Inkcubeko yaseCaribbean kunye nembali yayo

ulwandle lweCarbbean

Eli nqaku kwimbali nenkcubeko yeeCaribbean inokuba yincwadi yamakhulu amaphepha, kwaye yiyo loo nto Inkcubeko yaseCaribbean yahluke kakhulu. Oku kuye kwakhiwa ngobuninzi babantu abangabemi bomthonyama, abahlali (ubukhulu becala baseYurophu) kunye namakhoboka asuka e-Afrika kwaye konke oku kubekiwe kwiindawo abahlala kuzo aba bantu, nakwimpembelelo yeLatin America.

Ke ndizakuzama ukukuxelela kancinci ngayo yonke le nto. ukuqala Ndiza kuwuthintela ummandla weCaribbean, emi kumazantsi mpuma eMntla Melika, kwimpuma ye-Central America, nasemantla o Mzantsi Melika, kwaye abantu bayo bangaphezulu nje kwezigidi ezingama-36 zabantu.  

Imbali yeCaribbean

Imbali yeCaribbean

Njengoko benditshilo, bendiya kuba namakhulu amaphepha endinokubhala ngawo Imbali yeCaribbean ephawulwe yinyani yekoloniyali ngezihloko ezinje: amasimi kunye noqoqosho, ubukhoboka kunye nefuthe labo kwezentlalo, iiMaroon kunye negalelo labo lenkcubeko, utshintsho lolwimi, ubuhlanga kunye nomxube wawo, imeko yokomoya.

Ukutyhubela imbali, ummandla weCaribbean ubuyimbambano yeYurophu uqobo. Y Ukuqala kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMX, kwavela umxholo wolawulo, ezona ziqithi zintathu zinkulu, ezinje nge: Cuba, iRiphabhlikhi yaseDominican kunye nePuerto Rico, bafumana uhlaselo olukhulu kumazwe aseYurophu naseMelika.. Ezi ntshukumo zichaphazele ngokuthe ngqo intshukumo yotshintsho kunye nokusokola rhoqo ukufezekisa imbeko yesazisi sabo.

Ukuqala, xa sithetha ngenkcubeko yaseCaribbean, sithetha ngobuninzi beelwimi, ubuhlanga obuninzi, i-hybrid, ulungelelwaniso oluvumelanayo oluhlala luhamba phambili.

Iilwimi zeCaribbean

Isizwe esiqhelekileyo seCaribbean

Ukuba ngalo mzuzu Olona lwimi luphambili kwiiCaribbean yiSpanish, kulandele isiNgesi, isiFrentshi nesiDatshi. Kodwa, abantu bokuqala bale mimandla babenabanye, abathi kwezinye iimeko bagcinwe, nangona bebambalwa kakhulu, yimeko yeHaiti, iJamaica okanye isiqithi saseSan Andrés eseColombia, apho kuthethwa khona ulwimi lwesiCreole ( IsiCreole). Ngombulelo kwezi lwimi, kuye kwakho ukufikelela kubutyebi bezenkcubeko zeentsomi, iintsomi namasiko abahlali baseCaribbean.

Iimvumi zeCaribbean

Iimvumi zaseCaribbean

Ngubani ongadibanisi iiCaribbean nomculo? Ukuba kukho umfanekiso okanye isandi esibonakala simanyanisa ezi ziqithi kunye nonxweme, sisandi esihle abasivayo.

Njengoko ucinga umculo weCaribbean kukuqokelelwa komculo, iingoma kunye nemidaniso evela kuMbindi Merika kunye neCaribbean, equka iindawo ezingaselunxwemeni zaseVenezuela naseColombia. Ezi zingqisho ziintsika zento eyaziwa ngokuba ziingqisho zesiLatin, kwaye zibonakaliswa kukusetyenziswa kweentsimbi nezixhobo zomoya.

Ndingakwenza uluhlu olude lwazo zonke ezi zingqisho, kodwa ezaziwa kakhulu zii rumba, i-salsa, i-vallenato, i-bachata, i-calypso, i-cumbia, i-guaracha, i-bolero, i-merengue, i-champeta ... kunye nokudlula kwezinye izizukulwana ezinje choquesalsa okanye reggaeton.

Abantsundu kwiCaribbean

Abantu abamnyama kwiCaribbean

Andikwazi ukuthetha ngenkcubeko yaseCaribbean okanye isazisi ngaphandle kokuthiya i-Caribbean Negro, kunye nomxholo we-Afro-Caribbean.

Ngexesha lekoloniyali, iSpain yazisa amakhoboka amnyama ikakhulu kwiiCaribbean ukunciphisa ukunqongophala kwabasebenzi bemveli. Amadoda nabafazi abanemvelaphi yaseAfrika bathathwa ngenkani bathengiswa njengamakhoboka kubaniniso, ababathatha njengempahla yabo.

Amakhoboka okuqala kwiziqithi zeCaribbean asiwa e-Hispaniola (Cuba) ngo-1502, kwaye kwiminyaka nje engama-20 kamva urhwebo lwabantsundu lwalusele lumiselwe ngokusemthethweni. Uqhushululu lokuqala olurekhodiweyo lwalungo-1522 kwaye imvukelo eyahlukeneyo yamakhoboka amnyama yaphindaphindwa kwingingqi yeCaribbean. Kuwo wonke loo mmandla, amakhoboka avukelayo, abanye babo babengabaleki, ababephila ubomi benkululeko kwiikona ezikude babizwa ngokuba yi-cimarrón.

Umoya weCaribbean

ISanteria kwiCaribbean

Ngelixa kuyinyani ukuba iSpanish, kunye nabaseYurophu ngokubanzi, banyanzelisa iinkolelo zobuKristu I-syncretism eqhelekileyo yalo mmandla wakuMbindi nase Mzantsi Melika uyiholele ekuphuhliseni imeko yayo yokomoya.

KwiCaribbean kukho yonke inkqubo emanyeneyo yeenkolelo kunye nezenzo ezingcwele ezinokufaniswa phakathi kwabomthonyama, amaSpanishi kunye nezinto zonqulo zaseAfrika, eziye zaba yinkolo entsha. Sithetha ngeenkolo zaseCaribbean ezithandwayo, ukwahlula kwezo zonqulo, ezinjengezo zibonakaliswa kukunxulumana kwabo nobomi bemihla ngemihla neengxaki nenkcubeko yabantu, kubukho bemibhiyozo, iintsomi neenkolelo; uhambo nohambo; iminikelo yokuvota kunye nezithembiso, kunye nomlinganiswa osebenzayo.

Iimpawu eziphambili zenkolo kwiCaribbean zezi:

  • Umthetho weOsha
  • IConga okanye uMlawuli wePalo Monte
  • Ukusebenzelana nemimoya
  • Voodoo
  • UAbaku
  • Ihlelo leChango
  • Unqulo lukaMaría Lionza
  • AmaRasta
  • Ukukhwaza

Ndiyathemba ukuba ndikunikile izimvo malunga neCaribbean, abantu bayo kunye nendlela yayo, ukuze ubonwabele ngokupheleleyo ubuhlobo bayo. Ndiyathanda ukuhlala kunye nethiyori enokwenzeka malunga negama elithi Caribe, kwaye kukuba umatiloshe wase-Itali u-Américo Vespucio uqinisekisile ukuba igama elithi Charaibi phakathi kwabantu bomthonyama lithetha amadoda azizilumko ...


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1.   rogel tun mutul sitsho

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  2.   mzantsiweb sitsho

    mmmm iyacaphukisa andiva kwanto

  3.   umnqamlezo we-yorainy sitsho

    Obo bubuxoki andifumananga nto yintetho emsulwa

  4.   Jardasha sitsho

    Ewe, ndicinga ukuba kweli phepha ukuba le nto bendiyifuna iyavela, nguwe ongayaziyo indlela yokuyikhangela kuba uyonqena ah kwaye usebenzise intloko yakho ukucinga hayi kuphela kwi-slobs-das

  5.   kuGabriela sitsho

    Ukulungiswa: isiqithi saseHispaniola sasingeyiyo iCuba kodwa yintoni namhlanje ehambelana neHaiti kunye neRiphabhlikhi yaseDominican.