndi chifanizo chachikulu cha Namwali wa Mtendere, choposa mamita 46 kutalika ndi matani 1200 olemera. Ili ndi malingaliro abwino ndipo chithunzi kuchokera pano ndichofunikira. Tawuni yakale ndi yokongola, yokhala ndi tchalitchichi chokongola komanso chachikondi.

Malo ena okongola ndi Jajó, Táriba, Peribeca, Capacho ... malo onsewa ali ndi zokopa zawo komanso gawo lawo la gastronomic ndi hotelo.


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