Yintoni ongayibona eCuzco

Isikwere seArms

Isikwere esikhulu

Ukuba ukhe wazibuza ngento oza kuyibona eCuzco, into yokuqala ekufuneka uyazi kukuba ibaluleke kangaka kwimbali etyebileyo yengingqi yeAndes kangangokuba uMgaqo-siseko EPeru inika udidi lwe Ikomkhulu lembali yelizwe. Akumangalisi ukuba nayo Ubukhosi beInca njengoko kubonisiwe ziitempile zayo zamandulo zenkcubeko yangaphambi kweColumbian kwaye isango eliya kwilivo Machu Picchu.

Kunye nako konke oku kungasentla, izitrato zayo ezibiyelweyo nezimxinwa, kunye neecawe zayo ezininzi ezimbejembeje, izindlu zamathanga kunye namabhotwe kuye kwakhokelela ekubeni iCuzco ibhengezwe Ilifa lehlabathi nokwaziwa ngokuba "IRoma yaseMelika". Okwangoku, isixeko sasePeruvia ngumxube onomdla wobugqi kunye nala maxesha, isiphithiphithi ezitalatweni kunye noxolo kwiitempile zayo. Ukuba ufuna ukwazi ukuba uza kubona ntoni eCuzco, silandele kolu hambo.

Yintoni ongayibona eCuzco: izikhumbuzo eziphambili

Izikhumbuzo ezifanelekileyo kakhulu zedolophu yaseAndes zilandelelana ngokufanelekileyo kuyo indawo yembali, enezakhiwo nje ezingaphezu kwekhulu ezidweliswe ngoluhlobo. Ngenxa yokungabinakwenzeka kokuzibandakanya zonke, siza kukuxelela ngezona zibalaseleyo.

Isikwere esikhulu

Elinye lamaziko emithambo-luvo yaseCuzco ukusukela mandulo. Ngapha koko, yayisele yenzelwe iiInca, ezazibhiyozela zonke iintlobo zemisitho apho. Kodwa amabhotwe abawakha kwisikwere anyamalele ukwenza indlela eyakhelwe ngabakholoniyali baseSpain, nayo engummangaliso. Kwelinye icala, inkokheli yemveli uJosé Gabriel Condorcanqui wabulawa apho ngo-1781, UTupac Amaru. Kukho izikhumbuzo ezibini onokuzindwendwela ePlaza de Armas. Kodwa gcinani engqondweni ukuba, xa ungathandabuzeki ngento oza kuyibona eCuzco, le ndawo inyanzelekile.

ICathedral yaseCuzco

ICuzco Cathedral

I-Cathedral Basilica yeNtombikazi yeNtombi

Eyokuqala yile cawe, eyakhiwa ngekhulu le-XNUMX nele-XNUMX kwibhotwe elalikade likho IViracocha. Amagqabantshintshi akhe ukuvuselelwa kwesigcawu. Yitempile eyenziwe zii-naves ezintlanu, ezimbini zazo zinikezelwe iicawa, kunye nomphambili ophambili. Kodwa eyona nto intle malunga nale cathedral uya kuyifumana ngaphakathi, nge i-baroque, i-late-gothic kunye ne-plateresque altare oqingqiweyo kananjalo ngemizobo ye Isikolo saseCuzqueña, eyayibaluleke kakhulu kuyo yonke iMelika yamathanga.

Iitempile zizalisa yonke iCathedral Yoloyiso, Apho umnqamlezo yokuqala yamaKatolika yesixeko yabekwa, savela eSpeyin, kunye YeSagrada Familia, yakhiwe ngamatye e-andesite kwaye ine-altarcepe e-baroque entle.

Icawa yoMbutho kaYesu

Sisakhiwo sesibini esikhulu oza kusifumana kwiPlaza de Armas. Ikwakhiwe kwi-andesite nakwi-basalt epinki, ine-nave kunye neendawo ezimbini zecawa ezihambelana ne-façade yayo kunye neenqaba zayo ezimbini. Eyokuqala kukuvulwa kwesithsaba kwisahlulo secandelo. Kwelinye icala lalo kukho I-Chapel yoMama wethu waseLoreto, onesitayile sokwakha baroque Iyahambelana naleyo yetempile.

Isitrato iHatun Rumiyoq

Kubonakala kuzo zonke izikhokelo malunga nokubona eCuzco. Kungenxa yokuba izakhiwo ezivela kwi-Inca, amaxesha obukoloniyali kunye neeriphabliki abekwe ngaphezulu. Ukongeza, kunye nezinye izitrato ezinje ngeSan Pedro, iMantas kunye neAlmudena yenze le Inca umzila olumanyanisa u-Antisuyo, apho ikhoyo iMachu Picchu, kunye no-Contisuyo. Le yayiyimimandla emibini okanye "eyakho" apho i-Inca Empire yahlulwa khona.

Kwesi sitalato yi Ibhotwe lika-ArchbishopIndlu enesitayile sobukoloniyali esine-façade ye-baroque enomda ziikholamu zikaSolomon Kwakhona icandelo lesakhiwo lidumile Ishumi elinambini iAngle Stone, intsalela yamandulo Ibhotwe laseInca Roca, inkosi yesithandathu yommandla waseCuzco.

Itempile yoloyiso

Itempile Yoloyiso

Indawo yaseSan Blas

Kwi nduli kufutshane naleya yangaphambili, esi sithili, sesinye sezona zintle kwisixeko saseAndes. Izitalato zayo ezimxinwa nezithambekileyo, isikwere sayo esinomtsalane kunye Icawa yaseSan Blas zezona zinto ziphambili. Le tempile yeyona indala esixekweni, yayakhiwe kwindawo engcwele yeInca kwaye ime ngeendonga zayo ezimhlophe.

ISanto Domingo kunye neCorichanca Convent

Eyokuqala ikwisitayile seRenaissance, nangona inqaba yayo iyiBaroque. Kodwa okubaluleke ngakumbi, ngaphakathi ungayibona intsalela ye- ICorichanca, eyona yayiyeyona ndawo ingcwele yeInca ebaluleke kakhulu kunikezelwe kwilanga likaThixo.Ukubaluleka kwale tempile kuya kukunika umbono wokuba iindonga zayo zazigutyungelwe ngamashiti egolide kwaye imifanekiso yayo yayenziwe ngento enye kwaye isilivere. Njengomdla, siya kukuxelela ukuba la makhishithi athathwe eCajamarca ukuhlawula intlawulelo ye- ndiyathetha, ngumlawuli wokugqibela weInca.

Icawa yaseLa Merced

Lulwakhiwo neoclassical ngenqaba yentsimbi ye-baroque enezihlomelo konongendi kunye nesikolo. Ngaphakathi kukho izibingelelo zeNeoclassical kunye neBaroque. Kodwa ime ngaphezulu kwayo yonke Ukugcinwa kweMercedarian, umsebenzi omangalisayo wegolide ngegolide kunye namatye axabisekileyo.

Njengomdla, siya kukuxelela ukuba yonke iMvulo eNgcwele ifika kule tempile Nkosi yeTyikitya, Umfanekiso kaYesu waseNazarete ongumxhasi wesixeko saseCuzco.

IArch yaseSanta Clara

Uya kuyifumana kwelinye icala Isikwere saseSan Francisco. Yintsimbi yoloyiso eyalelwa yinkokheli yenkululeko ukuba yakhiwe UAndrés de Santa Cruz ngo-1835 ukukhumbula ukuqala kwe-Confederation yasePeru-Bolivia. It is a arch semicircular aramed by Ionic columns and topped by two condors and a statueimele inkululeko.

ICorichanca

ISanto Domingo kunye neCorichanca Convent

Izindlu kunye nePalace

Kuya kufuneka ubone eCuzco amabhotwe aliqela kunye nezindlu zobukhosi. Phakathi kwayo, siza kukukhankanya kwiindawo zokuhlala ezinjenge Iindlalifa zikaRodriguez, la Ochoa Raa okanye iTruco House, leyo yeMarquis yaseValle Umbroso, Leyo yeeOblitas o leyo kaMateo Pumacahua.

IMachu Picchu kunye nezinye iInca zihlala

Zonke ezo sele sizikhankanyile kunye nezinye ezininzi ziyimimangaliso yesixeko sasePeruvia. Kodwa okunomtsalane ngakumbi yile nto uyibonayo kwindawo ekungqongileyo edolophini nakwindawo ethe qelele. Ayilolize, iCuzco igcwele Intlambo Engcwele yeInca.

Kwiikhilomitha nje ezintathu ukusuka apho unayo induli Sacsayhuaman, ekubonelela ngeembono ezintle zesixeko. Ukongeza, uya kufumana khona amasalela odonga oludala, imiqolo emithathu yeendonga ezenziwe ngamatye amakhulu kwaye zilungiswe kwi-zigzag.

Nangona kunjalo, akunakwenzeka ukuba uthethe ngento oza kuyibona eCuzco ngaphandle kokwenza malunga nenqaba yaseInca yaseMachu Picchu, ngaphandle kokuba ikumgama omalunga neekhilomitha ezisibhozo. Kungenxa yokuba lolona khenketho kugxilwe kulo ePeru kwaye inexabiso elininzi lokuziphatha kunye nembali.

Eyakhelwe ngaphambi kwenkulungwane ye-1902, yafunyanwa ngo-XNUMX ngumnini-mhlaba waseCuzco UAgustin Lizárraga, nangona ukufaneleka kuye uHiram Bingham, umhloli wamazwe waseMelika. Yimpikiswano eqhubekayo unanamhla kodwa ayinamsebenzi kuhambo lwethu.

Okubaluleke ngakumbi, yayiyi lalaqta, igama le-Inca elinokulingana namakomkhulu ethu olawulo. Yahlulwe yangamacandelo amabini: ezolimo, ezinemiqolo endulini apho ikhoyo, kunye nedolophu, enezindlu, amabhotwe kunye neetempile ezifana neLanga. Ayisiyiyo iNdawo yeLifa leMveli leHlabathi kuphela, kodwa indawo yonke njenge iphelele, ihlanganiswe phantsi kwegama lika Ingcwele yeMbali kaMachu Picchu inani phakathi kwe- Iimpawu ezisixhenxe ezintsha zeHlabathi.

Isixeko saseMachu Picchu

Machu Picchu

Akunakwenzeka ukuba sicaphule kuwe yonke into onokuyibona kule dolophu yakudala yaseInca. Kodwa siza kuthetha nge Isikwere esingcwele kunye neetempile eziphambili kunye neThathu zeWindows; i Indawo yokuhlala yasebukhosini, eyona ndawo inkulu yokuhlala kwikhomkhulu; i ipiramidi ye-intihuatana, ngohlobo lwethambeka; i amaqela oMdaka kunye neCondor, zombini ukusetyenziswa kwesiko; i Iliwa elingcwele kunye Izinyuko zemithombo, ineengxangxasi ezilishumi elinesithandathu.

Ukuba uyayithanda i- ukuhambaungatsala umnxeba Inca umzila, eyayiyindlela yokufikelela ephambili eMachu Picchu. Nangona kunjalo, kuya kufuneka ubume, kuba ihlala iintsuku ezine kwaye, ukongeza, ukuphakama (i-2430 yeemitha ngaphezulu komgangatho wolwandle) kunokubangela iingxaki zempilo.

ICuzco gastronomy

Ukongeza kuyo yonke into ekufuneka uyibonile eCuzco, kuyacetyiswa kakhulu ukuba uzame i-gastronomy yayo. I-cuisine yasePeruvia ibekwe njengenye yezona zimnandi kakhulu kwihlabathi kwaye idolophu yaseAndes ayikho ngaphandle. Izitya eziqhelekileyo zeCuzco zisebenzisa kakhulu iimveliso zendalo ezinje ngombona, iitapile, iquinoa kunye nesilili.
Phakathi kwezo zitya kubonakala chiri uchu. Inombona, inyama engenamanzi okanye i-jerky, i-Guinea pig (uhlobo lwempuku), itshizi, inkukhu, i-cochayuyo yolwandle, i-rocoto pepper, i-jerky, i-sausages kunye ne-fish roe. Njengoko ubona, iresiphi enamandla.

Phakathi kwesobho, i ngokweneneIsityu senyama yegusha, iitapile, iminqathe kunye neembotyi, okanye isuphu yequinoa, ilula kunangaphambili. Ngokubhekisele kwinyama, unayo ihagu yehagu ebhakaweyo; yena Cuzco chicharrón, Yenziwe ngehagu; i imilenze yebramble, Ezilingana ngokulinganayo inyama yehagu kunye netswele, ipepile kunye negalikhi, okanye ihagu ebhakiweyo.

Kwelinye icala i mushroom kapchi Ifezekile ukuba ungutya imifuno, njengoko iqulethe, ukongeza kule mveliso, iimbotyi, isilili, iitapile, itswele, itshizi, ubisi, ioyile ye-olive kunye ne-huacatay, imifuno enencasa. Ukutya okulula, kuqhelekile umbona (umbona) netshizi.

Ngokubhekisele kwiziselo eziqhelekileyo, eCuzco the chicha de jora, eyenziwayo ngombona onomthi kunye notywala kuyo. Xa idityaniswa namaqunube, ibizwa njalo Ndingathanda ipere yezinto zokukhafula kwiishethi.

Ungaziva zonke ezi zitya neziselo kwifayile ye- imbonis, iindawo apho kulungiswa khona ukutya kwesintu. Akunakubalwa kuzo zonke iidolophu zasePeru. Kwidolophu yakudala yaseCuzco kuphela oya kufumana ngaphezulu kwekhulu.

Ivenkile yokutya eCuzco

Ivenkile yokutya eCuzco

Elona xesha lilungileyo lokuba undwendwele iCuzco

Isixeko saseAndes siphantse amawaka amane eemitha Phezu komphakamo wolwandle, tyhobozela entlanjeni kaYehova Umlambo waseHuatanay neenduli eziyilayo. Ngenxa yoko, imozulu yayo ithambile unyaka wonke, zombini malunga nokubanda nobushushu. Iqondo lobushushu kunqabile ukuba liwele ngaphantsi kweqondo okanye lidlule kumashumi amathathu.

Nangona kunjalo, bahlukile kwimozulu yabo amaxesha amabini icace gca. Ukusuka ngoNovemba ukuya ku-Matshi lixesha lemvula elinamaqondo obushushu aphakathi nangona ethanjiswe ngumoya obandayo wasentabeni. Kwelinye icala, ukusukela ngo-Epreli ukuya ku-Okthobha kukho ixesha elomileyo, nelanga emini kunye neqabaka ebusuku.

Ngenxa yoko, ezona nyanga zibalaseleyo zokundwendwela iCuzco zezo Epreli noMeyi. Nangona kubanda ngandlel 'ithile, amaqondo obushushu nawo aphakathi kwaye awunangxaki yemvula xa ubona izikhumbuzo zayo ezintle. Kwakhona, awuyi kufumana ukhenketho oluninzi ngoJulayi nango-Agasti.

Ufika njani eCuzco kwaye ujikeleze isixeko

Emva kokuchaza esiza kubona eCuzco, isisu sayo kunye nemozulu, sinokuthetha kuphela malunga nendlela yokufika kwisixeko saseAndes. Inesikhululo seenqwelomoya, UAlejandro Velasco Astete, igama le-aviator eyabaleka okokuqala phakathi kweLima neCuzco ngeAndes ngo-1925.

Nangona kunjalo, le aerodrome ifumana iinqwelomoya ezimbalwa. Kungcono uhambe uye Lima kwaye, ukusuka apho, thabatha enye yeenqwelomoya ezininzi ezenza indlela eya eCuzco. Ukongeza, iVelasco Astete izakuvalwa kungekudala (kuqikelelwa ukuba ngo-2022) izakutshintshwa yiChinchero International Airport.

Ngayiphi na imeko, iAerodrome esebenza ziikhilomitha ezintlanu kuphela ukusuka eCuzco. Akukho zibhasi. Konke oku kwenza ezona ndlela zokuthakazelisa ukuba wenze oluhambo iteksi. Nangona kunjalo, iirhafu azikho kwisixeko saseAndes. Ukuthintela ukukhutshwa, vumelana ngexabiso nomqhubi ngaphambi kokungena kwisithuthi. Ngokwesiqhelo ujikeleze phakathi kwe-10 kunye ne-15 soles. Kuba i-sol itshintshiswa malunga ne-0,25 euro, ireyithi yemali yethu iya kuba phakathi kwe-2,50 kunye ne-3,75 euro

Isikhululo senqwelomoya saseCuzco

Alejandro Velasco Isikhululo senqwelomoya saseAstete

Kukwakho nezinye iibhasi ezibiziweyo indibaniselwano abenza le ndlela kwaye bahamba kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zeCuzco. Nangona kunjalo, asibacebisi. Abanawo umboko kwaye kukwakho nokuphanga okuninzi kubo, ngakumbi kubakhenkethi.

Kanye esixekweni, ungandwendwela ngeenyawo, kuba ayinkulu kakhulu kwaye phantse zonke izikhumbuzo zayo zikwiziko layo eliyimbali. Nawe unayo iibhasi zabakhenkethi, ikhuselekile kunezo zangaphambili kwaye ingena kwiindawo ezaziwa kakhulu. Ixabiso layo lijikelezile I-20 soles kwaye banomgangatho wesibini oguqukayo.

Kwahluke kakhulu ukuba ufuna ukuya eMachu Picchu. Imalunga neekhilomitha ezimashumi mahlanu kuphela kude, kodwa umhlaba unzima. Ngapha koko, ngaphandle kokuba ubenobuganga bokwenza i Inca umzila esele sikuxelele ngayo, ekuphela kwendlela yokufika kwisixeko esingcwele uloliwe. Uhambo luhlala malunga neeyure ezintathu kwaye ngamava amnandi. Kungenxa yokuba ngoololiwe bepaneli abakunika umbono omangalisayo weAndes.

Ngamafutshane, ukuba ufuna ukufumanisa ukuba uza kubona ntoni eCuzco, esi sikhokelo sifutshane siza kusebenza njengehlakani. Ngoku kufuneka ubhukishe uhambo lwakho. Yisixeko esihle Ilifa lehlabathi. Nangona kunjalo, soloko ukhumbula ukuba iphantse ibe ziimitha ezingamawaka amane ukuphakama. Kwaye oku akukhuthazwa kubantu abaneemeko ezithile. Sikucebisa thetha nogqirha wakho ngaphambi kohambo.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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