Ulwazi malunga neCuba

iimoto zecuba eziqhelekileyo

Nanini na xa ucinga ngeCuba, imihlaba echumileyo, iilwandle ezintle, abantu abonwabileyo nabanobuhlobo, kunye namasiko kunye izithethe zaseCuba uninzi lwethu esele luyazi. Kodwa nokuba ayiloxesha lokuqala lokuya kweli lizwe leCaribbean, licebo elilungileyo ukuzazisa kwaye ufunde okungakumbi ngesi siqithi sihle. Ke ngoko, ngezantsi sabelana ulwazi malunga neCuba kunye nezinye iinyani ezinomdla malunga neCuba.

Iinyani ezinomdla malunga neCuba

cuba isitalato neflegi

Ukujonga ngokufutshane iinyani ezinomdla ngeCuba, Siza kugxila kwimiba ethile enje ngembali, uphuhliso kunye nolunye ulwazi malunga neCuba oluya kuba luncedo kuwe.

Imbali yaseCuba

ibhokisi ngolwazi malunga neCuba

  • Usenokungayazi, kodwa igama elisemthethweni laseCuba linjalo "IRiphabhlikhi yaseCuba", ethi yona ibunjwe sisiqithi saseCuba, i-Isla Juventud kunye nezinye iziqithi ezincinci.
  • Rhoqo abahambi abaphindayo babhekisa eCuca njenge “El Caimán” okanye “El Cocodrilo”, ubukhulu becala ngenxa yendlela ebonakala ngayo imile xa ijongwa ngombono womoya.
  • Ngenxa yokwandiswa komhlaba, ICuba ithathwa njengeyona siqithi sikhulu kwiCaribbean, kuba igubungela ummandla we-110.860 km².
  • Ayisiyiyo loo nto kuphela, iCuba inabemi abangaphezu kwezigidi ezili-11, isenza ukuba sibe sisiqithi sesibini esinabemi abaninzi kwiCaribbean, kunye nesona siqithi seshumi elinesithandathu sinabemi abaninzi kwihlabathi liphela.
  • Omnye we iinyani ezinomdla zaseCuba kukuba abemi bayo bokuqala babengamaIndiya aseMelika abizwa ngokuba yiCiboney. Bafuduka bevela eMzantsi Melika, ngelixa amaTaíno afika evela e-Hispaniola ngekhulu lesi-XNUMX AD kunye naseGuanajatabey, ababefumaneka kwintshona yeCuba xa abantu baseYurophu befika kuqala.
  • UChristopher Columbus wafika kunxweme olusempuma-mpuma eCuba ngo-Oktobha 28, 1942, kufutshane kakhulu nendawo ngoku eyaziwa ngokuba yiBariay, kwiPhondo laseHoguín. Ngalo mzuzu, UColumbus wabanga isiqithi saseCuba kubukumkani obutsha baseSpain.
  • Nangona kungekho siqinisekiso malunga noku, kukholelwa ukuba igama leCuba lithathwe kulwimi lwesiTaíno. Inguqulelo yakho ekufutshane isenokuba "Indawo apho umhlaba uchumileyo uchumile" (cubao) okanye "indawo enkulu" (coabana). Kukholelwa ukuba uChristopher Columbus wabiza iCuba ngegama likaCiudad Cuba ePortugal.
  • Indawo yokuqala yaseSpain eBaracoa yasekwa nguGeorge Velázquez de Cuéllar ngonyaka we-1511.

Ukuphuhliswa kweCuba

umzobo we-cuba

  • La Habana sesona sixeko sinabantu abaninzi eCuba Ngabantu abangaphezu kwezigidi ezi-2, ikwindawo yesithathu yabemi abaninzi kwiCaribbean. Ikomkhulu laseCuba kwaye kulapha apho akhoyo amaziko aphezulu oRhulumente kunye noRhulumente waseCuba.
  • Ngenxa yokuphuhliswa kwesi siqithi njengeSpanish Colony, abemi baseCuba bancipha ngokukhawuleza, ikakhulu njengesiphumo sesifo, kunye neemeko ezimbi ezazikho kwinkulungwane elandelayo.
  • Inani elikhulu lamakhoboka aseAfrika angeniswe eCuba ukuze asebenze kummoba nakwindawo zokulima ikofu. Ngenxa yoko, iHavana yaba yindawo yokuphehlelela iinqwelomoya zonyaka kunye nobuncwane obuya eSpain ukusuka ePeru naseMexico.
  • ICuba yahlala ikoloni yaseSpain kwada kwangowe-1898, nangona oomongameli abahlanu baye bazama ukuthenga esi siqithi phakathi kowe-1845 nowe-1898. UMongameli UMcKinley Unikele ngezigidi ezingama-300 zeedola ukuthenga iCuba, nje ngaphambi kokuba amaMelika ahlasele ngexesha leMfazwe yaseSpain-Amerika yowe-1898.
  • ICuba yafumana ukuzimela kwayo emva kokoyiswa kweSpain kwimfazwe yaseSpain-America. Ngaphandle kwenyani kunye nombulelo kwiSivumelwano saseParis, i-United States yasala ilawulwa sesi siqithi njengomkhuseli ngoJanuwari 1899 kwaye yandisa ulawulo lwayo de kwaba li-1902.

Iinkcukacha ezingakumbi malunga neCuba

UFidel Castro

Siza kugqiba inqaku ezine iinyani malunga neCuba ekufuneka uyazi:

  • Ngo-1959, Fidel Castro ivela kwindawo njengesiqwenga somkhosi wabavukeli wenguqu yobukomanisi eya kuthi ekugqibeleni ibakhokelele ekuphumeleleni. Ukusukela ngelo xesha, urhulumente wobuzwilakhe kaFidel Castro wayeza kuhlala iminyaka engama-50, kude kube nguFebruwari 2008, xa wanyanzelwa ukuba arhoxe esikhundleni ngenxa yeengxaki zempilo.
  • UMongameli wase-United States, u-Dwight David Eisenhower, evume ngo-1960, icebo le-CIA lokuxhobisa nokuqeqesha iqela leembacu zaseCuba ngenjongo babhukuqe urhulumente kaCastro. Uhlaselo oludumileyo lwe-Bay of Pigs lwenzeka ngo-Epreli 14, 1961. Ngelo xesha, malunga ne-1.400 yeembacu zaseCuba ezafika kwi-Bay of Pigs, nangona kunjalo basilela kumzamo wabo wokubhukuqa uRhulumente.
  • ECuba, bonke abemi abangaphezulu kweminyaka eli-16 ubudala nabangagwetywanga ityala lolwaphulo-mthetho banokuvota. Unyulo lokugqibela olwalubanjelwe eCuba lwalungoFebruwari 3, 2013, unyulo olulandelayo lwalungo-2018.
  • URaúl Castro, ngoku olawula iCuba, uxele ukuba uzakushiya isikhundla sakhe ngo-2018, ekupheleni kwexesha lakhe leminyaka emihlanu.

Ngaba uyazi ngakumbi iinyani ezinomdla ngeCuba Yintoni esinokuyongeza kule nto sikuxelele yona? Sixelele ngamava akho kwaye usincede sandise olu lwazi malunga neCuba.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo ezi-2, shiya ezakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

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  1.   Mariam sitsho

    UCristobal Colon wafika eCuba ngo-1492 hayi ngo-1942 hahaha, bulisa

  2.   Uluhlu lwamagama sitsho

    Ixesha le-TV ka-2019-20 liyakhula libe lelona linzima kunye nelona lininzi elingenakubalwa. Kukho izinto ezinkulu ezimangalisayo, abaqhubi beenqwelomoya zokuqala abaza kuza kunye nokuqalisa kwakhona / ukuvuselela kwimisebenzi, nayo. Nangona kunjalo ibango lihamba, "Phuma nendala, ungene entsha kraca." Ngelixa ezinye ingqokelela ziphela kwinto ecwangciswe kwangaphambili, inqaku eliphezulu elungeleleneyo, iinkqubo ezahlukeneyo 'zokuphila ziye zancitshiswa kuphuhliso olufutshane. Ke, ngelishwa, apha ngezantsi luluhlu lwazo zonke iinkqubo zethelevishini onokuthi ubonakalise ukuba uyahamba kulo nyaka.

    Ndifumane