Kuongorora imba yaAnn Frank muAmsterdam

Anne Frank House Museum

Mukati meiyo Anne Frank Museum

Amsterdam ingangove imwe ye maguta akazara kwazvo muEurope: kubva kune cruises kuburikidza nemigero yayo kune yayo tulip gadheni uye machechi eimwe nguva ichipfuura munzvimbo dzakadai sedzimba seAnn Frank imba. Nzvimbo yekutizira iyo, makumi emakore mumashure mekutyisa kwaakaona, yakavhurika kune veruzhinji kutiyeuchidza nezvekukosha kwenyika isina hondo kana kukakavara. Uri kuuya nesu ku shanyira iyo Anne Frank imba?

Imba yaAnn Frank: X-ray yenyaya inotyisa

Zvakatorwa kubva kudhayari raAnn Frank

Munguva yekuzivikanwa se ChiDutch Golden AgeMuzana ramakore rechi XNUMX, maJuda mazhinji akauya achitiza kubva munyika dzakaita sePortugal kana Spain kuzogara mumaguta akadai se Amsterdam. Zvingave pano apo mabwe anokosha aizotanga kuvaka Quarter yechiJuda iyo yave yave imwe yenzvimbo dzinozivikanwa kwazvo muguta re canal. Zvisinei, hapana chimwe chazvo chakaratidza chimiro chemurume anonzi Adolf Hitler ane mauto eNazi aizotora guta mukutanga kwema40.

La chokwadi mhuri, rakaumbwa naOtto Frank, mudzimai wake Edith Hollander nevanasikana vavo Margot naAna, vakasarudza kutiza kubva kuGerman kunogara kuAmsterdam, uko kwavakazvipira kuita bhizinesi rezvinonhuwira. Mamiriro ezvinhu airatidzika seakanaka akatapudzwa apo maNazi akadenha guta reDutch.

Asati anyanya kunonoka, mhuri iyi yakapotera mu "Chakavanzika Chakawedzera," chakavanzika chakawedzerwa chemba yekuchengetera iri mu Prinsengrach chiteshi iri kumadokero kweAmsterdam. Ivo vakabatanidzwa nevamwe vanhu vana: Fritz Pfeffer, wechiJudha chiremba wemazino shamwari yaOtto, uye van van Pels mhuri yaHermann naAuguste van Pels nemwanakomana wavo Peter. Kudzidziswa kwacho kwakatanga muna Chikunguru 9, 1942.

Nguva pfupi zuva iri risati rasvika, uye zvichienderana nezuva rekuzvarwa raAna regumi nematatu, vabereki vake vakamupa dhayari iyo yakave inzvimbo yechokwadi yemukadzi mudiki mukati memakore ake akavanzika. Mamwe machira maasina kunyora chete nezve nezvese zvemusikana zera rake, asi nezve makakatanwa nemakakatanwa epasi izvo zvaakange achangotanga kunzwisisa.

Mushure mekuwanikwa nevaNazi musi waAugust 4, 1944, mhuri yakaparadzaniswa ndokuendeswa kumisasa yevasungwa yakasiyana. Anne nehanzvadzi yake Margot vakafa nechirwere chetyphus muna Kurume 1045 mumusasa weBergen-Belsen, ari baba vake Otto iye ega akararama muhusiku huno. Mushure mekudzokera kuAmsterdam, vanhu vaitarisira kuchengetedza nzvimbo yake mukati memwedzi yake mu "imba yakavanzika", vakamupa magwaro uye dhayari remwanasikana wake.

Uye 1947, Dhayari raAnn Frank rakaburitswa rikave rakabudirira uye, zvinoshamisira, mune kuratidzwa kwakanyanya kweiyo yaive yeimwe yezvikamu zvakasviba zvevanhu. Kuzivikanwa kwebhuku iri kwaikwezva kufarira kwevaverengi nevanhu vemunharaunda avo vakatanga kusvika pamba painge paitika zvese, izvo zvaive zvoda kuputswa muma50.

Neraki, iyo Anne Frank House Museum yakavhurwa musi wa3 Chivabvu 1960, pakarepo ikava imwe yeiyo nzvimbo dzekushanyira panguva ipi neipi yekugara muguta reAmsterdam.

Kuongorora iyo Anne Frank House

Tikiti yekupinda kune Anne Frank House

Inowanikwa pa263-267 Prinsengracht, iyo Anne Frank House Museum ine chivakwa chikuru uko Otto Frank aive nebhizinesi rake uye imba yekuwedzera yakazofananidzwa nemuseum. Imba yekutanga ine pevhu pevhu pakanga paine nzvimbo yekuraira uye kuseri kwenzvimbo yaive nezvinonhuwira, nepo mahofisi evashandi vaOtto akaiswa pafloor yekutanga, uyo akaendesa bhizinesi rake kukero iyi Muna 1940.

Kuzivikanwa se Achterhuis (kana Chakavanzika Annex), kuwedzera kwechivako chakakomberedzwa nedzimba dzakavakidzana chaibvumidza kuvanza chinzvimbo chayo, ichiita nzvimbo yakakwana yekutizira yemhuri.

Munguva yese yekushanya, uye kunyanya mushure mekupfuura iro hombe bhuku remabhuku iro, semusuwo, rakaviga mukana we "imba yakavanda" inotanga kushanya kwenzvimbo dzinokurudzira kushuvira uye tsitsi. Iko kushanya kuimba kunosanganisira yemahara odhiyo redhiyo, mubatsiri anokosha kana zvasvika pakunzwisisa nhoroondo yevaFrank kana kuti vakawana sei nzvimbo yavakazogovana kweanopfuura makore maviri.

Mhedziso ye Anne Frank Museum

Nenzira iyi, isu tinokwanisa kuwana yekugezera yakagovaniswa iyo inotanga kunyudzwa mumba, imba ine madziro Ana yainge yadhinda zvimiti zvakasiyana zvezvidhori zvake, kana mahwindo ayo mhuri yakamboisa machira makuru kuviga chinzvimbo chako. . Pedyo nekamuri raAna ndiyo imwe yemhuri yake yese, nepo imba yepamusoro ichigara dzimba dzekuvata dzevan Pel uye, nguva pfupi yapfuura, unokwanisa kuwana iyo imba yepamusoro, muchikamu chepamusoro.

Iko kushanya kune iyo Anne Frank House zvinongedzo kuenda kune yekuwedzera mamuseum uko kwakateedzana zvinyorwa, ma audios, mavhidhiyo uye zvinyorwa ivo vanonunura zvakatorwa kubva kumhuri uye, kunyanya, kubva kuna Otto Frank mushure mekudzokera kuAmsterdam. Mazwi anobata ayo, kana muchiitiko changu, akaumba bundu pahuro, sezvo pamusoro pezvose, ruzivo rwekushanyira imba runowana muchikamu charo chekupedzisira kururamisa kwakanyanya kweanotyisa ayo vagari vayo vakaisirwa. Iyo miziyamu ine zvakare yekudyira uye nechitoro kwaunogona kuwana zviyeuchidzo kana kopi repepanhau.

Tichifunga kuwanda kweAnn Frank House, zvinokurudzirwa kusvika nekukurumidza sezvinobvira pamusuwo kana kuchengetera matikiti pamberi pachako kuburikidza neako peji peji.

Iyo Anne Frank House Museum yakavhurwa zuva rega rega kubva 9:00 am kusvika 23:00 pm

Kuongorora chimwe chezvinhu zvakanaka zveAmsterdam zvinoreva kuzviita mune chimwe chezvikamu zvine ropa rakawanda munhoroondo. Kufamba kuburikidza nehupenyu uye basa remusikana ane mimba yenyika haina kusanganisira kurwadziwa nekutambura kwakaiswa pasi pezviuru zvemaJuda munhoroondo yese, asi kunyanya munguva yezana ramakumi maviri.

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