Makungwa makuru muAmerica

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Pamuganhu pakati peCanada neUnited States kune makungwa mashanu makuru anotonga nzvimbo hombe uye panowanda mvura yakakura kwazvo pasi rino.: Michigan, Superior, Ontario, Huron naErie. Kunyangwe vachizvibata semakungwa akavharika, mvura yavo iri nyowani uye ine isingasviki chikamu chimwe muzvishanu chezvivakwa zvePasi.

Aya makungwa mashanu makuru anopa mamaira emahombekombe, mawere, mirwi, huwandu hwenzvimbo dzekuvhenekera, zvitsuwa zvine mahombekombe nemataundi ekushanyira. Hazvishamise kuti inonzi "iyo yechitatu mhenderekedzo" sezvo aya madhamu ari pekugara peanoshamisa akasiyana siyana emhando dzemhuka. Pamusoro pezvo, zvikepe zvemarudzi ese zvinofamba nemumvura zhinji iyi uye zvakajairika kuti vabati vehove nevanoda kayak vasanganise zvikepe, zvikepe zvinotakura zvinhu, tugs, nezvimwe.

Kushanyira makungwa mashanu makuru muAmerica ipfungwa yakanaka yezororo rakanaka. Kana iyi iri nyaya yako uye uchida kuvashanyira, ipapo ini ndichawana zvimwe pamusoro pezvishamiso zvezvisikwa.

Gungwa Michigan

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Nyanza Michigan nderimwe remakungwa makuru mashanu muUnited States asi ndiro chete rakazara mukati menyika sezvo mamwe achigovaniswa neCanada. Yakakomberedzwa nenyika dzeWisconsin, Illinois, Indiana neMichigan, iyo inonzi zita regungwa chairo.

Iri dhamu rine nzvimbo yemakiromita makiromita 57.750 uye kudzika kwemamita 281. Inotorwa sedziva rakakura kwazvo mukati menyika uye yechishanu pasirese. Yayo huwandu i4.918 cubic km yemvura uye Lake Michigan inotarisana nemapaki mazhinji nemabhichi.

Vanenge mamirioni gumi nemaviri vanhu vanogara mumahombekombe ayo, mazhinji acho munzvimbo diki dzevashanyi dzinorarama nekugona izvo zvinopihwa neLake Michigan. Kupedza zuva uchishanyira nyanza izano rakanaka kuti unakirwe nezvakasikwa kunze, uchizorora uye nekuregedza kubva pane zvakajairwa. Zano rinonakidza kwazvo ndere kukwira chikepe kuti uyambuke gungwa. Mushure meizvozvo, hapana chinhu chiri nani pane kuyedza chikafu chemuno chakapfuma salmon uye trout.

Kumahombekombe kweLake Michigan, mudunhu reIllinois, nderimwe remaguta akakosha muUnited States: Chicago. Inozivikanwa seWindy City, ndiro guta rechitatu rine vanhu vakawanda muUnited States, mushure meNew York neLos Angeles.

Iri iguta remazuva ano uye rine vanhu vazhinji iro riri musha wevanopfuura 1.100 skyscrapers. Parizvino chivakwa chakareba kupfuura zvese iWillis Tower (yaimbodaidzwa kunzi Sears Tower), asi muma1920 yaive Wrigley Building, yaive neshongwe yakagadzirwa mushure meGiralda muSeville.

Lake rakakwirira

Iri gungwa rinogumira Minnesota, Wisconsin, uye Michigan kudivi reUS neOntario kudivi reCanada. Dzinza reOjibwe vakaritumidza kuti Gichigami zvinoreva kuti "mvura hombe" uye ndiro igungwa rine mvura yakawanda pasi rese. Kuti ikupe pfungwa yehukuru hwayo, Lake Superior inogona kuve nehoriyamu yemamwe ese Great Lakes uye matatu mamwe seLake Erie. Iyo ndiyo yakadzika kwazvo, yakakura uye inotonhorera yeGreat Lakes muUnited States.

Sechido chekuda kuziva, madutu ari muLake Superior anogadzira marekodhi emamita anodarika matanhatu metres, asi mafungu anopfuura mamirita mapfumbamwe akanyorwa. Zvinoshamisa!

Kune rimwe divi, mukati megungwa iri pane zviwi zvinoverengeka izvo chikuru chiri Royale Island mudunhu reMichigan. Izvi zvakare zvine mamwe madziva ane zviwi. Chero zvazvingaitika, zvimwe zviwi zvakakura zveLake Superior zvinosanganisira Michipicoten Island mudunhu reOntario neMadeline Island mudunhu reWisconsin.

Gungwa reOntario

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Mukupesana, dziva diki kwazvo muGreat Lakes muUnited States iLake Ontario. Iyo iri kumberi kumabvazuva kupfuura ese mamwe madziva uye ndeyeCanada neUnited States: chikamu chekuchamhembe kudunhu reOntario uye chikamu chekumaodzanyemba kudunhu reNew York.

Sezvo neLake Superior, zvakare ine zviwi zvinoverengeka, chikuru chiri Wolfer Island, iri padyo neKingston pamusuwo weSt. Lawrence River.

Kana tikataura nezve nzvimbo dzevagari dzakataurwa pamusoro peLake Ontario, tinoona kuti kumahombekombe ekumadokero erutivi rweCanada kune hukuru hukuru hunodaidzwa kuti Golden Horseshoe iyo inogara vanhu vangangosvika mamirioni mapfumbamwe uye inosanganisira maguta eHamilton neToronto. Padivi reAmerica, mahombekombe ayo anonyanya kuve ekumaruwa kunze kweRochester muMonroe County (New York).

Inland, anenge makiromita makumi matatu kubva ipapo, tinogona kuwana guta reSirakuse uye rakabatana nedziva nemugero. Vanenge mamirioni maviri vagari vanogara kudivi reAmerica.

Gungwa Huron

Mufananidzo | Pixabay

Lake Huron nderimwe reGreat Lakes muUnited States, kunyanya muhukuru ndiyo yechipiri pakukura pane yechishanu uye yechina pakukura papasi. Yakakura kudarika yese yeCroatia! Iri pakati peUnited States neCanada, iri pakati penharaunda yeNorth America uye ndeimwe yevakashanyirwa zvakanyanya nekuda kwenzvimbo dzayo dzakanaka, kunyanya nevashanyi.

Lake Huron inzvimbo yakasarudzwa nevazhinji vekuAmerican kushandisa zororo ravo. Pakati pemwedzi yezhizha, kushanya kwakarongeka kutenderedza nharaunda kuti uzive hunhu hwenzvimbo uyezve enhoroondo enzvimbo padhuze neLake Huron, senge iyo Mwenje weChiedza. Aya marwendo anotendera vashanyi kuti vadzidze zvishoma nezvenhoroondo yenzvimbo ino uye kuti vazive hupfumi hwayo hwepanyama zvakadzama.

Uye zvakare, kune zvekare zviitiko zvemvura senge kayaking kana scuba diving. Kunyangwe kukwira nemumazana ezviuru zvezvitsuwa zvine iri dziva. Kana dzisingasvikike, vanhu vanogutsikana kuvakomberedza seTurnip ine mukurumbira, inonyanyo fotogenic yevari vese nechena pini sango kumusoro.

Sechido, Lake Huron rizere nezvitsuwa, mazhinji acho ari kuchamhembe, mukati memiganhu yeCanada, ari Manitoulin Island, hombe pasi rese mugungwa rine mvura yakachena.

Lake erie

Mufananidzo | Pixabay

Gungwa Erie ndiyo yekumaodzanyemba kwemakungwa makuru mashanu muUnited States uye isina kudzika. Inowanikwa pamuganhu neOntario muCanada uye inoshanda semiganhu nematunhu ePennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan neNew York kudivi reUS.

Nekuda kwehukuru hwayo (inotora makiromita mazana maviri nemazana manomwe nemazana manomwe emakiromita), inoonekwa segumi nematatu dhamu renyika. Inofamba zvizere, ine kukwirira pamusoro pegungwa remamita zana nemakumi manomwe nenomwe uye hurefu hwepakati pemamita 25.700; mupfungwa iyi, ndiyo yakadzika pane ese maGungwa makuru seyakazara.

Ndiro raive rekupedzisira reMakungwa makuru kuti riwanikwe uye vaFrench vaongorori vakaita saizvozvo vakaritumidza kuti Lake Erie mushure merudzi rwevanhu vezita rimwechete vaigara munzvimbo iyi.

Sezvo nemamwe makungwa, kune zviwi zvakawanda muLake Erie zvakare. Pakazara pane makumi maviri nemana, mapfumbamwe acho ari eCanada. Zvimwe zvezvitsuwa zvikuru i Kelleys Island, South Bass Island, kana Johnson's Island.

Sekuda kuziva, Lake Erie ine yayo microclimate, iyo inoita kuti nzvimbo ino ibereke yekukura michero, miriwo nemizambiringa yekugadzira waini. Lake Erie inozivikanwawo neayo Lake Effect blizzards inokanda munzvimbo dzekumabvazuva kweguta, kubva kuShaker Heights kusvika kuBuffalo. Izvi zvinoitika mukupera kwechando uye kutanga kwechirimo.


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