Krakow

Maonero e krakow

Krakow

Iine makore anopfuura chiuru enhoroondo uye anodarika imwe ngano, Krakow iguta rakanakisa. Muzana ramakore rechiXNUMX yakasarudzwa iro guta guru rePoland ne Casimir Ini iye Anovandudza uye zvakaitika kuva munharaunda yekutanga yechiKristu yenyika. Pakutanga sezana ramakore rechi1364 rakava muzinda wezvematongerwo enyika, zveupfumi, zvetsika uye nesainzi, nekuvambwa kwayo yunivhesiti muXNUMX.

Zvisinei, gare gare uye kwemazana emakore anoverengeka, guta rakatambura nemakakatanwa pakati pevaRussia, maPrussia, maSweden neAustria, vachipfuura kanoverengeka kubva mumaoko eumwe kuenda kune mumwe. Nechekare muzana rapfuura, Poland yakadzoreredza hutongi hwayo uye Krakow rakava guta rechipiri renyika mushure meguta rayo. Warsaw.

Mhedzisiro yeiyo yakareba uye dzimwe nguva inoshamisa nhoroondo ndeye yakakosha yakaoma iyo iyo yainokupa iwe. Iri iboka rakakura kwazvo rezvivakwa rakanangana kunyanya munzvimbo yayo yenhoroondo, yakaziviswa Nhaka Yenyika naUNESCO muna 1978, kwaunogona kuona, kazhinji kusanganiswa, akajeka masampuli eGothic, Renaissance uye Baroque art. Kana iwe uchida kuziva Krakow, tinokukoka iwe ubatane nesu.

Chii chaungaona muKrakow

Akayambuka ne Vistula Rwizi, Krakow inogamuchira vanopfuura mamirioni masere vashanyi pagore. Kwete pasina, inofungidzirwa nenyanzvi rimwe remaguta akanaka kwazvo, kwete muEurope chete, asi zvakare pasirese. Isu tichaenda kuziva iro rakapfuma rakakura nhaka.

Krakow Historic Center kana Stare Miasto

Tinogona kukuudza izvozvo Tarisa Miasto, sekuzivikanwa kwenzvimbo inozivikanwa yeKrakow, yakakamurwa kuita zvikamu zvitatu, imwe neimwe inonakidza uye yausingakwanise kupotsa.

Maonero eLonja de las Pañerías

Drapery Market

Guta reMiddle Ages

Yekutanga uye yepakati zvakanyanya iri Medieval Guta, rine musimboti wayo rynek square, yakavakwa muzana ramakore regumi nematatu uye iyo, nemamita angangoita mazana maviri padivi, ndiyo hombe muEurope. Nekudaro, pakati payo unogona kuona izvo zvinonzi Drapery Market, yakanaka Renaissance kuvaka. Uye, muchikamu chayo chekumabvazuva, iwe uchawana iyo basilica yeSanta Maria, inoyevedza chechi yezana ramakore rechiXNUMX iyo inomira kunze kune yayo Gothic maitiro uye tsvuku-yakapendwa façade.

Zvimwe zviyeuchidzo zvaunofarira kuona muRynek Square ndicho chifananidzo che adam miciewicz, mudetembi mukuru wekuPoland wekudanana; iyo Town Hall shongwe, ane chitarisiko chinoratidzika kunge mapatya echechi yambotaurwa; iyo Chechi yeKukwidzwa kweMukadzi Wedu, uye Gothic, uye kuvaka kwe Jagiellonian University, zvakare kubva muzana ramakore regumi nemana.

Wawel Chikomo

Nzvimbo yechipiri yekufarira mukati enhoroondo yepakati yeKrakow iWawel Hill, iyo kwemazana emakore yakagara pakati pesimba muPoland. Mariri, iwe unonyanya kuwana matombo matatu. Iyo Cathedral yeSaint Wenceslas uye Saint Stanislaus Inoonekwa senzvimbo huru munyika yese. Yakavakwa muzana ramakore rechi18 pasi pechivakwa cheGothic, gumi nemasere Renaissance chapel akawedzerwa mazana maviri emakore gare gare. Pakati peizvi, ine kukosha kwakakosha iyo yaSigismund ini, inova yepamusoro yeRenaissance muPoland.

Kune chikamu chayo, the Wawel Royal Inhare, zvakare kubva muzana ramakore regumi nemana, chivakwa chinoshamisa cheRomeesque neGothic iyo inomuka ichitenderedza chivharo chepakati. Kwanga kuri kwekugara kwemadzimambo ePoland kwenguva yakareba uye unogona kuishanyira. Muchokwadi, inogara yakaisvonaka art Museum iine yakatanhamara muunganidzwa weRenaissance pendi uye akakosha mabasa evapfuri vegoridhe, maceramics uye kunyange yekumabvazuva art.

Yechitatu monument ndiyo chechi yeSan Andrés iyo, yakavakwa muzana ramakore regumi nerimwe maererano nemaRoma canon, ndechimwe chezvivakwa zvekare muKrakow. Kunze kwekuve kereke, yaive nhare, sezvinoonekwa nekuvhurika kwayo kwekudzivirira.

Wawel Castle

Wawel Royal Inhare

Kazimierz

Iyi yenyuchi yepakati yaive chikamu chevaJudha kubva kuMiddle Ages kusvika pakapera Hondo Yenyika Yechipiri. Kubva panguva iyoyo ivo vakagara masinagogi akaita saRemu kana Kupah. Nekudaro, kune zvimwe zvivakwa. Pakati pavo iyo ramparts kubva muzana ramakore regumi nemana; iyo machechi eSanta Caterina y yeSan Estanislao, Gothic yekutanga uye baroque yechipiri, kana iyo Corpus Christie basilica.

Nezve iyo yekupedzisira pane inoshamisa nyaya. Sezviri pachena mumwe munhu akaba kuchengetwa kweChechi yeVatsvene vasina mhosva achifunga kuti yaive goridhe. Achiziva kuti yaive yendarira, akaisiya mumatope eKazimierz. Asi nguva pfupi yapfuura, chinhu ichi chakatanga kuburitsa inoshamisa bhuruu mwenje. Tichifunga izvi uye nekuregerera kusazvipira kwembavha, King Casimir III akavaka Basilica yeCorpus Christie. Mune izvi, iwe unofanirwa kubhadhara zvakanyanya kune inoshamisa nhengo, kwaya uye kuda kuziva Baroque pulpiti.

Chekupedzisira, muStare Miasto unogona kurasika mumigwagwa yakatetepa inoumba iyo Royal Maira kana zvimwe chikamu chenhoroondo icho. Ino zvakare inzvimbo ine akawanda mabhawa, maresitorendi uye zvitoro zvekuyeuchidza.

Podgorze Dunhu

Kana iyo yapfuura yaive yevaJudha nhoroondo yekota yeKrakow, dunhu iri rakagara ghetto reguta rino rakagadzirwa naHitler muna 1941. Unogona kuona mariri zvisaririra zvemadziro zvakaparadzanisa nzvimbo kubva kune rimwe guta. Asi nzvimbo mbiri dzinomira muPodgorze: iyo Bohaterów square, kwakasarudzwa vanhu vaizoendeswa kumisasa yevasungwa, uye Fekitori yaOskar Schindler, kwakashanda maJuda uye nekutenda kune mazana avo vakaponeswa.

Pamwe chete nezviri pamusoro, iwe unogona zvakare kuona mudunhu rino iyo machechi aSt Benedict, kubvira muzana ramakore rechi XNUMX, uye kubva kuSan jose, Neo-gothic tembere; iyo Kondo chemishonga, kwakavanzikawo maJuda uye nhasi uno iri miziyamu, uye vanoda kuziva Krakus kuviga murwi. Iyo yekupedzisira murwi uko, sekureva kwenhoroondo, Muchinda Krakus, anova ndiye muvambi weKrakow, akavigwa.

Iyo Corpus Christie basilica

Basilica yeCorpus Christi

Krakow Museums

Iwe unogona zvakare kushanyira mamuseum mazhinji muPoland guta senge Ethnographic, iyo Archaeological kana iyo Urban Injiniya. Asi, nekuda kwekuda kuziva, pane zviviri zvaunofanira kuona. Imwe ndeye Czartoryski miziyamu, Yakagadzirwa nemuchindakadzi wezita rimwechete muna 1796 uye ndeipi dzimba, pakati pezvimwe zvishongo, pendi naLeonardo da Vinci yainzi 'The Lady with the Ermine'. Uye imwe ndiyo iyo Polish Aviation Museum, ine huwandu hwakawanda hwendege kunyangwe kubva Hondo Yenyika Yekutanga.

Planty Park

Mushure mekuona zvishamiso zvakakura kwazvo, mhepo shoma nyowani inokuitira zvakanaka. Wakakomberedza guta rekare reKrakow une iyo Planty Park, yakakura nzvimbo 21 mahekita enzvimbo dzegirini. Yakagadzirwa pakutanga kwezana ramakumi maviri emakore apo rusvingo rwekare rwakaparadzwa. Nekudaro, iwe uchiri kugona kuona zvikamu zvacho munzvimbo senge Gedhi raFlorián and the Barbican. Iyo yekupedzisira ishongwe yakanaka yekudzivirira kubva muzana ramakore rechiXNUMX ine denderedzwa chirongwa uye shongwe dzinoverengeka.

Kunze kweKrakow

Munharaunda dzeKrakow pane nzvimbo mbiri dzaunofanira kuona. Imwe ndeye Musasa wevasungwa weAuschwitz, chiitiko cheHolocaust yechiJudha panguva yekutonga kweGerman kwePoland. Iko parizvino yakachengetedzwa mune yakakwana mamiriro uye inogona kushanyirwa Zvisinei, chiitiko chakaoma kwazvo, saka hachina kukodzera munhu wese. Chero zvazvingaitika, inzvimbo yakakurisa nhoroondo.

Imwe saiti iwe yaunofanirwa kuona ndeye iyo miniti yemunyu yeWieliczka, iyo inobata chikamu che Nhaka Yenyika. Iko hakuna asingasviki mazana matatu emakiromita emahara epasi pevhu maari mune, yega yega nhambwe, dzimba dzekunamatira nemakamuri. Mune izvi iwe uchaona zvivezwa zvakavezwa zvinoshanda semufananidzo wenhoroondo yemigodhi. Nzira yevashanyi yaunogona kuita inosanganisira anenge makiromita mana ematanera ane makamuri makumi maviri nemaviri, mamwe aine dzimba dzepasi pevhu. Pakati pemakamuri panoshamisira kunoshamisa Chapel yeSt. Kinga, Makumi makumi mashanu nemana pakureba uye yakashongedzwa nemifananidzo yakagadzirwa kubva munyu pachawo.

Iyo Chapel yeSaint Kinga

Chapel yeSaint Kinga

Ndezvipi zvirinani kuenda kuKrakow

Mamiriro ekunze muguta rePoland musanganiswa wekondinendi uye yegungwa. Nguva yechando inotonhora chaizvo uye kazhinji nechando. Semuenzaniso, muna Ndira avhareji tembiricha ingangoita madhigirii mashanu pazasi zero, iine dzakakwirira imwe chete pamusoro pe zero.

Pane kudaro, zhizha zvakanaka uye kunyange kudziya. Muna Chikunguru na Nyamavhuvhu, mavhareji akanyanya anenge madhigirii makumi maviri nematatu uye iwo madiki ari gumi nematatu. Zvisinei, chinhu chakaipisisa pamamiriro ekunze eKrakow ndechekuti Mvura. Mwedzi wega wega kune avhareji yemazuva gumi nemaviri ekunaya kwemvura.

Kubva pane zvese izvi, mazuva akanakisa ekuenda kuguta rePoland ari chirimo nekudonha. Iwo tembiricha ari anonakidza kupfuura munguva yechando uye hapana huwandu hwakawanda hwevashanyi senge muzhizha.

Chii chokudya muguta rePoland

Iyo gastronomy yeguta rePoland imhedzisiro yehupenyu hwakaomarara hwenyika, dzimwe nguva hunodzorwa nevaRussia uye dzimwe nguva nemaGerman. Nekudaro, inopa zvinhu zvemakicheni enyika mbiri idzi zvataurwa uye zvakare zveHungary, Turkish, Armenian, French neJuda.

Kuti unakirwe neiyi gastronomy, unogona kutanga kudya kwako ne zurek, muto weupfu we rye nenyama, kana ne zupa pomidorawa, zvakare muto asi mune iyi tomato, pasita, mupunga nemiriwo. Iwe unogona zvakare kusarudza iyo pierogi, nyama kana chizi madomasi ane mbatatisi.

Paunenge uchihodha kosi huru, iwe unayo goulash kana nyama yenguruve, paprika nehanyanisi. Iyewo bigos.

Ndiro yezurek

Zurek

Kana zviri zvekudyiwa, une iyo oscypek, kusvuta hwai chezi; iyo obvarzanet, mamwe mabhero anonaka; iyo papal cream keke; the sernick kana cheesecake uye iyo torcik piscyngier. Iwe unogona zvakare kuperekedza izvi zvese neyakaisvonaka doro rePoland.

Kune rimwe divi, iwe unozofarira kuziva hunhu hweKrakow izvo zvinokubatsira iwe kudya zvakachipa. Izvo ndezve izvo zvinonzi mukaka mabhawa kana mamoleczny mabhawa, nzvimbo dzinoshandira chikafu chechinyakare uye chinokurumidza nemutengo mukuru.

Kusvika sei

El Juan Pablo II International Airport iri makiromita gumi nerimwe kubva kuguta. Ndiyo yechipiri pakukura muPoland uye inogashira ndege kubva kumatunhu ese epasi. Kuti ubve pairi uchienda kuKrakow une matekisi, asi haasi akadhura.

Pane kudaro, unogona kutora iyo Balice Express chitima, iyo inoita nzendo imwe hafu yeawa, inotora ingangoita maminetsi makumi maviri uye inodhura maeuro maviri chete. Iko kune zvakare mabhazi nemutengo wakafanana. Chinhu chakadzikira kune izvi ndechekuti vanotora nguva yakareba, ingangoita maminetsi makumi matatu.

Kune rimwe divi, unogona kuenda kuguta rePoland nechitima, kwete kubva kuSpain, asi kubva pakati peEurope. Chiteshi chikuru ndeche Krakow Glowny, iyo iri munzvimbo yakanaka, sezvo iri padyo padyo nenzvimbo yenhoroondo. Zvitima zvinosvika ikoko kubva kune dzimwe nzvimbo dzePoland uye zvakare kubva kuVienna, Budapest kana Prague. Balice Express iyo inouya kubva kuairport ichakusiya iwe kuchiteshi.

Mukupedzisa, Krakow iri rimwe remaguta akanaka kwazvo muEurope. Iyo ine yakawandisa nhoroondo, inoyevedza monumental nhaka uye kunyange dzimwe nzvimbo dzinotyisa dzinozokuyeuchidza nezve zvinosiririsa zvakapfuura zveOkare Continent. Kana kune izvi zvese iwe ukawedzera chinonaka gastronomy, iwe uchaona kuti pane zvikonzero zvakakwana zvekuti iwe urongedze mabhegi ako.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Iva wekutanga kutaura

Siya yako yekutaura

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