Imbali ye-Indiya yakudala: Abantu baPhambili, ii-Aryans kunye neBrahmanism

Iidravidas

La Indiya Yisingasiqithi omkhulu weAsia, indawo enkulu ukusukela kumaxesha amandulo apho yayiyimpucuko ebalaseleyo. Imilambo kunye nemozulu yayikuthanda ukuxhaphaza izityalo ezithile, ngakumbi irayisi kunye nomqhaphu.

Ukuba umntu kufuneka athethe ngabantu bakudala e-India, umntu kufuneka akhankanye mzantsiweb, abantu abafutshane kunye nolusu olumnyama, ababesazi ubhedu kwaye bezilolonga kwangoko ngewaka lesi-XNUMX BC.Ama-Dravidiya ahlala ezilalini kwaye ayeneenkolelo zonqulo-zithixo.

Elinye inqaku lokukhankanywa ngembali yamandulo yaseIndiya yile Uhlaselo lweAryan senzeka kwinkulungwane yesibini yeminyaka BC, iqela lomntu elangena ukusuka entshona, lathimba abomthonyama. Ama-Aryan, awayehlala kuLwandle lweCaspian ngaphambili kwaye engabalusi, ahlaliswa ngokudala izikumkani ezincinci. Umhla obalulekileyo wenzeka ngonyaka we-321 xa inkosi uChandragupta Mauria yaphinda yabahlanganisa kubukhosi obukhulu obabunekomkhulu labo elalibizwa ngokuba yiPataliputra. Ubukhosi baseMaurian babunexesha labo lokumkani no-Asoka, owayesasaza inkolo kaBuddha. Ama-Aryan aququzelela uluntu ngendlela yobukhosi. Oothixo babo abaphambili yayinguDyaus Pitar, uVaruna, uMitra, u-Indra, uVishnu noAgni.

Malunga nenkulungwane ye-XNUMX brahmanism kunye neendidi. I-Brahma inyanzeliswa njengomdali kwindalo iphela, ngaphezulu kwabanye oothixo. Ukongeza, umbono wokufuduka kwemiphefumlo okanye ukuzalwa ngokutsha wazalwa. Inkqubo yokwahlulwa kwezentlalo yenziwe ngama-brahmans okanye abefundisi, shatria abazizidwangube okanye amaqhawe, ii-vaysias okanye abarhwebi kunye ne-sudras okanye izicaka. Ngala mva akunakwenzeka ukuba unxibelelane.

Más información: Iminqweno malunga nenkcubeko yaseIndiya

Ifoto: Isibhakabhaka Esikhulu


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