Mbiri ndi kulamulira kwa Venezuela

Mbiri ndi kulamulira kwa Venezuela

ndi magwero a Venezuela Amabwerera ku nthawi yomwe madera awo amakhala ndi anthu ochokera ku Amerindi, zaka masauzande zapitazo. Komabe, zomwe zimadziwika za mbiriyakale kuchokera pazomwe zidapezedwa, zimayambira ndikubwera kwa Aspanya oyamba kumapeto kwa zaka za zana la 1777. Mpaka mu 1527 pomwe Venezuela idakhazikitsidwa ngati boma kuchokera kwa Captaincy General waku Venezuela, yomwe panthawiyo inali koloni yaku Spain yomwe idakhazikitsidwa mu XNUMX.  

Oyamba kukhala ku Venezuela

Mbiri ndi kulamulira kwa Venezuela

Munthu woyamba kuwonekera komwe tsopano amadziwika kuti Venezuela anali zaka 30.000 zapitazo ndipo idachokera ku Amazon, Caribbean ndi Andes. Anthu oyamba ku Venezuela amafanana ndi magulu a anthu omwe adafika m'malo awa nthawi ya Late Pleistocene, makamaka ochokera kumpoto. Kuyambira pano ayamba kulanda gombe lakumpoto kwa Venezuela.

Ena mwa malo omwe anthu ambiri amapezeka amapezeka Muaco, Taima-Taima ndi El Jobo. Tiyenera kunena kuti kupezeka kwa anthu oyamba kukhala ku Venezuela kunayamba pafupifupi chaka cha 13000 BC Nthawi imeneyo, anthu omwe amakhala kumalo omwe tsopano ndi Falcón, adagawana malo awo okhala ndi nyama zosiyanasiyana, kuphatikizapo glyptodonts, megaterios ndi toxodonts.

Magulu achikhalidwe

Mbiri ndi kulamulira kwa Venezuela

El Nthawi yachikhalidwe cha Venezuela imayamba kuyambira chaka cha 1000 BCKomabe, kukula kwake kumasiyana malinga ndi zigawo. Chowonadi ndichakuti pali chitukuko chaulimi pakati pamagulu osiyanasiyana. Pafupifupi theka la miliyoni kudera lomwe tsopano ndi Venezuela, akanabwera kuchokera kumpoto, mwina kuchokera kudera la Calabozo, kudutsa kumadzulo, Andes komanso kumpoto kwa Caribbean.

Pa nthawiyo nzika zazikulu zaku Venezuela zinali chibchas m'dera la Andes, ma carib m'mbali mwa magombe onse, kuphatikiza pa Arawak, zomwe zili choncho zinali m'mbali mwa nyanja. Kummwera kwenikweni kwa Venezuela anali uwu kapena magwire. Zimadziwika kuti gawo lamasiku ano la Venezuela linali losiyana kwambiri panthawi ya pre-Columbian. Magulu azikhalidwe zosiyanasiyana ku Venezuela amakhulupirira kuti ali mgulu la zilankhulo zosachepera 16, kuphatikiza:

  • Banja la Arawak
  • Banja la Caribbean
  • Banja
  • chiba
  • Banja la Guajibana
  • Lembani banja
  • Banja la Yanomama

Nthawi ya njuchi ku Venezuela

Mbiri ndi kulamulira kwa Venezuela

La kulamulira kwa Venezuela kunachitika ndi Spain kuyambira pakati pa zaka za zana la XNUMX mpaka chiyambi cha Nkhondo Yodziyimira pawokha. Ndi nthawi yanthawi yamakolonayi pomwe maziko a dziko la Venezuela adzakhazikitsidwe. Ndiye kuti, kuphatikiza zikhalidwe zaku Spain, Africa ndi zikhalidwe, kugwiritsa ntchito Spanish ngati chilankhulo chachikulu.

Inalinso nthawi imeneyi Chikhristu chidatengera, komanso kugawidwa kwa dera, kuphatikiza gulu lomwe likadakhala Captaincy General. Kumayambiriro kwa zaka za zana la khumi ndi chisanu ndi chiwiri, aku Spain adali ndi mphamvu zowongolera madera agombe, Andes, komanso madera ena. Ma Llanos ndi dera lakumwera adapitilizabe kukhala madera olamulidwa ndi mbadwa. Zotsatira zake, mikangano pakati pa Aspanya ndi mbadwa zinali zofala, zomwe zidapitilira mpaka zaka za zana la XNUMX.

Chifukwa cha atsamunda a Spain ku Venezuela, mizinda yambiri komanso yofunika monga Valencia, Coro, Barcelona, ​​Puerto Cabello, Santiago de León de Caracas ndi Maracaibo idakhazikitsidwa. Panthawiyo, mzinda wa Caracas ndiye likulu la Captaincy General, lomwe limayang'anira dera, zomwe zimadalira Viceroyalty ya Santa Fe de Bogotá.

Ndizosangalatsa kutchulanso izi munthawi yamakoloni zikuchitika mdziko muno, komanso madera onse aku Spain, a kugawanika pakati pa ma castes kapena madera. Panthawiyo muyezo wa mpikisano unali ndi kulemera kofunikira kwambiri. Kuphatikiza apo, mphamvu zandale zinali m'manja mwa mabanja achizungu, omwe anali mbadwa za Aspanish ndi ma Creole, obadwira m'derali. Ndipo amadziwikanso kuti Mantuanos.

Chakumapeto kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX, atsamunda amakumana ndi zovuta ndipo chifukwa chake mabungwe oyamba odziyimira pawokha amapezeka, omwe anali chizindikiro cha ufulu wodziyimira pawokha womwe pamapeto pake unachitika koyambirira kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX.

Pomaliza, kungonena kuti nthawi yomwe ndale zilingaliridwe, ikukulitsa dziko la Venezuela mpaka chaka cha 1821, pomwe M'madera monga Maracaibo ndi Coro, kuwonjezera pa mzinda wa Puerto Cabello, nthawi yachikoloni ikadatha mpaka 1823.


Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa. Amafuna minda amalembedwa ndi *

*

*