I-Habsburgs, enye imbali

Enye yezona zindlu zasebukhosini zibaluleke kakhulu eYurophu Indlu yaseHabsburg. Mkhulu, ubalulekile, udumile, uneenkosi ezibalaseleyo, kodwa namhlanje ngaphandle kokumkani okanye ukumkanikazi omnye. Ngelixa ezinye izindlu zasebukhosini zisindile kwaye ziqhubeka njengeentloko zamazwe abo i-Austrian House yaseHabsburg ayikho phakathi kwabo. Habsburg, eli gama livela kwinqaba yaseSwitzerland IHabichtsburg, Inqaba eyayihlala usapho phakathi kwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX, ye-XNUMX neye-XNUMX, kwinto ngoku eyiSwitzerland kodwa ke yayiyiDuchy yaseSwabia. Intsapho yakhula kwaye yandisa iimpembelelo zayo kwaye yakwazi ukuzinza ngakumbi kwindawo eyi-Austria ngoku.

Ngexesha nje elifutshane, izizukulwana ezibini okanye ezintathu, usapho lwakwazi ukuzinza njengogqatswa weetrone ngokusisigxina phakathi kwe-1272 kunye ne-1806 eNetherlands, eSpain, e-Itali, e-Austria nase-Portugal. Kodwa ke usapho yahlulwe yangamakhosi amabini: I-Habsburgs yaseSpain kunye ne-Austrian Habsburgs, ukususela ekuhanjisweni kwemihlaba yoMlawuli uCarlos V, okwanguKumkani waseSpain ukuya kuFernando I kwingingqi yaseOstriya. Ukusukela ngoko isebe lase-Austrian liza kuba nesihloko se- Abalawuli abangcwele baseRoma nefuthe kwizikumkani zaseBohemia naseHungary. Kwelalo icala, isebe laseSpain laliza kulawula kubukumkani baseSpain, izinto ezazinazo e-Italiya, eNetherlands kunye nasePortugal kangangexesha.

IiHabsurg zaseSpain zanyamalala ngokuzala ngenkulungwane ye-1918. Imitshato phakathi kwezihlobo ekugqibeleni ivelise iingxaki zengqondo kwaye umzekelo ocacileyo nguCarlos II waseSpain. Ngenxa yoko, okokuqala eSpain kwaye kamva e-Austria, kwakuza kubakho iimfazwe ezilandelelanayo. Ngapha koko, kwisebe losapho lase-Austrian bekukho imitshato embalwa phakathi kwezihlobo ezisondeleyo kwaye kusathethwa ngakumbi ukubhubha kwengqakaqha ye-heiresses ezininzi yayisesona sizathu siphambili sokuphela komnombo. Ngomtshato wendlalifa yokugqibela yeAustria Habsburgs, uMaría Teresa noFrancisco Esteban, uDuke waseLorraine, isebe laseHabsburg-Lorraine lazalwa, ulawulo olwaluza kufikelela esiphelweni ngo-XNUMX ngokoyiswa kwiMfazwe yeHlabathi yokuQala.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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