UVishnu: Omnye wezona zithixo zibaluleke kakhulu eIndiya

Umfanekiso | I-Pixabay

Ngaba ungathanda ukuya eIndiya kwiholide yakho elandelayo kwaye unomdla wokufumanisa ngakumbi malunga nenkcubeko namasiko ayo? Enye yezona zinto zincinci zaziwayo ngabantu baseNtshona yinkolo yamaHindu, ebaluleke kakhulu ukwazi indlela yokucinga kunye nemvakalelo yabemi baseIndiya.

Inkolo yamaHindu igcwele amabali kunye nezinto ezintle ezenziwa ngoothixo, oothixo, iidemon, abantu nezinye izidalwa. Nangona kunjalo, oothixo abaphambili bobuHindu bathathu: uBrahma, uVishnu noShiva. Ngamnye umele amandla abalulekileyo kubukho bendalo iphela: umdali wayo nguBrahma, amandla okuqhubekeka nguVishnu kwaye amandla atshabalalisayo nguShiva. Zonke ezi zintathu ziyi-Trimurti okanye "iifom ezintathu" kwisi-Sanskrit, oko kukuthi, ubuthathu bamaHindu.

Inayiphi indima iTrimurti? Zithini iindima zothixo ngamnye ngaphakathi kwayo? Kule posi siza kungena kwinkolo yamaHindu ukuze sazi aba thixo bathathu kwaye ngakumbi uVishnu ngcono. Qhubeka ufunda emva kokutsiba!

ITrimurti

Umfanekiso | I-Pixabay

Njengoko benditshilo, abathathu zezona thixo zibalulekileyo zobuHindu: uBrahma, uVishnu noShiva. Zonke zenza i-trimurti kwaye nganye kuzo inegunya lokufezekisa ukulingana kwendalo iphela, ukuze kungabi nakwenzeka ukukhulelwa kwendalo (iBrahma) okanye ukutshatyalaliswa kwendalo iphela (Shiva). Ngapha koko, ngokwenyani ulondolozo lwayo ngamandla agcina ucwangco kwindalo iphela. Yile ndlela abathembekileyo ngayo le nkolo abayiqonda ngayo indalo iphela yiyo lonto kubaluleke kakhulu aba thixo bakulo.

Ukusuka eBrahma Brahmanism yasekwa e-India. Isebe lamaHindu elimthatha njengothixo ophakamileyo, imvelaphi yabo bonke abanye oothixo, ababonakalisayo kuye. Ukusuka kuhlaselo lwe-Aryan, uBrahmanism wazalwa, owabona uShiva noVishnu njengezithixo ezincinci.

Ngubani uVishnu?

Eyaziwayo kwinkolo yamaHindu njengothixo wokulunga nolondolozo, ungoyena thixo uphambili we-Vaisnavism yangoku Eli lisebe lamaHindu elinaye uVishnu njengothixo ophakamileyo. Ngokwangoku, ekubeni ingumdali wendalo iphela, lo thixo wagqiba kwelokuba azityhile ngetrimurti okanye "ngeendlela ezintathu."

UVishnu uhlawuliswe ngomsebenzi wokulinganisa okuhle nokubi emhlabeni kwaye abantu bamcela uncedo ekufumaneni indlela yosindiso.

Ukutolikwa kwe-Etymological kaVishnu

Xa uhlalutya igama lesithixo ngokwengqiqo yaso ye-etymological, inxenye yengcambu "vis" ithetha ukuhlala okanye ukugcwala okuza kuthi kubonise olunye lweempawu zikaVishnu "lowo ugcwele yonke into."

Ngale ndlela, kufikelelwe kwisigqibo sokuba igama lakhe libhekisa kuthixo oye wamithisa zonke izinto kunye nezinto eziphilayo emhlabeni. Ukuqala kwesi siqalo, uVishnu akakhawulelanga ngexesha, indawo okanye into. Amandla akhe angapheliyo. Ngokukwanjalo, kukho abaphandi abagcina ukuba ukutolikwa kwegama kwegama elithi "yinto engena kuyo yonke into."

Uchazwa njani uVishnu?

Uhlala emelwe njengothixo olusu oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka onemilo yomntu kunye neengalo ezine eziphethe izinto ezahlukeneyo ezineentsingiselo ezahlukeneyo:

  • I-padma (intyatyambo ye-lotus enevumba leVishnuists elithandayo)
  • I-sudarshaná chakrá (into eyahlukileyo efana nale inxitywe ngamajoni e-ninja asetyenziswa nguVishnu ukutshabalalisa iidemon)
  • I-shankhá (iqokobhe le-conch elinesandi e-India simele uloyiso emva koloyiso lotshaba)
  • I-mace yegolide (ukubetha iintloko zababi)

Uhlala eboniswa ehleli kwintyatyambo ye-lotus noLaksmi, iqabane lakhe, kwelinye lamadolo akhe. Unguthixokazi wethamsanqa kwaye uzibonakalisile ku-bhuti-sakti (indalo) nakwikriya-sakti (umsebenzi wokuyila). Kuba uVishnu akanakuba yinxalenye yobuchule bakhe (ahamta) okanye amandla akhe, ufuna iqabane elihlala linaye. Ngesi sizathu uthixokazi uLaksmi kufuneka ahambe noVishnu kuyo yonke imizimba yakhe.

Zithini iimpawu zobufundisi zikaVishnu kwaye uhlonitshwa njani?

Umfanekiso | I-Pixabay

Uthixo uVishnu uneempawu ezahlukeneyo zobuthixo: ukufumana into ayifunayo (prakamya), ukongama (isitva), umgangatho wokucinezela iminqweno (kama vasayitva), ukulawula abanye (vasitva), ukufezekisa nantoni na (prapti), amandla angaphezu kwendalo (aishwaria), ulwazi (gnana) okanye amandla (shakti), phakathi kwabanye abaninzi.

Akwaziwa ngokuqinisekileyo ukuba uVishnu waqala nini okanye njani ukunqulwa. Ekuhlanganisweni kweenkolelo zama-Aryan (iVedas) lo thixo unxulumene ngokusondeleyo ne-Indra kwaye wachazwa njengothixo omncinci. Kuphela kuxa kamva waba yinxalenye ye-trimurti kwinkolo yamaHindu kunye nothixo obalulekileyo kuyo yonke le nkolo.

Namhlanje amaHindu akholelwa ukuba uVishnu wenziwe njengee-avatat ezahlukileyo eMhlabeni kwaye lo thixo unqulwa ngohlobo lwezi avatars ngokuzimisela.

Zithini ii-avatars zikaVishnu?

Ngaphakathi kobuHindu, i-avatar kukuzalwa kukaThixo, ngakumbi uVishnu. Oko kukuthi, ukulingana koothixo kwiintsomi zamaGrike namaRoma. Ngaphakathi kweVaisnavism, ezi avatar zihlanganisene kwiiklasi ezahlukeneyo ngokobuntu kunye nendima echazwe kwiZibhalo.

  • UVanáá: umjikelo, uphume ngobuqhetseba-iugá.
  • UMatsia: intlanzi, yavela kwi-satia-iugá.
  • I-Kurma: ufudo, luphume nge satia-jugá.
  • UVaraja: ihagu yasendle, yavela kwi-satia-iugá.
  • I-Narasinja -isiqingatha sengonyama, isiqingatha sendoda. Waphuma e-satia-iugá esoyisa idemon u-Jirania Kashipú.
  • I-Parashurama: (Rama nge-ax), yavela kwi-treta-jugá.
  • URama: inkosi yaseAiodhia, yaphuma e-treta-iugá.
  • UKrishna: (onomtsalane) uvele e-duapara-iugá, kunye nomntakwabo uBalaram. Uninzi lweentshukumo zeVisnuist zimbona njengomntu onguVishnu.
  • UBuddha: (isilumko) waphuma eKali-iugá. Iinguqu ezingamkhankanyi uBuddha njenge-avatar yesithoba ye-Balaram esikhundleni.
  • Kalki: umtshabalalisi wezinto ezingcolileyo. Kulindeleke ukuba ivele ekupheleni kwe-kali-iugá.

Amaxesha oluntu

KubuHindu ubu-iuga nganye yeeyure ezine apho ixesha elikhulu okanye i-majā iuga yahlulahlulwe khona. Iimpawu ezine okanye iiugas zezi:

  • USatan-iuga (ixesha lenyaniso): iminyaka eyi-1.728.000.
  • UDuapara-iuga: iminyaka engama-864.000 ubudala.
  • UTreta-iuga: iminyaka eyi-1.296.000 ubudala.
  • IKáli-iuga: ixesha ledemon iKali iminyaka engama-432.000.

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo ezi-16, shiya ezakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

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  1.   l sitsho

    Beuk otavia c'est beurk lol

  2.   Ingrid sitsho

    Ndiyithanda yonke into enxulumene nenkcubeko yamaHindu,

  3.   Cecilia sitsho

    Inyani yile, oku kuyathoba. Ukuba bafunde isayensi bangayiqonda indlela ekucekisa ngayo ukufunda eli nqaku.
    Ihlwempu intombazana…

  4.   david sitsho

    Andizange ndiyithande

  5.   URuth Maria Ortiz sitsho

    Ndiyakholelwa ekuzalweni ngokutsha kwaye ndicinga ukuba intombazana inokuba yiyo, ndonwabile ngenkolo yamaHindu kuba azilahlekanga iinkolelo, amaxabiso, inkcubeko, ndiyayithanda loo nkcubeko.

  6.   UTamara garcia sitsho

    Ndiyayithanda nenkcubeko, kodwa mnye kuphela umntu othe ukungahambi kakuhle kwale ntombazana kuyathoba. Kwaye bayamnqula njengoThixo ...
    Ngamafutshane, nganye inempambano yazo.

  7.   vuyisa sitsho

    yeka umntwana oyikekayo

  8.   ecaleni sitsho

    Inyani yile yokuba ndiyayiqonda le ntombazana, ndiyakholelwa ukuba kukuphindukuzalwa kuba kunomdla kodwa umzimba wakhe unomdla kuba ulingana noVishnu

  9.   Adelaide sitsho

    Ukuthotywa isidima, into eyoyikekayo, ecekisekayo, yintoni irhamncwa elimangalisayo

  10.   epinki emhlophe sitsho

    Ndicinga ukuba kufuneka siphande kakuhle ukuba siya okanye sifuna ukuthetha ngento ethile. apho kuvela umfazi omncinci esithi uyayithanda loo nkcubeko. Ukuba awuyazi le nto uyithethayo, kungcono ungaphenduli. Ubuhedeni obukhoyo kwelo lizwe yinto etshabalalisile amaHindu kuba bengamazi UTHIXO USOMANDLA, uThixo Ophilayo okhoyo kwaye nguYe yedwa onokuthi abutshintshe ubomi babo obumnyama nobubuhlungu ngenxa yabo babandezeleka namhlanje.

  11.   epinki emhlophe sitsho

    Alejandro, ukuba awazi ukuba kuqhubeka ntoni apho, kungcono uphande yonke into engaphaya kwezi zinto. Into yokuba abantu batshabalale ngenxa yokuswela ulwazi ayibonakali ngathi iyahlekisa kum, ngakumbi ukuba bakholelwa kwizithixo ezizisa ukufa, ubuhlwempu namashwa ebantwini. Ndicinga ukuba ukuthetha ngobuhlwempu nosizi abajamelene nalo abo bantu bangamaHindu bahluphekayo akuhlekisi kwaphela.

  12.   efrain sitsho

    ukukhanya kuhamba ngeekhilomitha ezingama-300,000 ngomzuzwana, eyona nkwenkwezi ikufutshane emhlabeni imalunga neminyaka emi-4 ekhanyayo, ezi ziidatha ezibaleka ukuqonda kwethu umgama kunye nexesha, kodwa siyaqhubeka nokukholelwa kumlingo, ekuzalweni ngokutsha kuThixo ekucoceni umphefumlo , kodwa okwangoku asinakububona ubukhulu bendalo yonke (phinda-phinda ama-300,000 X 60 X 24 X 365 X 4 ngumgama nge-km ukuya kwinkwenkwezi ekufutshane kakhulu emhlabeni) ukuba isanti yazo zonke iilwandle zomhlaba, ingqolowa nganye yesanti ngekhe ibengumnyele oza kuthi emva koko uqulethe izigidi zeenkwenkwezi kwaye sikwangomnye weminyele leyo. Ngokwenene kumalunga nokuphila nokuyeka uphile, abukho obunye ubomi, abukho obunye ubomi, ukukholelwa kubuthixo kulula ngakumbi kunokuchaza indalo engenasiphelo esingayinto kwaphela. LIXESHA LOKUVUKA

  13.   ingceke sitsho

    Kuya kufuneka ndikunike ibang yokubeka loo foto, iphambene

  14.   danii sitsho

    molo .. ndifuna nje .. ukukubonisa oku .. jonga ebunzi .. uphawu oluzisayo .. kwaye uthelekise nophawu lwamaYiputa. ngaphezulu kweentloko zabo .. enkosi .. inomdla ..

  15.   XURB sitsho

    NDICINGA UKUBA ISONO ASIVULELANGA KUMFANA OBHALAYO IBLOG, UKUBA UKWAZISA NGOKWAKHO AKUKHO KUNGABI, KANYE OCWELEYO UTHI INTSHOLONGWANE YAMAHINDU, YENZA ISIQINISEKISO SEZO ZIKHOLELWAYO APHO, INYANISO INGXOXO AYIQALI OKANYE AKUYONA KUPHELA UKUXELA INTO ... OKO UKHOLELAYO OKANYE AKUKHO KWENKCUBEKO YISIGQIBO SOMNTU WONKE ... kwaye AKUKHO XAXOXA NALUTHI APHA. OKUBI YIMFOTO NGENXA YOKUBA KUPHAPASWE IZICWANGCISO ZOBUMNTWANA, KUFUNEKA BOGQUME UBUSO BAKHE NEZIBONELELO ZAKHE ...

  16.   UMantusi sitsho

    Ndiyayihlonipha inkcubeko yabo kodwa kutheni unqula imifanekiso engeyonyani ngesizathu sokuba banentlupheko ebambezele iimpahla zabo zokuhlekisa kunye nokubambezeleka kweengqondo zabo kungekuphela kwentliziyo eyaneleyo kodwa nobukrelekrele, akumangalisi ukuba banabantwana abakhubazekileyo ngenxa yenkolelo yoothixo babo