Imbali yezoPolitiko zaseIndiya

Ngeli xesha siza kuthetha ngalo ezopolitiko eIndiya. Masiqale ngokukhankanya ukuba i-India yeyona demokhrasi inabantu abaninzi emhlabeni. Yiriphabliki yepalamente enenkqubo yamaqela amaninzi ethe yamkelwa ngabathandathu amaqela esizwe.

El iqela lenkomfa I-India ithathwa njengeziko lasekhohlo okanye 'inkululeko', ngelixa iqela BJP embindini-ekunene okanye 'olondolozayo'

KwiRiphabhlikhi yaseIndiya ezintathu zokuqala unyulo jikeleleNgo-1951, 1957 no-1962, uJawaharlal Nehru weqela leCongress wakhokela uloyiso. Ukusweleka kukaNehru ngo-1964, uLal Bahadur Shastri waba yinkulumbuso ngokufutshane, kwaye waphumelela, emva kokubhubha kwakhe engalindelekanga ngo-1966 ngu-Indira Gandhi, owayekhokele iCongress Party kulonyulo ngo-1967 nango-1971.

Emva kokungoneliseki esidlangalaleni, imeko yonxunguphalo yabhengezwa ngo-1975, iCongress Party yaphuma emandleni ngo-1977. Iqela elitsha likaJanata, elalichasene nemeko yonxunguphalo, laphumelela kwaye urhulumente walo wahlala ixesha elingaphantsi kweminyaka emithathu. Wonyulwa wabuyela emandleni ngo-1980, iqela leCongress lavelisa utshintsho kubunkokheli ngo-1984, xa u-Indira Gandhi wagwintwayo, waphumelela ngunyana wakhe uRajiv Gandhi, owaphumelela kunyulo jikelele kwakuloo nyaka.

Umbutho weCongress wonyulwa kwakhona ngo-1989 xa umfelandawonye weSizwe Ngaphambili, owawukhokelwa liqela elalisandul 'ukusekwa likaJanata Dal, kumfelandawonye neleft Front, waphumelela unyulo.
Unyulo lwabanjwa kwakhona ngo-1991, akukho qela lafumana uninzi. Kodwa umbutho weCongress wakwazi ukwenza urhulumente omncinci okhokelwa ngu-PV Narasimha Rao.

Ithuba leminyaka emibini yezidubedube zezopolitiko zilandele unyulo jikelele luka 1996. I-BJP yaseka urhulumente omfutshane ngo-1996. Ngo-1998, i-BJP yakwazi ukwenza umanyano oluyimpumelelo, iNational Democratic Alliance, eyayikhokelwa ngu-Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

Kunyulo jikelele luka-2004, akukho qela lafumana uninzi, kodwa iqela leCongress lavela njengelona qela likhulu.

I-UPA ibuyele emandleni kunyulo jikelele luka-2009 ngenani elikhulu. Kwakuloo nyaka, uManmohan Singh, waba ngu-Nkulumbuso wase-Jawaharlal Nehru ngo-1957 nango-1962 ukuba anyulwe kwakhona kwisithuba seminyaka emihlanu elandelelanayo.

Ifoto: Yonke imihla


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