AmaNdiya Abalweli beNkululeko

UAruna Asaf Ali

Ngeli xesha siza kudibana ne- abaphezulu abalweli benkululeko e-India. Masiqale ngokukhankanya URani Lakshmibai. Eli bhinqa lazalwa ngo-1835 lalingukumkanikazi waseMaratha. Enxibe isuti yendoda, ibhinqa eliselula lafakazela ukuba akukho micimbi yesini xa kufikwa kumandla kunye nesibindi. Wayengomnye wabantu ababalaseleyo kwimvukelo yase-Indiya ka-1857 kunye nomqondiso wokumelana neBritane.

ISarojini Naidu Wayelitshantliziyo le-Independence of India, indoda eyayilwa noMahatma Gandhi. Ngokuzidla wamkela ukuvalelwa kwaye wazifaka kwimisebenzi enje ngemfundo yabasetyhini kunye nokulingana phakathi kwamaHindu namaSilamsi. Kubalulekile ukuba uqaphele ukuba wayengomnye wabaseki boMgaqo-siseko wase-India kunye nowasetyhini wokuqala wase-India ukuba ngumongameli we-National Congress yase-India] kwaye owasetyhini wokuqala ukuba yirhuluneli yelizwe lase-Uttar Pradesh.

Ibhedi yaseBhikaiji Wazalwa ngo-1861, ethathwa njengomama woqhushululu lwaseIndiya kunye nomntu obalulekileyo kumbutho wenkululeko.

Begum Hazrat Mahal Wayengumfazi wokuqala kaNawab Wajid Ali Shah, inkundla eyayilwela inkululeko. Lo mfazi, owazalwa ngo-1820, wadlala indima ebaluleke kakhulu e-India ngexesha leMfazwe yokuQala ye-Independence.

UAruna Asaf Ali Wazalwa ngo-1909, wayelilwela inkululeko laseIndiya.

Okokugqibela sinokwalatha UKasturba Gandhi, Umfazi kaMahatma Gandhi, umfazi ochaphazelekayo ekufundiseni abasetyhini kunye nokuphelisa ukungafani kweklasi.

Ulwazi oluthe kratya: nge-15 ka-Agasti, uSuku lokuZimela lwaseIndiya

Ifoto: Foglobe


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