Iimfazwe neeMfazwe zaseIndiya

Idabi lasePlassey

Namhlanje siza kuyazi i Iimfazwe ezinkulu zaseIndiya kunye neemfazwe. Masiqale ngokukhomba kwi Idabi lasePlassey I-English Lord Clive yoyisa u-Siraj-ud-Daulah kwaye yazisa ulawulo lwama-Muslim e-Bengal, ibeka iziseko zolawulo lwase-Bhritane e-India.

La Imfazwe yaseWandiwash yabanjwa ngo-1760. AmaNgesi oyisa amaFrentshi. Idabi liphawule isiphelo samaFrentshi eIndiya kwaye yavula indlela yolawulo lwesiNgesi eIndiya.

Kulo Idabi lesithathu lasePanipat yenziwa ngo-1761, u-Ahmed Shah Abdali woyisa iMarathas, kwaye wayishiya indawo isimahla kumaNgesi.

Ixesha lokuthetha ngalo Iimfazwe zam. Kwimfazwe yokuqala ye-Mysore eqhutywa phakathi kwe-1767 kunye ne-1768, uHaider Ali woyiswa. Kukwafanelekile ukuba uyiqwalasele iMfazwe yesiBini ye-Mysore eyenziwa ngo-1780, iMfazwe yesithathu ye-Mysore phakathi kwe-1790 kunye ne-1792, kunye neMfazwe yesine ye-Mysore ngo-1799.

Kulo Imfazwe yesine yeMaratha Iqhubekile phakathi kweminyaka ye-1817 kunye ne-1818, imikhosi yase-Bhritane yoyisa iMaratha kwaye ke ubukhosi baseMaratha bucinywa.

Kulo Idabi laseCheelianwala yenziwa ngo-1849, imikhosi ye-Lord Hugh Gough's East India Inkampani yoyisa amaSikh.

La Imfazwe yaseBurma Ngo-1885 kukhokelele ekuthinjweni kweBurma.

La Imfazwe yesithathu yase-Afghan ka-1919 ikhokelela kwiSivumelwano saseRawalpindi, esathi samkelwa njenge-Afghanistan njengombuso ozimeleyo.

La Imfazwe yase-Indo-Pakistani Ngo-1965 yayiluhlaselo lwesibini ePakistan nxamnye neIndiya.

Okokugqibela kufuneka sigqamise Imfazwe yasePakistan Ngo-1971, apho iPakistan yaqala khona ngokuhlasela i-India ngo-Disemba 03. I-Indiya yoyisa iPakistan kuzo zonke iinkalo.

Más información: Iimfazwe zaseCantabrian (II)

Umthombo: UJagran uJosh

Ifoto: Imfazwe yesibini yeHlabathi


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