Oothixo abathathu abaphambili bobuHindu

unkolo yamaHindu

El unkolo yamaHindu Yenye yezona nkolo zindala emhlabeni, ezenziwa ngabantu abangaphezulu kwezigidi ezili-1.100 kwilizwekazi laseAsia nakwezinye iindawo zehlabathi. Vula I-Indiya, iPakistan, iNepal, iBangladesh neMalaysia kukho abaninzi abalandela imigaqo yayo kwaye banqula oothixo abathathu abaphambili bobuHindu.

Ngokungafaniyo nezinye iinkonzo, aba thixo banqulwa kubomi bemihla ngemihla. Ngaphezulu kwezinto ezingabonakaliyo nezikude, zibonwa njengamanani ayinxalenye yenyani yemihla ngemihla. Kukho imisinga emininzi kunye nezikolo ngaphakathi kobuHindu.

Ngaphakathi koothixo bamaHindu abahlukeneyo, ayingabo bonke oothixo abakwicandelo elinye. Akukho ngaphantsi koothixo abazizigidi ezingamashumi amathathu, kodwa ayizizo zonke ezibaluleke ngokulinganayo kwaye zihlonitshwa.

Aba bathixo abathathu abaphambili bobuHindu: UBrahma, uVishnu kunye noShiva. Benza i Ukuqala ("Ezi ntlobo zintathu" kwiSanskrit) kwaye zimele ngokwahlukeneyo imijikelezo yendalo, ulondolozo kunye nokonakaliswa kwendalo iphela.

Brahma

Ngokwesiko lamaHindu, Brahma Unguthixo ongumdali weNdalo iphela. Yonke into ekhoyo ehlabathini uyenza. Ifuzisela ubulumko kunye nobukrelekrele.

UBrahma unabafazi ababini: uSaraswati, uthixokazi wolwazi, kunye noSavitri, oyintombi yothixo welanga. Dharma (umdali uthixo wenkolo) kunye Attri. Ukongeza, ungutata woonyana abalishumi kunye nentombi ezivela kuye iintlanga ezahlukeneyo zabantu.

Ngokwesiko, indawo ahlala kuyo ikhona IBrahmapura, isixeko esimi phezu koThixo INtaba iMeru, kwelinye icala ithathwa njengeziko lehlabathi.

Brahma

Ukumelwa kweBrahma, uthixo ongumdali weNdalo iphela yobuHindu

La Ukumelwa kwe icon yeBrahma Yileyo yexhego elinebala elibomvu elineentloko ezine. Ezi ndevu zimhlophe zibonisa ubulumko. Ngamnye kwimilomo yomine ufunda enye yeeVedas ezine okanye isicatshulwa esingcwele. Ukwanazo neengalo ezine ezinezandla eziphethe izinto ezahlukeneyo:

  • Isikhongozeli samanzi, umthombo wobomi.
  • Umtya wamaso (yapha malaukubala iminyaka ye-Universe.
  • Isicatshulwa esivela kwiVedas.
  • Intyatyambo ye-lotusipadma).

UBrahma ubonakala kwimifanekiso eqingqiweyo nakwimizobo engasemva inkumba enkulu egama linguJansa, intaka yobuthixo ekuvumela ukuba uhambe ubude nobubanzi bendalo iphela.

Njengomdla, kufanele kuqatshelwe ukuba iBrahma ikwayindawo eyaziwayo yeebhiya eIndiya. Abantu abaninzi bayayisela ngaphandle kokuthathelwa ingqalelo njengengcwele.

Vishnu

Ukuba uBrahma nguthixo ongumdali, ubuHindu buqwalasele Vishnu njengothixo olondolozayo. Ungumgcini wocwangco, uxolo nothando kwiNdalo iphela. Unguthixo onamandla ogcwele ukulunga, okwaziyo ukwenza ezona zimangaliso zingacingekiyo nokuba ulwa kakhulu kwaye ukhohlakele needemon nezinto ezimbi.

Ngokwesiko, ikhaya likaVishnu lisendaweni ebizwa Vaikhunta, emi phezulu ngaphezu kwesibhakabhaka ngaphaya kweentaba zeHimalaya. Inkqubo ye- Imigulukudu, umlambo omkhulu oyingcwele waseIndiya, uphuma ezinyaweni zakhe. UVishnu utshatile Lakshmi, uthixokazi wobuhle nobutyebi.

Vishnu

Ukubonakaliswa kweklasikhi kukaVishnu yile yokubonakala komntu, isikhumba esiluhlaza esineengalo ezine. Esifubeni sakhe kukho ilokhwe yeenwele ezimhlophe. NjengoBrahma, naye uneempawu ezine azibambe kwisandla ngasinye kwezine:

  • Intyatyambo ye-lotusipadma).
  • Igobolondo le-conch (shanká) elakha lavakala emva koloyiso lomkhosi.
  • Imallet yegolide athe uVishnu watyumza ngayo iintloko zeedemon.
  • Iringi ebukhali kakhulu (ISudarshana chakra) ayisebenzisayo ukuxhela iidemon.

UVishnu uhlala ebonwa ehleli enkulu Intyatyambo yelotus Ukhatshwa nguLaksmi, elele esifubeni sakhe.

Shiva

Ilungu lesithathu leTrimurti UShiva, uthixo otshabalalisayo. Ngelixa uVishnu emele ukuqala kobomi, uShiva ufuzisela isiphelo. Indima yayo ibalulekile ngaphakathi kobuHindu, apho ukufa kufanelekileyo kuqala ukuze kuvele. Kungenxa yoko le nto engafanele kuthathwa njengothixo okhohlakeleyo, ngokuchaseneyo.

Amanye amagama akhe "ayingozi" okanye "umniki wolonwabo." Ukwanguthixo womdaniso, ke umculo kunye nomdaniso ubaluleke kakhulu kwiminyhadala kunye namasiko ajikeleze inani lakhe.

Umfazi kaShiva uthixokazi IParvati, owayenabantwana abathathu kunye naye: IAiapa, Ghanesa kunye neKartikeia, Ifazwe yezithixo. Indawo yokuhlala kaShiva ikwindawo ye Intaba kailash, okwangoku ikummandla wamaTshayina.

Shiva

Umfanekiso oqingqiweyo kaShiant kwitempile yamaHindu

Umfanekiso weklasikhi weShiva yile yogi inesikhumba esiluhlaza maxa wambi eboniswa ehleli kwindawo yokucamngca nangamanye amaxesha njengomdanisi omnye wemilenze yakhe esemoyeni. Entanyeni yakhe a inyoka efuzisela amandla abalulekileyo.

Uye Amehlo amathathu, enye yazo ibekwe ebunzi. Eli liso lesithathu limela inqwelomoya, nangona ngokwamasiko athile amehlo amathathu abonisa ukwahlulwahlulwa kwexesha ezintathu: elidlulileyo, elangoku nelizayo.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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