Li-Cordilleras tsa Colombia

Haeba ka letsatsi le leng u batla ho tsamaea le ho fumana libaka tse ntle ka ho fetesisa polaneteng, u se ke oa tsilatsila haholo mme u lokisetse leeto la ho ea tseba Cordilleras ea Colombia. Lithaba tsa Andes ke mokoloko oa lithaba o makatsang ka ho fetesisa ebile o bohlokoa Latin America mme o arola sebaka sa Colombian ho ba makala a mararo a ikemetseng: Cordillera Bophirimela, Central Cordillera le Eastern Cordillera.

Cordillera de los Andes e kena Colombia ka karolo e ka boroa-bophirima ea naha mme e arotsoe ka liketane tse peli: Western Cordillera le Central Cordillera. Central Mountain Range e arola makala a mabeli ho Massif ea Colombian kapa Almaguer's Nude, e hlahisang Mokoloko oa Thaba ea Bochabela. Seo ho thoeng ke Pacific Ring of Fire le sona se tumme haholo hobane se entsoe ka libaka tse ngata tse foqohang seretse se chesang 'me se fumaneha sebakeng sena. Seretse se chesang sa Galeras se haufi le toropo ea Pasto le Nevado del Ruiz eo hape e leng seretse se chesang e tumme ka tšebetso ea bona ea haufinyane.

Mokoloko oa lithaba ke eng?

Cordillera

Pele re bona hore na ke lithaba life tsa bohlokoahali ho la Colombia, ha re hlalose mokoloko oa lithaba ke eng.

Ho na le phapang efe lipakeng tsa mokoloko oa lithaba, liketane kapa sistimi ea lithaba, kapa lithaba feela ..? Ke tla leka ho u hlalosetsa eona. Haeba re ea ho bukantswe 'me re batla mokoloko oa lithaba, e o hlalosa e le: tatellano ea lithaba tse hokahantsoeng hammoho. Ka kutloisiso ena e fapane le lithaba tsa palo ea lithaba, e kholo ho feta ka har'a li-cordillera. Ha re re lithaba ke likhaohano tseo re li etsang tsa mekoloko ea lithaba.

Hore na mokoloko oa lithaba o theoa joang

Everest

Joale haeba re cheka ho teba, mme re e bona ho latela pono ea jioloji, ke tla u joetsa joalo mekoloko ea lithaba e entsoe ka libaka tse menahaneng kapa mokhahlelong o menehang. Libakeng tse atolositsoeng tse fumanehang moeling oa lik'honthinente, lisebelisoa tse ngata tsa sedimentary lia bokellana, haeba tsena li ka ba le khatello e kholo e bakoang ke ho sutumetsoa ka lehlakoreng le leng, lia mena le ho phahama, ho baka ho theoa ha liketane tsa lithaba. Ena ke tsela eo boholo ba libaka tse kholo tsa lithaba tsa k'honthinente li thehoeng, joalo ka Himalaya Asia, Andes Amerika Boroa kapa Lithaba tsa Europe.

Ts'ebetso ena ha e tsamaea, e bakang ho menahana e ka ba:

  • Ka ho thulana lipakeng tsa lipoleiti tse peli tsa kontinenteng lithosphere, poleiti e kantle ka ho fetesisa ea Lefatše, e nang le botebo bo fapaneng pakeng tsa li-kilometara tse 10 ho isa ho tse 50, ea khutsufala, e mene kapa e robehe ebe e hlahisa mekoloko ea lithaba (ka tshohanyetso, hona ho tšoana le mekoloko ea lithaba). Kahoo ho ile ha thehoa mokoloko oa lithaba tsa Himalaya, o phahameng ka ho fetisisa holimo. Lithaba tsena li namela linaheng tse 'maloa: Bhutan, Nepal, China le India mme ho eona re fumana litlhoro tse 10 ho tse leshome le metso e mene tsa bophahamo ba limithara tse fetang 8.000, tse kaholimo ho bophahamo ba leoatle ho pholletsa le lefatše.
  • Ka ho thulana, empa ka hare ho lipoleiti tse peli tsa tectonic. Li-Pyrenees li fanoa e le mohlala.
  • Ka ho thulana pakeng tsa poleiti ea leoatle le poleiti ea k'honthinente, joale mokelikeli oa leoatle oa teba. Mohlala o tloaelehileng ke lithaba tsa Andes, e leng sebaka se selelele ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng 'me ho sona re fumana lithaba tse foqohang seretse se chesang lefatšeng.

Likofuto tse sepakapakeng tse kang metsi kapa moea, hammoho le limela ka botsona le litšobotsi tsa mobu, lia kenella le ho theha mokoloko oa lithaba. Ebile Ha ho na mekoloko feela ea lithaba Lefatšeng, lipolaneteng tse ling, joalo ka Mars, hape ho na le, e tummeng ka ho fetisisa ke Tharsis.

Ho batla ho tseba, ha ho tsejoe hore na ke thaba ea khale ka ho fetesisa efe lefatšeng, empa tepui kapa tepui ke sehlopha sa lithaba tse moepa haholo, tse nang le mabota a tsepameng. Ho boleloa hore mofuta ona oa lithaba ke libopeho tsa khale ka ho fetesisa, hobane li simolohile ho Precambrian. Empa re ntse re sa tsebe ho hongata ka bokaholimo ba leoatle.

Libibele tsa metsing

Sehlekehleke sa seretse se chesang

Tmme ke buile ka mekoloko ea lithaba eo re "e bonang" empa ho boetse ho na le mekoloko ea lithaba maoatleng, ke seo ho thoeng ke maralla a leoatle, eo ehlileng e leng sistimi e pharalletseng haholo ea lithaba, e ka bang bolelele ba lik'hilomithara tse 60.000. Tsena li thehiloe ke ho fallisoa ha lipoleiti tsa tectonic.

Bolelele ba lithaba tsena tse ka tlasa metsi ke limithara tse 2.000 ho isa ho tse 3.000. Mefuta ena ea mekoloko ea lithaba e na le phomolo e matsutla-tsutla, e nang le matsoapo a pharaletseng le lithaba tse atisang ho tšoauoa ka leqhubu le tebileng la bolelele ba nako, le bitsoang sekoti kapa sekhahla, moo litšisinyeho tsa lefatše le ho phatloha ha seretse se chesang ho hlahang khafetsa. Ka methapo ena e bokellanang ka mathoko, botenya ba seretse se chesang se ntse se eketseha butle-butle.

Likarolong tse ling tsa Leoatle la Atlantic phula ena e tsamaea ka lisenthimithara tse 2 ka selemo, ha e le ka bochabela ho Pacific e tsamaea kapele, e ka bang lisenthimithara tse 14.

Lithaba tse ling tse mekhahlelong ena li phahame ka holim'a bophahamo ba leoatle mme li hlahisitse lihlekehleke tsa seretse se chesang tse kang Iceland.

Li-Cordilleras tsa Colombia

cordillera Colombia

Cordillera Bophirimela

Western Cordillera e bolelele ba likilomitara tse ka bang 1.200 'me e leba leboea ho pholletsa le naha ho tloha Nudo de los Pastos lefapheng la Nariño boroa-bophirima ho Colombia ho ea Nudo de Paramillo lefapheng la Córdoba, leboea ho naha.

Lithaba tse phahameng ka ho fetisisa Western Cordillera li - ka tatellano ea bophahamo-:

  • Cumbal Volcano: bophahamo ba limithara tse 4.764.
  • Seretse se chesang sa Chile: bophahamo ba limithara tse 4.748 XNUMX.
  • Volufano ea Azufral: bophahamo ba limithara tse 4.070.
  • Farallones de Cali: ho tloha 200 ho isa 4.280 m bophahamo.
  • Thaba ea Tatamá: bophahamo ba limithara tse 4.200.
  • Paramillo massif kapa Paramillo del Sinú: ho tloha 100 ho isa 3.960 m bophahamo.
  • Munchique Hill: 3.012 m bophahamo.

Phula ea Central Mountain

Cordillera e bohareng e tloha Nudo de Almaguer kapa Massif ea Colombian lefapheng la Cauca ho ea Serranía de San Lucas de Bolívar ka leboea ho Colombia. Ke sebaka se phahameng ka ho fetesisa sa lithaba kahara naha se nang le litlhoro tse fetang limithara tse 5.700 1.000 mme se na le bolelele ba km ea XNUMX.

Lithaba tse phahameng ka ho fetisisa Central Cordillera li - ka tatellano ea bophahamo-:

  • Nevado del Huila: bophahamo ba limithara tse 5.750.
  • Nevado del Ruiz: bophahamo ba limithara tse 5.321.
  • Nevado del Tolim: bophahamo ba limithara tse 5.216.
  • Nevado de Santa Isabel: bophahamo ba limithara tse 5.150.
  • Nevado del Cisne: bophahamo ba limithara tse 4.800 XNUMX.

Joalokaha u bona, e na le lithaba tse telele haholo hoo ho li bona u le hole ho seng ho khahlisa ka lebaka la boholo ba eona bo boholo. Ha ho pelaelo hore ke limakatso tsa tlhaho tseo Colombia e nang le lehlohonolo ho ba le tsona. Ho na le batho ba bangata ba eang thabeng ena ka sepheo sa ho tseba lithaba tsena le ho natefeloa ke botle ba tsona kaofela.

Cordillera ea Bochabela

Cordillera e ka bochabela ke sebaka se lithaba se seholo ka ho fetesisa naheng ka bolelele bo seng ka tlase ho 1.200 km. Thaba ena e tloha lefikeng la Almaguer ho ea thabeng ea Perijá, lefapheng la La Guajira, leboea-bochabela ho Colombia.

Cordillera e arotsoe ka makala a mabeli: thaba ea Motilones e namelang leboea le thaba ea Táchira e tšelang moeli o lipakeng tsa Colombia le Venezuela.

Lithaba tse phahameng ka ho fetisisa Cordillera e ka Bochabela li - ka tatellano ea bophahamo-:

  • Sierra Nevada del Cocuy: bophahamo ba limithara tse 5.330.
  • Moor oa Sumapaz: bophahamo ba limithara tse 3.820.
  • Páramo de Pisba: bophahamo ba limithara tse 3.800.
  • Sierra de Perijá: bophahamo ba limithara tse 3.750.
  • Moor oa Choachí: bophahamo ba 2.980 m.

Hape karolong e ka bochabela ea Cordillera re ka fumana lithaba tse ntle, hape e ntle haholo ebile e bohlokoa bakeng sa Colombia. Li totobetse:

  • Savota savanna: bophahamo ba limithara tse 2.600, moo toropo ea Bogotá e leng teng.
  • Sebaka sa Ubaté: bophahamo ba 2.570 m.
  • Phula ea Sogamoso: bophahamo ba limithara tse 2.570.

Lits'oants'o tsa bohlokoahali tsa mobu Colombia

Ntle le Lithaba tsa Andes le ntho e ngoe le e ngoe e boletsoeng kaholimo, ho na le bophahamo ba mobu o bohlokoa haholo ho Colombia le Latin America kaofela hore ke mohopolo o motle hore o o tsebe, haeba ka tsatsi le leng o ka thabela ho etela linaheng tsa bona. ho tseba meeka ena ea lefats'e.

Sierra Nevada ea Santa Marta

E fumanoa lithoteng tse lebopong la Leoatle la Caribbean. E fetela ka mafapha a Magdalena, Cesar le La Guajira. E na le bophahamo ba limithara tse 5.775 (maoto a 18.947) ka holim'a bophahamo ba leoatle. Tlhōrō e phahameng ka ho fetisisa eo u ka e fumanang ke ea Cristóbal Colón e lateloa ke Simón Bolívar. Ke thaba e phahameng ka ho fetisisa e koahetsoeng ke lehloa naheng ea Colombia. Thaba ena e na le sebaka sa lisekoere-k'hilomithara tse 17.000.

Montes de María kapa thaba ea San Jacinto

E lipakeng tsa mafapha a Bolívar le Sucre lithoteng tse lebopong la Leoatle la Caribbean.E na le bophahamo ba limithara tse 810.

Serrania de la Macuira

E fumaneha Lefapheng la La Guajira mme e na le bophahamo ba limithara tse 810. E boetse e na le sebaka sa lisekoere km 250.

Serrania del Darien

Colombia e lithaba

E fumaneha lefapheng la Chocó. Sebaka sa moeli o lipakeng tsa Colombia le Panama. E na le bophahamo ba limithara tse 1.910 Leralleng la Tacurcuna.

Serranía del Baudo

E fumaneha lefapheng la Chocó, haufi le lebopo la Leoatle la Pacific. E arotsoe ho libotlolo tsa linoka tsa Atrato le Baudo mme e ts'oana le lebopo le nang le litšoantšo tse ntle tsa lithaba pela leoatle. E na le bophahamo ba limithara tse 1.810.

Serrania de la Macarena

E fumaneha lefapheng la Meta, ka boroa-bochabela ho Cordillera ea Bochabela. E na le bophahamo ba limithara tse ka bang 2.000. U ka fumana sebaka sa lik'hilomithara tse 625.

Serranía del Perijá kapa Serranía de los Motilones sebakeng se ka boroa

E fumaneha leboea-bochabela ho Colombia. E sebetsa e le moeli o sa fellang le Venezuela lipakeng tsa mafapha a La Guajira le Norte de Santander. E na le bophahamo ba limithara tse 287.

Lithako tse ka boroa-bochabela

Li fumaneha Lithoteng tsa Bochabela. Maralla a namme joaloka Iguaje le Yambi a nang le lihlaba tse tlaase, le Sierra de Araracuara.

Joalokaha u bona, Cordilleras ea Colombia e na le ho hongata hoo e ka ho bonts'ang lefatše, 'me botle ba bona bo thata ho o otla.


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

Maikutlo a 61, siea ea hau

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