Litso tsa prehispanic

Litso tsa prehispanic

Makholo a litso tsa prehispanic 'me tsoelo-pele e mengata ea mantlha e se e hlahile sebakeng se seholo sa kontinenteng ea Amerika. Ho bonahala ho na le tumellano ea hore litso tse nkoang e le tsa maemo a holimo pele ho Columbian li hlahile Mesoamerica le Andes, ke Anasazi, Mexica, Tolteca, Teotihuacana, Zapoteca, Olmeca, Maya, Muisca, Cañaris, Moche, Nazca, Chimú, Inca le Tiahuanaco hara ba bang..

Kaofela ha bona e ne e le mekhatlo e nang le litsamaiso tse rarahaneng tsa mokhatlo oa lipolotiki le sechaba 'me ho bona re setse le lifaele tsa lineano tsa bona tsa bonono le litumelo tsa bona tsa bolumeli. K'honthinenteng eohle, tsoelo-pele ea sechaba le setso e ne e le litaba tsa bohlokoa joalo ka taolo ea tikoloho kapa mekhatlo ea pele ea demokrasi ea molaotheo e ile ea ntlafatsoa. Ee, ha o ntse o e bala, demokrasi e ne e le teng ho feta Athene.

Tse ling tsa liqapi kapa likarolo tsa setso tse ntlafalitseng ka lehlakoreng le leng la hemisphere le Atlantic ke khalendara, mekhoa ea ntlafatso ea liphatsa tsa lefutso ea poone le litapole, meaho e khahlano le litšisinyeho tsa lefatše, litsamaiso tsa nosetso, ho ngola, tšepe e tsoetseng pele le tlhahiso ea masela. Tsoelo-pele ea pre-Columbian le eona e ne e tseba lebili, empa e ne e se na thuso haholo, ka lebaka la sebopeho sa naha le meru eo ba neng ba lula ho eona, empa e ne e sebelisetsoa ho etsa lintho tsa ho bapala.

Ka kakaretso ba ne ba e-na le boemo bo phahameng ba nts'etsopele ho aheng litempele le liemahale tsa bolumeli, e le mehlala e hlakileng libaka tse tsebahalang tsa baepolli ba lintho tsa khale tsa Caral, Chavín, Moche, Pachacámac, Tiahuanaco, Cuzco, Machu Picchu le Nazca, Central Andes; le Teotihuacan, ramotse oa Templo, Tajín, Palenque, Tulum, Tikal, Chichén-Itzá, Monte Albán, Mesoamerica.

Kamora lintlha tsena tse akaretsang ke tsoela pele ho qaqisa ho hong ka tse ling tsa litso tsa bohlokoahali tsa prehispanic.

Amerika pele ho batho ba Europe, litso tsa pele ho Sepanishe

Ha re nahana ka pre-Columbian kapa pre-Hispanic America, mantsoe a mabeli ao re tloaetseng ho a sebelisa joalo ka mantsoe a tšoanang, empa leha ho le joalo a na le mekhahlelo ea ona, re lula re ea ho 'Muso oa Inca, Mayas le Maaztec, leha ho le joalo ka morao (kapa pele, ho latela chebahalo) ea litso tsena tsa bohlokoa ho na le tse ling tse ngata.

Joalokaha u ka inahanela Nako pele Amerika e etsoa kolone ho tloha ha batho ba pele ba fihla, ho tloha Asia ho ea fihla Bering le phetohelo ea Neolithic, ho fihlela ha Columbus a fihla ka 1492. Hape mohopolong oa rona o kopaneng re nahana ka Amerika Bohareng le Boroa, ha e le hantle hape ke hobane lichaba le batho ba Amerika Leboea e ne e le bo-hloma-u-hlomole.

Tloaelo ea prehispanic ea Colombia

Pele Masepanishe a fihla, sebaka sa seo hona joale e leng Colombia se ne se na le mefuta e mengata ea matsoalloa, leha ba sa tsejoe joalo ka ba neng ba lula libakeng tse ling tsa Amerika Boroa kapa Amerika Bohareng, ba bile le nts'etsopele ea bohlokoa ho boemo ba bonono le setso.

Ho ea ka liphuputso tse entsoeng ke bo-rahistori ba bangata ho theosa le lilemo, ho fihletsoe hore libaka tse tharo tse kholo tsa lipuo li ne li lula Colombia, Chibchas, Caribe le Arawak, moo merabe e mengata e nang le maleme le lipuo tse fapaneng e neng e le ea eona.

Lelapa la puo ea Chibcha

E ne e lula libakeng tse phahameng tsa lithaba tsa Bochabela, savanna ea Bogotá le matsoapo a linoka tse ling tsa Lithota tsa Bochabela, merabe e latelang e ne e le ea lelapa lena: Arhuacos le Taironas (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Muiscas (Central Andean Region) , Tunebos (Casanare), Andaquíes (Caquetá), Pastos le Quillacingas (lebatowa le ka borwa), Guambianos le Paeces (Cauca).

La Lelapa la puo ea Caribbean

E tsoa leboea la Brazil, ba feta sebaka sa Venezuela, Antilles, mme ho tloha moo, ba fihla lebopong la Atlantic, moo ba ileng ba fallela libakeng tse ling tsa naha. Meloko e latelang e ne e le ea lelapa lena: Turbacos, Calamares le Sinúes (Leoatle la Atlantic), Quimbayas (Central Mountain Range), Pijaos (Tolima, Antiguo Caldas), Muzos le Panches (Lands of Santander, Boyacá le Cundinamarca), Calimas (Valle del Cauca), Motilones (Norte de Santander), Chocoes (Leoatle la Pacific).

Lelapa la Puo ea Arawak

Ba ile ba kena Colombia ka noka ea Orinoco 'me ba lula libakeng tse fapaneng tsa sebaka seo. Meloko e latelang e ne e le ea lelapa lena: Guahíbos (Llanos Orientales), Wayus kapa Guajiros (Guajira), Piapocos (Bajo Guaviare), Ticunas (Amazonas).

Litloaelo tsa prehispanic tsa Mexico

Maya

Ha e le sehlohlolong, mmuso oa Mayan o kenyeletsa Meso America eohle. Ba ile ba lula merung ea Guatemala, karolo ea Yucatan, Mexico, Honduras bophirima le El Salvador. Ke nako e lipakeng tsa lilemo tsa 300 le 900 tsa mehla ea rona moo ba tsejoang e le Nako ea Khale, 'me ka tšohanyetso, e' ngoe ea liphiri tse kholo, sehlohlolong sa eona, ba ile ba oa 'me ba nyamela, likhopolo-taba tsa morao-rao ntlheng ena li bua ka ts'ilafalo ea metsi e le sesosa se bakileng hore letsatsi le likele.

Lilemo tse makholo a mabeli hamorao Chichén Itzá ba ile ba hlaha hape, empa e ne e se e ntse e le sechaba se fokolang ho feta. Ma Mayane e ne e le litsebi tse hloahloa tsa mahlale le bonono, ba na le boiphihlelo ba ho loha lintho tse entsoeng ka lekhoba la k'hothone le agave.

Meaho ea eona e nkuoa e le e phethahetseng ka ho fetesisa lefatšeng le lecha, e nang le mekhabiso ea litsoantso, metako le openwork. Ho joalo le ka bongoli bo fetang lingoliloeng tsohle tsa Amerika. Har'a litoropo tse ngata tsa Mesoamerica tse thehileng tse bohlokoa le tseo lithako tsa tsona li ntseng li le teng Tikal merung ea Guatemala le Chichén Itzá e Yucatán Mexico.

Tloaelo e 'ngoe e kholo eo re khethollang naha ea Amerika Bohareng ka eona batho ba Maaztec ba neng ba busa bohareng le boroa ba Mexico ea kajeno lipakeng tsa lekholo la leshome le metso e mene la lilemo le la leshome le metso e tšeletseng. Ke batho bao, ka lilekane tsa sesole le lihlopha tse ling le baahi, ba nang le boiphihlelo ba kholo. Kamora lefu la Moctezuma II ka 1520, bofokoli ba 'muso ona o moholo bo ile ba senoloa, bo nkiloe kholisong eo e potlakileng, e ileng ea nolofalletsa Spain, e etelletsoeng pele ke Hernán Cortés, ho hapa' muso ona o moholo. Mesebetsi ea moruo oa tsoelopele ena e ne e le temo le khoebo.

Litloaelo tsa prehispanic tsa Peru

Perú

Ho phahama ha Incas ho qalile lekholong la boXNUMX la lilemo, qetellong, ha moloko o monyane o lula phuleng ea Cuzco, Peru, mme o theha motse-moholo oa bona. Ho tloha moo ba hlōla meloko e meng kaofela ho fihlela e e-ba 'muso o moholo oo litloaelo tsa bona, litšōmo le maikutlo a bona a lefatše li ntseng li le teng bathong ba bang ba kontinenteng. E 'ngoe ea lintho tse hohelang tlhokomelo ea Mmuso ona ke hore o thehiloe ka lilemo tse 50. Puo ea eona ea molao e ne e le Sequechua. Mme mesebetsi ea bona ea moruo e ne e ipapisitse le temo, ho tsoma le ho tšoasa litlhapi, khoebo le meepo.
Pele ke phethela, ke rata ho le hopotsa hore leha Incas, Mayas le Maaztec e bile tsoelo-pele e neng e e-na le mesaletsa le bohlokoa bo fetisisang, e ne e se batho ba phetseng nakong eohle ea kholo ea bona, ebile e ne e se bona feela.


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

Maikutlo a 13, siea ea hau

Siea maikutlo a hau

aterese ya hao ya imeile ke ke ho phatlalatswa.

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  1.   lizeth bonilla a re

    ena ke mahareng mahareng khafetsa

  2.   JULIANA ANDREA ARBOLEDA LONDOÑO a re

    MOKHOA OA MOLEMO LI SOKA O NTHUSITSE JOANG

  3.   andres a re

    uiiop`p` + `` + poliyuhu6yu6ytrftr

  4.   emily yolany a re

    Ke ile ka potoloha hanyane empa kea leboha
    Ke ts'epa hore sena se potoloha ho ba bang

  5.   Leidy Morales a re

    kea leboha u se ke oa lahleheloa ke sechaba

    1.    Leidy Morales a re

      mme o kopise tsohle

  6.   Karen Tatiana a re

    oh ha ho makatse hore ebe e ntle hoo e entseng hore ke batle ho hoeletsa hahahahahaha

  7.   Daniel Felipe Montero a re

    E ntle haholo, ena ke nalane eohle ea pele ho Colombia

  8.   Mauricio a re

    Ke ne ke hloka moetlo

  9.   kotsi 68 a re

    u se ke oa ngola ntho eo e seng ea nnete banana bao ba tsoa Argentina le Bolivia ha ba tsoe Colombia

  10.   yurani a re

    Hona ha ho hotle empa leha ho le joalo mosuoe o ile a nketsetsa hantle sechabeng =)

  11.   Johanne 33 a re

    Meetlo eohle ea Amerika ea Pele ho Masepanishe e bitsoa eng

  12.   jeronimo a re

    hantle haholo mpholose hore ho fanyeha