Helsinki

Maonero aHelsinki

Mufananidzo weHelsinki

Inowanikwa kumaodzanyemba kwenyika, Helsinki ndiro guta guru uye rakakosha guta re Finland. Iri zvakare guta riri mumahombekombe iro rinopa zita raro kune a zvitsuwa zvezvinoda kusvika mazana matatu ezvitsuwa uye zvinozvirumbidza kuchengetedza, kunyanya nekuda kwenzvimbo dzayo hombe dzegirini. Iyo ine nzvimbo yemadhorobha yeanosvika miriyoni imwe nemazana mana ezviuru zvevagari, kunyangwe nhanho yayo yehupenyu yakadzikama.

Yakagadzwa muna 1550 ne Mambo Gustav I weSweden kukwikwidzana Reval, ano Estonia Tallinn, akavandudzwa kwazvo mukutanga kwezana ramakore rechi1918 apo Russia yakatora Finland ndokusimbisa guta guru muHelsinki. Kuti vawane mukurumbira, vagari vacho vakavakazve iro rese nzvimbo yepakati peguta vachiteera canon yeklassical uye vachitora Saint Petersburg semuenzaniso. Nechekare muna XNUMX, nerusununguko rwenyika, guta rakaramba richiva guta guru uye yakakosha kosi yekusimudzira kweFinland. Kana iwe uchida kuziva Helsinki, tinokukoka iwe ubatane nesu.

Chii chekuona muHelsinki

Guta reFinland rinokupa iwe yakawanda yakanaka mamaki anowanikwa zvese mutaundi chairo uye pazvitsuwa zviri pedyo. Pakati pavo, unogona kushanyira zvimwe zvechitendero, zvimwe zvehunhu uye kunyange vechitatu mapato avo vaive nechinangwa chemauto. Ngationei.

Seneti Chikamu: Helsinki Cathedral

Senado Square ndeimwe yenzvimbo huru dzeguta. Icho chivakwa chakakosha ndeye Helsinki Cathedral. Sezvineiwo, handiyo yega iri muguta uye inozivikanwa se kereke yemusande nicholas mukuremekedza Tsar Nicholas I weRussia, akatonga Finland pakavakwa tembere. Kuvakwa kwaro kwakapera muna 1852 uye, seSeneate Square yese, imhaka yemugadziri weGerman Carl Engel.

Kuona kweKathedral yaSaint Nicholas

St. Nicholas Cathedral

Iyo inopindura kune canoni eiyo neoclassic Icho chiri muchimiro chemuchinjikwa wechiGiriki, ndiko kuti, nzvimbo yepakati ine maoko mana akaenzana. In chimwe nechimwe chazvo unogona kuona kunze pevharanda uye pediment yechiGiriki nhaka. Zvimwechetezvo, ine hombe yepakati dome uye ina mativi eshongwe akapedzisa mune dome.

Iwe zvakare uchawana yepakati chivakwa cheiyo Helsinki University, chivakwa chinoshamisira zvakare mune neoclassical maitiro, uye iyo Muzinda weKanzuru yeHurumende, yakavakwa muna 1822 uye yaigara Seneti yenyika kusvika kuvakwa kwe Eduskunta, iro razvino dzimbahwe.

Uspenski Orthodox Cathedral

Ndiyo imwe tembere huru muHelsinki uye zvishoma gare gare kupfuura yeLutheran yeSanta Nicholas. Munhu waro aitarisira aive mugadziri weRussia alexey gornostaev, uyo akazvironga zvichibva nezana ramakore regumi nematanhatu. Ichakwezva kutarisisa kwako kune ayo matsvuku ezvidhina maficha uye ayo dzimba gumi nenhatu, iyo inomiririra Jesu Kristu nevaApostora gumi nevaviri.
Iri pamusoro pechikomo paKratajanokka peninsula uye inoonekwa sechechi hombe yeOrthodox muEurope. Ichowo chimwe chezvakakosha zveHelsinki. Kuti ndikupe zano, inoshanyirwa nevapfuuri vanopfuura hafu yemiriyoni pagore.

Suomenlinna

Icho chimwe chezviratidzo zveguta reFinland. Ndizvo chitsuwa nhare Yakavakwa muzana ramakore rechiXNUMX sedziviriro yedhorobha uye yakaziviswa Nhaka Yenyika neUNESCO. Kana iwe uchida kuziva Helsinki zvakanaka, iwe unofanirwa kushanyira iyo. Mariri, iwe haungowane chete tunnel, madziro uye mapasuru, asiwo mabhawa, maresitorendi nemamuseum.
Avo vanoisvika vakasununguka kufamba mairi sezvavanoda. Asi isu tinokurudzira kuti iwe uteedzere iyo nzira yebhuruu, inova ndiyo yepamutemo uye yakamisikidzwa nevaya vane chekuita nenhare. Iyo yakachengeteka uye, mukuwedzera, ine zviratidzi zveakanyanya kufadza mapoinzi.

Suomenlinna Mufananidzo

Suomenlinna

Sibelius Park

Inowanikwa munzvimbo ye Töölö uye pamucheto pegungwa, ndiyo inonyanya kuzivikanwa nzvimbo yakasvibirira muHelsinki. Mariri, iwe unozoshamiswa neakakura monument yakatsaurwa kuFinland violinist Jean sibelius. Inogadzirwa nemakumi mashanu emakumi masere machubhu esimbi ayo, kana mhepo ichivhuvhuta, inoburitsa mumhanzi wakakosha.

Chiteshi cheRautatientori

Ndiyo huru yekuwana guta kuburikidza nechitima. Asi pamusoro pezvose, inokosha kuvaka art nouveau Yakavhurwa muna1919. Yakashongedzwa nematoni akasvibira, shongwe huru yewachi uye zvidhori zvina zvikuru pamusuwo waro mukuru zvinoonekera.

Mamwe machechi

MuHelsinki mune makereke maviri anoda kuziva. Imwe ndeye Kampi Chapel yekunyarara, iri muNarinkka Square. Iyo yakavakwa mumatanda uye ine oval chimiro, asi chinonyanya kukosha nezvazvo, chaizvo, kusavapo kweruzha runokukoka kuti udzokere.

Uye imwe ndiyo iyo temppeliaukio chechi, ane mukati mayo akacherwa padombo uye akavhenekerwa nemahwindo. Yayo inoshamisa acoustics inoita kuti ive yakaenzana yakakodzera kubata makonzati.

Mamiziyamu

Guta guru reFinnish zvakare rinokupa iwe yakanaka mamuseum, ayo ari kunakidza. Pakati pavo iyo Atheneum kana miziyamu yeclassical art. Iyo ine yakanakisa muunganidzwa wemifananidzo. Uye, sekuda kuziva, isu tinokuudza kuti yaive yekutanga art gallery kuve nebasa naVan Gogh. Chinhu chinonyanya kushamisa ndechekuti akazvitenga kubva kumuteresi kweanosvika mazana mana euros.

Chivakwa cheAteneum

Atheneum

Iwe unofanirwa kushanyira iyo Contemporary Art Museum. Asi, zvimwe zvekutanga ndizvo naSeurasaari, nzvimbo yemadzinza inoratidza kuti hupenyu hwaive hwakaita sei kuFinnns pakati pezana remakore rechiXNUMX nerechiXNUMX; iyo ChiFinnish Nyika, pane nhoroondo yenyika; Dhizaini y iyo ine submarines.

Isu tinofanirwa kutaura takaparadzaniswa nekusiyana kwayo kweiyo Amosi Rex, uko hunyanzvi hwemazuva ano hunoratidzwawo. Asi iwe unozowana zvakatowanda mavambo mune ayo ekunze chitarisiko. Iwo makamuri ari epasi pevhu uye chinhu chega chinoonekwa imhando huru yezvigadziko zvinoshandira kupinza mwenje uye izvo, pakutanga kuona, iwe hauzive chaizvo kwavanobva.

Kutenga muHelsinki

Guta guru reFinland harisi rakachipa. Asi parwendo rwese tinoda kuunza ndangariro. Munzvimbo yeDiana park uye kutenderedza nzvimbo yekutengesa yeForamu mune zvitoro zvakawanda zvinotengesa zvese zvese, kubva mufashoni kusvika kumimhanzi kusvika kune zvigadzirwa zvehunyanzvi.

Yakanyanya nzvimbo yekutengesa iri zvakare iyo Esplendi avenue, chimwe cheakanaka kwazvo muguta nekuda kwezvivakwa zvaro zvakakura uye kufamba kwaro kwenguva refu. Iyo zvakare ine yakawanda nhamba yezvitoro nemakamuri ane masitepisi.

Asi iyo nzvimbo iyo iwe yaunowana yakanyanya zviyeuchidzo ndiyo ingangove iyo Stockmann yekutenga nzvimbo, uko kune kunyange maposcards uye mapanga akagadzirwa nemhembwe dzemhembwe. Sechido, isu tinokuudza iwe kuti mamwe madhipatimendi ezvitoro akabatanidzwa netunnel kudzivirira vatengi kubva mukubuda kunze. Icho chinhu chinokosheswa munguva yechando, apo kutonhora kuri kunyanya kudzvanya. Zvisinei, kutaurwa kwakasiyana kunofanirwa kuitwa kwemisika yemugwagwa.

Uspenski Cathedral

Uspenski Cathedral

Markets

Kana iwe ukashanyira Helsinki, iwe unofanirwa zvakare kusvika pakuziva misika inozivikanwa uye kunyudza hupenyu hwezuva nezuva hweguta. Iyo inonyanya kukosha kunze ndeye the Kauppatori, iyo iri muPaza del Ayuntamiento, chivakwa chakanaka neoclassical.

Saizvozvo, zvakakodzera kuona iyo Musika Wekare, muchivara chimwe chete asi chakafukidzwa. Inowanikwa mune yeXNUMXth century chivakwa uye kunyanya inotengesa zvigadzirwa zvekudya. Chimwe chinhu chazvino asi zvakaenzana chaizvo ndeye naHakaniemi.

Saunas

Tinogona kukuudza kuti chaifarirwa neFinnns sauna, chimwe chinhu chavanogovana nevagari vedzimwe nyika dzeNordic senge Suecia. Izvo zvinonzi kune imwechete yevatatu vagari venyika. MuHelsinki une huwandu hwayo hwakawanda uye zvakare ari emarudzi ese, kubva pahutsi hwetsika kusvika kuchando. Uye, muguta, mune kunyange zuva resauna, nekuwana mahara kune wese munhu. Saka kana iwe ukashanyira Helsinki uye usingaende kune imwe, rwendo rwako runenge rusina kukwana.

Helsinki nharaunda

Iwe zvakare uchawana anoshamisa nzvimbo dzakatenderedza Finnish capital Ndiyo nyaya ye Nuuksio uye Sipoonkorpi mapaki epanyama. Iri zvakare padhuze Turku, iro guta rekare renyika, kwaunofanirwa kuona yayo inoshamisa XNUMXth century castle.

Kune chikamu chayo, iyo yepakati nhoroondo ye Rauma, yakaumbwa nedzimba dzekare dzemapuranga uye dzimba dzakanaka Nhaka Yenyika. Uye, kana iwe ukaenda kuHelsinki muzhizha, guta riri kumahombekombe riri Pori. Chekupedzisira, kune vadiki, iwe unayo iyo Moomin nyika, Paki yekuvaraidza ndiyo chivako che mumins, ayo anonakidza eScandinavia trolls.

Turku castle

Turku castle

Mamiriro ekunze muguta guru reFinland

Helsinki anopa a Mamiriro ekunze anodziya. Nguva yechando inotonhora zvakanyanya kunyangwe, nekuda kwekukanganiswa kweBaltic neGulf Stream, kwete kutonhora semamwe maguta mumativi akafanana. Chero zvazvingaitika, zviri nyore kusvika ku -5 degrees Celsius uye kunyangwe kwemavhiki mashoma pagore pa -20.

Uye zvakare, iwe unofanirwa kurangarira kuti, panguva yakanaka chikamu chechando, mazuva asingasviki maawa matanhatu. Pane kudaro, muzhizha kune anosvika maawa gumi nemapfumbamwe ezuva nezuva. Iwo matembiricha mumwaka uno wekupedzisira anofadza, ari pakati pe19 ne21 degrees. Kune ese aya zvikonzero, akanakisa mazuva ekufamba kuenda kuHelsinki ari mumwedzi ye Chikunguru, Nyamavhuvhu naSeptember.

Helsinki gastronomy

Chikafu cheFinland kazhinji uye Helsinki kunyanya haina kumbosiyana neyedu sezvaungafunge. Hapana hove inoputa kana yakabikwa kana yakaviriswa nyama ye shark. Iyo tastier zvakanyanya kupfuura zvese izvo.
El Reno ine basa rakakurumbira mune gastronomy yeHelsinki. Zviviri zvakajairika madhishi ake ndeaya Poronkarstys, chikafu chine nyama kubva kumhuka iyi ichiperekedzwa nembatatisi yakakwenenzverwa uye jamu rebhuruu. Uye iyo poronkieli, Iyo yakagadzirirwa kubva kune reindeer rimi.

Kune rumwe rutivi, chinyisa Zvingave zvakaenzana neyedu hors d'oeuvres. Asi, pamusoro pehove, charcuterie uye nyama, ine miriwo uye saradhi. Zvakare, zvakafanana neyedu empanadas ndiwo ma kukko, Rye chingwa chakazara nehove kana mbatatisi, uye iyo lihapiirakka, iyo ine musanganiswa wenyama yakakangwa, hanyanisi, magaka uye masitadhi.

Kana chiri chingwa, rye rakakurisa, iro rinoitwa neinovava mukanyiwa. Uye, maererano nemadhizeti, sinamoni rolls kana korvapuusti and the mustikkapiirakka, inova bhabheriji pie.

Kwezvikafu zvishoma, vagari vemuHelsinki vanenge vakapindwa muropa nedhiringi liquorice kana salmiakki kale karjalan, mamwe makeke eupfu nemupunga kana mbatatisi. Uye, kunwa, iyo piima, mukaka wakavira wauchada. Kune chikamu chayo, mvura yacho yakanaka kwazvo munyika. Asi, kunyangwe zvichibva pombi, ivo vachakubhadharira izvo. Ehezve, zvinongoda chete nezve makumi mashanu emadhora masendi jug. Uye doro rinodhura, kunze kwerudzi rwehwahwa husina kana kahwo.

Helsinki tramu

Helsinki Tram

Maitiro ekutenderera guta guru reFinland

Kuti usvike kuHelsinki kubva kunhandare yendege, une rwonzi kubva kunhandare yendege Finnair izvo zvinokutora iwe munenge hafu yeawa uye uyo tikiti rinodhura angasvika manomwe maeuro. Kukusiya iwe kuchiteshi chechitima.

Kamwe yaiswa, iwe unofarira kuziva kuti guta rine rakanakisa ruzhinji rwekutakura system saka zvichave nyore kwauri kuti utenderere pariri. Pane yakanaka nhamba ye mitsara yebhazi iyo inobatanidza iro guta rese uye rinoshanda kubva mangwanani-ngwanani kusvika 12 manheru.

Kune zvakare a bhazi revashanyi izvo zvinoita kutenderera kweguta kwemaawa angangoita maviri. Saizvozvo, ine mutsetse unoshanda we metro iyo inobatanidza chikamu chekumabvazuva kweguta nepakati uye a ferry izvo zvinozokuendesa kuSuomenlinna.

Asi ivo vakajairika vevashambadziro muHelsinki ndeavo trams. Muchokwadi, ndiyo nzira yaHelsinguins yekufarira yekutenderera. Kune mitsara gumi nematatu inotenderera pakati pe5.45 mangwanani uye gumi nemaviri husiku ichibatanidza nharaunda dzese dzeguta.

Mukupedzisa, Helsinki akanaka hazvizivikanwe kune vekuMadokero. Asi ine zvakawanda zvekukupa iwe: yakanaka yakawanda inoyevedza mamaki uye mamuseum, gastronomy yakasiyana neyedu asiwo zvinonaka netsika dzinozokushamisa iwe. Iwe unotsunga kuishanyira?


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