Chakudya cha Khirisimasi ku Russia

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Pali akhristu 2.400 biliyoni padziko lapansi omwe amakondwerera Khrisimasi mosiyana, malinga ndi miyambo ya dziko lililonse komanso chipembedzo chachikhristu komwe ali. Pamwambowu, tikambirana momwe tchuthichi chimakondwerera ku Russia komanso chakudya chamadzulo cha Khrisimasi mdziko muno.

Miyambo yomwe dziko lino lili nayo pokhudzana ndi tsiku lokondweretsali ndi losiyana kwambiri ndi zomwe timazolowera. Kodi mukufuna kudziwa zambiri za Khrisimasi ku Russia? Pitilizani kuwerenga!

Kodi Khrisimasi imakondwerera liti ku Russia?

Zipembedzo zachikhristu zomwe zili ndi anthu okhulupirika padziko lonse lapansi, Akatolika ndi Aprotestanti, amakondwerera kubadwa kwa Khristu pa Disembala 25. Komabe, Tchalitchi cha Orthodox sichimatero. Ngakhale agawana zambiri zakukhulupirira, chiphunzitso, ndi miyambo ndi magulu omwe atchulidwa pamwambapa, makolo ambiri achi Orthodox amakondwerera Khrisimasi pa Januware 7. Koma cholinga chake ndi chiyani?

M'malo mwake, a Orthodox, kuphatikiza aku Russia, amakondwereranso Khrisimasi pa Disembala 25. Iwo okha amatsatira kalendala ya Julian, yomwe ndi Januware 7 pa kalendala ya Gregory.

Kodi Khrisimasi ili bwanji ku Russia?

Momwemonso Akatolika amakondwerera Khrisimasi pa Disembala 24, anthu aku Russia amachita izi pa Januware 6. Pa 10 pm, kuchokera ku Cathedral of Christ the Saver ku Moscow, purezidenti amachita mwambo wachikhalidwe mdziko lonselo.

Advent Advent

Ndizodziwika kuti Advent imachitika Khrisimasi isanakwane, nthawi yokonzekera kubadwa kwa Khristu. Ku Russia komwe kuli chikhulupiriro cha Orthodox, Advent imachitika kuyambira Novembala 28 mpaka Januware 6. Pachigawo ichi, kusala kumapangidwa komwe kumafikira tsiku lomaliza la Advent ndikusala kudya tsiku lonse. Itha kuthyoledwa ndikudyanso okhulupirira akawona nyenyezi yoyamba.

Chakudya cha Khirisimasi ku Russia

Chithunzi | Pixabay

Ponena za chakudya, Kodi mukudziwa zakudya zomwe zimadyedwa pa Khrisimasi ku Russia? Mabanja nthawi zambiri amakonza maphikidwe osiyanasiyana. Izi ndi zina mwazofala kwambiri:

  • Kutia: Imodzi mwa mbale zazikulu zaphwando. Zosakaniza zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito zimakhala ndi tanthauzo lophiphiritsa mu chipembedzo cha Orthodox. Potero tirigu akunena za kuuka kwa Khristu ndipo uchi umadzetsa muyaya. Zotsatira zake ndi chakudya chamwambo chomwe mutha kuwonjezera mtedza, zoumba ndi mbewu za poppy.
  • Wokazinga tsekwe: Pa Advent sichinkaloledwa kudya nyama kotero kuti Khrisimasi ikafika, anthu aku Russia mwachangu ankakonza mbale ndi izi kuti athane ndi kusala kudya. Atsekwe owotcha anali imodzi mwa mbale zotchuka kwambiri.
  • NkhumbaChakudya china chomwe chimadyedwa pa chakudya cha Khrisimasi ku Russia ndi nkhumba yoyamwa kapena momwe aku Russia amatchulira "nkhumba yamkaka." Amaphikidwa wowotcha ndi phala ndi ndiwo zamasamba. Zimakhala ngati azitenga kumapeto kwa Advent kuti athetse kusala.
  • Coulibiac: Keke yodzaza iyi imagunda paphwando lililonse ndipo imaperekedwanso pachakudya cha Khrisimasi ku Russia. Zitha kupangidwa kuchokera ku mitundu ingapo ya mtanda wosiyanasiyana ndi nsomba, mpunga, nyama, masamba, bowa, mazira. Zili ngati chakudya chathunthu mu keke limodzi!

Chithunzi | Pixabay

  • Vinaigrette: Ndi saladi yachikhalidwe yokonzedwa ndi mbatata, kaloti, beets, pickles mu viniga ndi mafuta. Ngakhale lero ndi chimodzi mwazakudya zomwe amakonda pa Khrisimasi ku Russia chifukwa ndizosavuta kukonzekera komanso zotsika mtengo. Komabe, mabanja omwe akufuna kupititsa kukamwa kwawo kumlingo wina amawonjezera nsomba zokongola monga sturgeon.
  • Saladi ya Olivier: Ndi saladi ina yosavuta yopangira tchuthi. Ili ndi karoti, anyezi, dzira lowira, mbatata, nkhaka, soseji ndi nandolo. Chilichonse chosakanizidwa ndi mayonesi.
  • Kozuli: Ichi ndi chimodzi mwa maswiti otchuka kwambiri ku Russia nthawi ya Khrisimasi. Awa ndi ma cookie a Khrisimasi omwe amapangidwa ndi mkate wosalala wa ginger wokhala ndi madzi komanso wokongoletsedwa ndi shuga wouma. Mitundu yodziwika bwino yomwe makekewa amaperekedwera ndi angelo, nyenyezi za Khrisimasi, nyama ndi nyumba. Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito ngati zokongoletsa zikondwerero.
  • vzvar: Chakudya cha Khrisimasi chikatha ku Russia chakumwa ichi chimakhala mchere. Amakonzedwa mu uvuni ndi compote wopangidwa ndi zipatso ndi zipatso zomwe zokometsedwa ndi zitsamba, zonunkhira komanso uchi wambiri. Ndi njira ina yabwino kuposa vinyo wotentha kapena nkhonya.

Gome liri lokutidwa ndi udzu, pokumbukira malo omwe Yesu anabadwira, ndi nsalu yoyera ya tebulo iikidwa pamwamba.

Ndi nyimbo ziti za Khrisimasi zomwe zimaimbidwa ku Russia?

Ku Russia nyimbo zanyimbo za Khrisimasi zimalowedwa m'malo ndi nyimbo yachisilavo yotchedwa Koliadki. Nyimboyi nthawi zambiri imayimbidwa pa Khrisimasi ndi gulu la anthu mumsewu atavala zovala zachigawo.

Ndipo anthu aku Russia amakondwerera Santa Nöel motani?

Ku Russia si bambo Nöel omwe amapereka mphatso kwa ana podutsa mchimelo cha nyumba zawo koma Ded Moroz limodzi ndi mdzukulu wake Snegurochka. Khalidwe ili limabweretsa mphatso kwa ana pa Tsiku la Chaka Chatsopano, pa kalendala yaku Russia pa Januware 12.

Chaka Chatsopano ku Russia

Chithunzi | Pixabay

Poganizira kuti Khrisimasi ili pa Januware 7 ndipo nthawi ya Khrisimasi ndi Januware 6, kalendala yaku Russia ikupitilizabe ndipo Chaka Chatsopano chimakondwerera usiku wa Januware 12-13. Chipanichi chimadziwika kuti "Chaka Chatsopano Chakale." Chidwi, chabwino?

Kuyambira nthawi za Soviet wakhala chikondwerero chofunikira kwambiri pachaka ndipo patsikuli mtengo wamtengo wapachaka wa Chaka Chatsopano umakongoletsedwa, womwe umavekedwa ndi nyenyezi yofiira. Chizindikiro cha chikominisi.

Kodi anthu aku Russia amasangalala bwanji pa Khrisimasi?

Anthu a ku Russia amasangalala m'njira zambiri pa Khirisimasi. Chimodzi mwazikhalidwe zodziwika bwino zaku Russia kuti azigwiritsa ntchito tchuthi azisangalala ndi malo oundana. Ali pafupifupi kulikonse!

Kwa ana, ziwonetsero zakuthothoka zakonzedwa, mutu wankhani waukulu ndi kubadwa kwa khanda Yesu komanso komwe anawo amakonda.

Achikulire amasankha kupita kukagula zinthu kukapeza mphatso za Khrisimasi. Masitolo ndi malo ogulitsira amakongoletsedwa ndi mitundu yonse ya nyali, nkhata zamaluwa, mitengo yamipirala, amuna achisanu, ndi zina zambiri. Ana nthawi zambiri amapatsidwa zoseweretsa monga kumadera onse adziko lapansi ndipo akulu amapatsidwa mabuku, nyimbo, ukadaulo, ndi zina zambiri.


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