Ukutyelela iTaj Mahal eIndiya

Yayilwa njengendawo yelifa lemveli ye-UNESCO ngo-1984 yaze yathathelwa ingqalelo njengenye ye ezona zikhumbuzo zintle ehlabathini, iTaj Mahal ngumfanekiso welo Indiya siphupha ngalo, i-exotic, i-bombastic, i-romantic. Eyakhelwe ngo-1632 ngu-Emperor Shah Jahan ngokuhlonipha umfazi wakhe, u-Mumtaz Mahal, uTaj Mahal uba ngumqondiso onembali kunye nokufikelela kwakhe kulungele ulwazi oluyimfuneko ukwenza ukuba ukutyelela kwakho kungalibaleki kuyo yonke indlela.

I-Taj Mahal kunye nebali lothando

IFresco yoMlawuli u-Shah Jahan.

Emva kokudibana kwindawo yentengiso kwisixeko saseAgra, kwiphondo laseIndiya i-Uttar Pradesh, UMughal Prince Shah Jahan kunye neNkosazana Mumtaz Mahal bathandana ngoko nangoko. Emva koko kwafika uhambo olude ngeIndiya, ukuthandana okuphuphayo kunye nokuqiniseka ukuba akukho nto inokuphazamisa umlingo webali lothando olufanelekileyo kwiiNkulungwane eziliwaka kunye neNye enye. Nangona kunjalo, emva kokuzalwa komntwana wakhe weshumi elinesine, u-Mumtaz wasweleka, eshiya umyeni wakhe yedwa kwaye watshona kwipanorama apho wayengaboni themba likhulu ngaphandle komfazi ecaleni kwakhe etroneni. Ngesi sizathu, umlawuli ngelo xesha wazimisela ukwakha esona sakhiwo sithandwayo emhlabeni ngembeko yesithandwa sakhe.

Ukususela ngo-1632 ukuya ku-1653, u-Shah Jahan wakhokela iqela lezobugcisa, abakhi bezobugcisa kunye nabaculi ukwenzela ukuba bamise i-mausoleum eyayingakwazi ukugcina iintsalela ze-Mumtaz kunye neempembelelo zabo ukusuka kwizinto zamaSilamsi ukuya kwezinye iiMughal, amaPersi kunye neAsia kuphela, kukhokelela ekwakhiweni kwendlu ye-holly, i-facade egutyungelwe ngamatye axabisekileyo kunye nemibhalo yeKoran okanye imibundu yelitye lentlabathi elibomvu eliqwalasele ubunzima obugqibeleleyo kunxweme loMlambo iYamuna ukuba sonke siyazi namhlanje. Ngapha koko, iTaj Mahal yayintle kangangokuba uJahan ngokwakhe ukholelwa ukuba unqumle izandla zeengcibi ezithathe inxaxheba kulomsebenzi ukuze zingabinako ukuphinda into enjalo yokwakha.

Emva kweminyaka emininzi yohlukene, unyana onamabhongo ogqithisileyo kunye nentsalela kaMamtaz owayejikeleza kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zedolophu, ekugqibeleni amathambo abo bobabini abathandi aphumle kumangcwaba anendawo yangaphakathi ehambelana nomboniso wayo wangaphandle olindele wonke umhambi otyeleleyo. kwiimfihlelo zayo kunye neemfihlakalo.

Ndwendwela iTaj Mahal

Ukuba uyafuna ndwendwela iTaj MahalIngcebiso yam kukuba uyenze ngexesha lokuphuma nokutshona kwelanga, amaxesha apho i-mausoleum ifumana ukukhanya okungafaniyo, phantse okuyimfihlakalo.

Qesha umqhubi weteksi eAgra Ukukusa kule ndawo nakwezinye iindawo esixekweni, kunokuba yinto elungileyo ukuqinisekisa ukuthuthwa imini yonke kwaye unezindululo zalapha oza kuzazi ezona ndawo zilungileyo lelinye lamalungu adumileyo Unxantathu wegolide waseIndiya.

Ummelwane apho iTaj Mahal ikhoyo, kumazantsi mpuma eAgraYindawo ethobekileyo leyo ezindongeni iinkawu zigcina abakhenkethi kunye ooritsho baphepha iinkomo ukuze babeke abakhenkethi phambi kwesakhiwo. Njengoko sisiya ngakuTaj Mahal, ngokuqinisekileyo uninzi lwabantu basekuhlaleni baya kuza kuwe ngeempawu eziqinisekisa ukuba ngaphandle kwesikhokelo sabakhenkethi ngekhe ukwazi ukungena kule ndawo. Ungabahoyi, kuba iTaj ngokwayo inezikhokelo zayo.

Into efanayo iyenzeka ngeelokhari. Ngexesha elithile uza kubona umqondiso othi "Izitshixo" ezibonisa ukuya kwelinye icala lesango. Ungayihoyi nokuba yeyiphi, uya kufumana iilokhari zokufaka izinto zakho ngaphakathi kwamangcwaba.

Okokugqibela, ngexesha lokungena emgceni bahanjiswa emadodeni nakwabafazi, iskena sayo yonke impahla siyenziwa kwaye Ukwamkelwa kwexabiso ngama-rupie angama-750 (malunga nee-euro ezingama-10). Ukusukela ngoko uya kuba nakho ukucinga ngobuhle beTaj Mahal kubo bonke ubungangamsha bayo ukusukela kumzuzu wokuqala, mhlawumbi ulwa nabakhenkethi bokuqala ukuthatha loo foto idumileyo iphambi kwechibi eliphambi kwesakhiwo, ukhenketha iigadi zayo yaziwa njenge mzantsi) okanye ukungena kwigumbi elingaphakathi, apho i-cenotaph yabathandi ijongeka ngokufanayo nangaphezulu kweminyaka engamakhulu amathathu eyadlulayo, nangona iintsalela zazo zombini zilele kumanqanaba asezantsi.

lekhowudi

Enye yee-mosque ehamba ngoyena ndoqo weTaj Mahal.

Ukhenketho onokuluxhasa ngokutyelela kwelinye icala lomlambo iYamuna, indawo apho, ngethamsanqa elincinci, unokufumana olona luvo luphambili lwendoda yaseIndiya ethi, ngasemva kweenwele, inqumle Izinto ezisingqongileyo kweso sakhiwo zisenze saphupha ngeIndiya.

Ukuba unexesha, akukho nto ingcono kunokulahleka eAgra, isixeko esiguqukayo apho yonke into isuka kwiinqaba ezibomvu ukuya ezindleleni ezigcwele ziinkomo ezihonjiswe ngeemantras kunye neembombo zomdiliya zihlala kunye.

Ngaba ungathanda ukwazi iTaj Mahal?

 


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