Australia yesainzi uye tekinoroji zvigadzirwa

Iko hakuna akawanda seasustralia uye tekinoroji zvigadzirwa seizvo zvakawanikwa mune dzimwe nyika dzepasi. Icho chikonzero chiri nyore: Ositireriya inyika vadiki Uye haina kunge isina nguva yekumira zvakanyanya munzvimbo idzi.

Zvisinei, nyika yegungwa yakatotipa mugove wayo wakanaka wekuwana. Uye, pamusoro pezvose, zve Kukosha kukuru kwesainzi uye inozivikanwa kwazvo maererano nehunyanzvi. Kana iwe uchida kuziva zvakawanda nezve Australia yesainzi uye tekinoroji zvigadzirwa, tinokukoka iwe kuti uenderere mberi nekuverenga.

Iwo makuru eAustralia esainzi uye tekinoroji zvigadzirwa

Sezvatakakuudza, panotova nenhamba zhinji dzekuwana dzakaitwa nevaAustralia. Nechikonzero ichi, uye kuita kuti kujekesa kwedu kujekeseke, tichatanga tataura nezvezvimwe zvakakosha pasainzi uyezve mamwe akanyanya kuzivikanwa netekinoroji.

Australia Sayenzi Zviwanikwa

Nezve izvi, zvigadzirwa zveAustralia zvakabatsira iyo Hutano hwevanhu (sezvatichaona nekukasira, ivo vane chekuita nepenicillin) uye na nzvimbo. Zvimwe zvezviwanikwa izvi ndizvo zvatiri kuzokutsanangurira.

Kushandiswa kwepenicillin

Wese munhu anoziva kuti penicillin yaive kuwanikwa kweBritish Alexander Fleming muna 1928. Zvisinei, zvisinganyanyi kuzivikanwa ndezvekuti vaive maAustralia Howard W. Florey uye chiGerman Ernst B. Chain uyo akagadzira nzira yekugadzirwa kwayo kwakawanda, chimwe chinhu chingazoponesa mamirioni ehupenyu hwevanhu. Muchokwadi, Fleming paakagamuchira iyo Nobel Prize muna 1945, akazviita pamwechete nevaaishanda navo vaviri.

Dombo kuna Ernst B. Chain

Dombo mukuremekedza Ernst B. Chain

The pacemaker

Ichi chiridzwa chekurapa chinotendera varwere vemoyo kuti varambe vachirova zvavo. Inotumira zvidiki zvemagetsi kunhengo kuti ibatsire kuzviita. Yakagadzirwa nefizikiki Edgar dumba uye chiremba Marc Lidwill, zvese zviri zveAustralia, kutanga kwema1920. Zvisinei, kushandiswa kwaro hakuna kuzoitika kusvika kumaXNUMX.

Mushonga wepilloma wemunhu

Kunyangwe dzimwe nyanzvi dzakabatanidzwawo, mushonga uyu uripowo pakati pezvigadzirwa nesainzi nehunyanzvi zveAustralia pane zvayakanakira Paive nevadzidzi vaviri kubva kuYunivhesiti yeQueensland, Ian Fraser y Jian Zhou, uyo akakwanisa kugadzira chidimbu chakafanana nehutachiona uhu hwakasimbisa immune system kurirwisa.

Iyo cochlear inodyara

Ichi chishandiso chakabatsira mazana ezviuru ematsi kuti vavandudze matsi dzavo. Iyo yakaiswa mumusoro uye inokwanisa kumutsidzira wekunzwa mutsinga. Zvanga zviri Graeme clark, purofesa paYunivhesiti yeMelbourne, uyo akaigadzira. Baba vake vakatambura nekunzwa kwekunzwa, uye pavakaedza kumubatsira, vakawana ichi chishandiso chinobatsira kwazvo.

Iyo ultrasound scanner

Ichi chigadzirwa chekurapa icho chashandiswa nhasi kugadzira ultrasound Yakagadzirwa neAustralia Commonwealth Acoustics Laboratory, iyo yakazotumidzwa zita chairo kuti Ultrasound Institute. Vagadziri vayo vakawana nzira yekutora maekisheni eurtrasonic ayo anodonhedza matukisi emuviri wedu nekuashandura kuva mifananidzo. Kushambadzira kwayo kwakatanga mu1976.

Kuchengetedzwa kwenharaunda kuburikidza nemakorari matombo

Sezvaunoziva, iyo Great Barrier Reef Inowanikwa kuchamhembe kwakadziva kumabvazuva kweAustralia. Kune anopfuura makiromita zviuru zviviri nemazana mashanu echimiro chakakura pasi pemvura chiri panjodzi parizvino. Zvichida ndosaka maAustralia agara ari pamberi pamberi Oceanography.

El Australian Institute yeMarine Sayenzi inogadzira mapurojekiti akasiyana siyana ekuchengetedza nharaunda. Pakati pezvakakurumbira pane iyo yakatsaurirwa kuna inodzora kurima kwekorari. Chinangwa chayo ndechekudzosera matombo kumamiriro avo echisikigo. Nekudaro, izvi zvipenyu zvinobatsira ku zvakaringana nharaunda yemakungwa uye nekuachengetedza kubva pamhedzisiro iyo shanduko yemamiriro ekunze pavari.

Iyo huru coral chipingamupinyi

Great Barrier Reef

Australia zvigadzirwa zvehunyanzvi

Chinhu chakakurumbira muAustralia tekinoroji hapana mubvunzo kuti iyo wifi, yatichataura nezvayo inotevera. Asi kune vamwe vakashandawo kunatsiridza kuchengetedzeka kwemhepo kana zvimwe zvinangwa zvakasiyana. Ngationei.

Wifi

Iyo isina waya yekubatanidza kune yeInternet yauya kuzobatsira kushandiswa kweizvi mudzimba nemahofisi. Ichi chishandiso chakakosha chakakonzerwa nesainzi weAustralia John O'Sullivan nechikwata chake chevashandi vaSidney. Ivo vese vaive veCSIRO, mutumbi we Commonwealth yakatsaurirwa kusimudzira kutsvagisa kwesainzi uye tekinoroji.

Bhokisi dema renendege

Sezvaunoziva, chishandiso ichi chinoshandiswa nendege kutenderera pasirese nhasi chinoshandiswa kutsvaga zvinoitika mundege munguva dzisati dzaitika tsaona. Dzese nhaurirano dzemutyairi uye paramende dzendege dzakanyorwa mairi, izvo zvakare zvisingapere. Muvambi wayo aive weAustralia David warren, uyo akanyatsorasikirwa nababa vake mutsaona yendege.

Hausi iwo wega mupiro wenyika yegungwa kune yekuchengetedza ndege. Muna 1965, Jack Grant, mushandi wequantas yendege, akagadzira iyo slide yemamiriro ekukurumidzira. Iyo inoshandiswa kudzikisa vafambi mushure mekumhara zvisina kunaka.

Google Maps

Kunyangwe isina kudaidzwa izvo panguva iyoyo, chishandiso chinonyanya kubatsira ichi chakagadzirwa zvishoma neveAustralia Stephen Ma y Neil Gordon padivi paDanes Lars naJens Rasmussen mukutanga XNUMXs. Yakanga iri gare gare, apo zvigadzirwa zvakatengwa neGoogle, kuti yakagamuchira zita rayo razvino.

Nhema bhokisi rendege

Nhema bhokisi rendege

Iyo yemagetsi chibooreso

Kana iwe uchifarira ma DIYers, iwe unozoziva kuti yakawanda sei chishandiso ichi chinoita kuti basa rako rive nyore. Zvakanaka, zvakare kugadzirwa kweAustralia. Mune ino kesi, zviri nekuda kweinjiniya yemagetsi Arthur James, uyo akaita yekutanga kare kare sa1889. Ehe saizvozvo, yanga isiri inotakurika, asi yakakura zvikuru. Zvisinei, yaigona kuboora kunyange matombo.

Firiji

Iyo firiji yechinyakare iyo nhasi inoita kunge yakakosha mudzimba medu ingangoita zana nemakumi mashanu emakore. Pazvaisavapo, chikafu chaichengetwa munzvimbo dzinotonhorera mudzimba. Sezvineiwo, vaive mamaneja edoroja reAustralia rakashanda James harrison kugadzirisa matambudziko ekuchengetedza chinwiwa chake muna 1856.

Mukupedzisa, takuratidza imwe ye Australia yesainzi uye tekinoroji zvigadzirwa. Sezvauri kuona, mupiro wenyika yegungwa mukusimudzira kwevanhu kwave kungopfuura kunakidza uye, pamusoro pezvose, kwakakosha.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Makomendi gumi, siya zvako

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa. Raida minda anozivikanwa ne *

*

*

  1.   ana mercedes villalba G. akadaro

    Zvakanaka chaizvo zvavanotaura kana kutsanangura

  2.   n akadaro

    zvakanaka kutsanangura