Likhamphani tse kholo tsa meriana India ke li fe?

meriana e ka sehloohong India

Indasteri ea meriana ea India ke e 'ngoe ea tse kholo ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng. The Likhamphani tse etellang pele tsa meriana India ka kakaretso, ke tsona mofani oa lihlahisoa tse kholo ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng. Ntle le moo, ba fana ka tse fetang 60% ea tlhoko ea lefats'e ea liente.

Eseng hoo feela: India ho na le limela tse ka bang 1.400 tsa meriana tse lumelloang ke WHO. Li hlahisa lihlahisoa tse ka bang 60.000 tsa generic ho tsoa mekhatlong e 60 e fapaneng ea kalafo. Ho na le lik'hamphani tse fetang 3.000 tsa meriana tse sebetsang le marang-rang a matla a li laboratori tse fetang 10.500 XNUMX tsa tlhahiso, ho ka boleloa ka polokeho hore India ke lebenkele le leholo la meriana lefatšeng.


Indasteri ea meriana ea India e ile ea ananeloa ka 2019 ho US $ 36.000 billion. Lithethefatsi tse tloaelehileng, tse nang le karolo ea 71% ea mmaraka, li theha karolo e kholo ka ho fetisisa ea tlhahiso ea eona.

mapa oa litlama india

Mona ke lenane la lik'hamphani tse etellang pele tsa meriana India. Top 10 rona:

Tlhokomelo ea bophelo ea Cadila

Ke k'hamphani e kholo ka ho fetisisa ea meriana India. E thehiloe ka 1952 ke Ramanbhai Patel 'me e lula Ahmedabad. ebile e se e le k'hamphani e kholo ka ho fetisisa ea meriana India.

Cadila Healthcare e na le limela tsa tlhahiso tse leshome naheng ka bophara libakeng tse fapaneng ho potoloha le naha: Navi Mumbai, Ankleshwar, Changodar, Goa, Vatva, Baddi, Dabhasa, Vadodara, Dabhasa le Patalganga.

Torrent Pharma

E boetse e na le ntlo-kholo ea eona e Ahmedabad le libaka tsa tlhahiso libakeng tse fapaneng tsa naha. Pharma Torrent e na le tsebo e khethehileng ea ho etsa meriana ea kalafo ea methapo ea methapo (CNS), mathata a ka mpeng, li-analgesics le lithibela-mafu.

Cipla

Ka kholo e makatsang lilemong tse mashome tsa morao tjena, CIPLA, e thehiloeng Mumbai ka 1935, e fetohile e 'ngoe ea lik'hamphani tse etsang chelete e ngata India.

Feme e ea ntlafala meriana ea ho phekola maloetse a fapaneng a kang khatello ea maikutlo, lefu la tsoekere kapa mafu a phefumolohang. Kakaretso ea thekiso e ka ba li-rupee tse limilione tse likete tse 7.000 ka selemo (li-euro tse ka bang limilione tse 78) E na le litsi tsa tlhahiso tse supileng moo basebetsi ba fetang 22.000 ba sebetsang teng.

Ngaka Reddys Labs

Ntle ho pelaelo ke e 'ngoe ea likhamphani tse ka sehloohong tsa meriana India, e nang le kakanyo e tsebahalang ea machabeng. Khamphani e thehiloe ka 1984 ke Ngaka Anji Reddy. Ntlo-kholo ea eona e Hyderabad 'me e etsa lithethefatsi tse fetang 180 hape le lisebelisoa tse fetang 50 tse etsang meriana.

Ho na le limela tse supileng tsa tlhahiso ea Dr. Reddys Labs India. Kantle ho naha, feme e na le lilaboratori Russia mme e aba meriana ea k'hamphani ea Belgian ea meriana UCB SA e Asia Boroa.

Lupine Ltd.

Palo ea eona ea thekiso e feta liranta tse limilione tse 5.000 1968 ka selemo. Lupine o hlahile ka XNUMX ka lebaka la bohato ba  Desh Bandhu Gupta, e mong oa bafuputsi ba tummeng ka ho fetisisa naheng. Hajoale k'hamphani e rekisa lihlahisoa tsa eona linaheng tse fetang 70 ho pota lefatše, ho kenyeletsoa Afrika Boroa, Japane, Australia le European Union.

meriana

Likhamphani tse Phahameng tsa Meriana India

Aurobindo Pharma

E Thehiloe ka 1988, Aurobindo Pharma Limited e sebetsana le tlhahiso le tlhahiso ea litlhare tsa tlhaho le metsoako e sebetsang. O khethehile haholo libakeng tse ts'eletseng tsa kalafo: Sisteme e bohareng ea methapo, methapo ea pelo, lithibela-mafu, li-antiretroviral, li-antiallergic le lihlahisoa tsa gastroenterological.

Khamphani e romella lihlahisoa tsa eona linaheng tse fetang 120 mme e na le chelete e fetang liranta tse limilione tse likete tse 4.000 ka selemo.

Letsatsi Pharma

E 'ngoe ea likhamphani tse ka sehloohong tsa meriana ho Idnia, e thehiloeng ke Dilip shanghvi ka 1983 sebakeng sa Vapi se Gujarat. Qalong Sun Pharma e ne e ikemiselitse ho hlahisa mefuta e mehlano ea lithethefatsi tse etselitsoeng kalafo ea mafu a kelello. Hamorao, k'hamphani e ile ea fumana meriana Ranbaxy, ho eketsa motse-moholo oa eona le ho holisa tlhahiso ea eona.

70% ea lithethefatsi tsa Sun Pharmaceutical e rekisoa United States. Lilemong tsa morao tjena k'hamphani e qalile katoloso e matla e e lebisitseng ho bula limela linaheng tse kang Mexico, Israel kapa Brazil.

Innovexia

Innovexia Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd. e ananeloa e le khamphani e etellang pele lefatšeng ka bophara tlhahisong le papatsong ea litlhare tse fapaneng. Botumo ba k'hamphani ena ea meriana bo maemong a holimo haholo a sehlopha sa eona sa litsebi, lits'ebeletso tsa eona tsa boemo bo holimo le matsete a eona mererong e mecha ea lipatlisiso.

Alkem

E thehiloe Bombay, Li-Laboratories tsa Alkem ke e 'ngoe ea lik'hamphani tse etellang pele meriana India. Lihlahisoa tsa eona li rekisoa linaheng tse fetang 40- Lithethefatsi tse entsoeng ka boleng bo holimo, metsoako e sebetsang ea meriana le limatlafatsi. Ka kakaretso, ho na le lihlahisoa tse fetang 800 tse koahelang likarolo tsohle tsa mantlha tsa kalafo.

Alkem e rekisa le ho rekisa lihlahisoa United States tlasa letshwao la kgwebo Nyolohela. Ka mokhoa o ts'oanang, e nts'etsapele ts'ebetso ea eona mebarakeng e meng e joalo ka Australia, Chile, Philippines le Kazakhstan, hara tse ling.

HICP

Lenane la rona le phethela ka IPCA Laboratories Ltd., e nang le boiphihlelo bo fetang lilemo tse mashome a tšeletseng. Lihlahisoa tsa eona li ajoa linaheng tse ka bang 120, ha meaho ea eona e fumane thoriso ho tsoa ho ba boholong ba laolang lithethefatsi lefatšeng ka bophara.

E 'ngoe ea merero ea mantlha ea IPCA ke ho boloka boleng bo phahameng lihlahisong tsohle tsa eona, ho becha ka ho khetheha kalafong e itseng.


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

Maikutlo a 2, siea ea hau

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  1.   Raju Mahtani a re

    Ke kopa ho tseba mabitso a Laboratories a India, a netefalitsoeng ke DIGEMID ea Peru

  2.   ELIAS TAHAN a re

    Ke kopa ho tseba lenane la lihlahisoa tsa laboraka ho tseba seo ba nang le sona le ho tseba ho sebetsa le bona, re na le Ntlo ea Boemeli bakeng sa Venezuela, Colombia le Central America

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