Inkcubeko kunye nenkcubeko yokwakha yasePopayán

I-Latin America ineendawo ezintle kwaye Kholambiya Igxila kwezona zibalaseleyo. Umzekelo, I-Popayán, Esinye sezona zixeko zidala kunye neyona ndawo igcinwe kakuhle eMelika yobukoloniyali. Inelifa lenkcubeko elibaluleke kakhulu kunye nenkcubeko.

Ityala lasePopayán liyakumangalisa, kodwa ikwangumzi onesidlo esimnandi, esineentlobo ngeentlobo kunye nesonka esimnandi, kungoko sinokuthi xa sele uyindwendwele, iya kukushiya neenkumbulo ezilungileyo. Namhlanje, eVenkile Viajes, i inkcubeko etyebileyo yenkcubeko kunye neyokwakha yasePopayán ...

I-Popayán

Esi sixeko saseColombia kukwisebe laseCauca, phakathi kweNtshona neCentral Cordillera, kwintshona yelizwe. Yi indawo eneenyikima kakhulu kwaye isixeko siye sathwaxwa ziinyikima ezininzi ngenxa yoko kukho umsebenzi osisigxina wolondolozo lwelifa laso elikhulu lokwakha.

Umlambo iCauca uyayiwela kwaye uyonwabela a Imozulu epholileyo Nangona, namhlanje, njengezinye iindawo ezininzi zehlabathi ezichaphazeleka lutshintsho lwemozulu, inamaxesha athile ehlobo.

Imbali yePopayán ayiqali ngekholoni, ewe. Une Imbali ye-prehispanic yintoni le ayilahlileyo Ukwakhiwa kwepiramidi, iindlela kunye namangcwaba. ISpanish yasungula iPopayán ngoJanuwari 1537, kukhangelo olupheleleyo lukaEl Dorado. U-Adelantado Belalcázar uyenzile, ikwangulo waseka uQuito kunye no-Santiago de Cali ekukhangeleni kwakhe ubutyebi.

Ukusukela ngoko ukuya esixekweni, ngelixa ligcina igama lalo lomthonyama, liya kuguqulwa libe sisixeko esiqhelekileyo sasilandela imigaqo ye-Spain. Yayinabahlawuli boomasipala, amabhunga, oosodolophu, icawa ...

Nangona iSpanish yayiza kuzisa imbewu kunye neenkomo kula mazwe, inyani kukuba kungekudala yonke into yayijikeleze oro kunye nokuxhatshazwa kwayo. Ke, uPopayán waba yenye ye ezona zixeko zibalulekileyo nezityebileyo zeViceroyalty yaseNew Granada. Eyona nto yayiphambili kubutyebi besixeko yayikukuthengiswa kwegolide nokuthengiswa kwamakhoboka.

Ngesinye isikhathi, uPopayán wancintisana nezinye iidolophu ezibalulekileyo ezifana neCagagena okanye iBogotá. Ubutyebi beentsapho zasekuhlaleni bukhokelele ekwakhiweni kwezindlu zokwenene kunye notyalo mali kubugcisa bezenkolo bazo zonke iintlobo. Konke oku kwenza ubutyebi bezenkcubeko nobugcisa banamhlanje.

IPopayán, isixeko esimhlophe

Le yindlela eyaziwa ngayo, IPopayán, isixeko esimhlophe. Inyani yile yokuba ikwazile ukugcina, ngaphandle kwexesha, izidubedube zezopolitiko kunye neenyikima, uninzi lwezakhiwo zazo ezindala. Lakhe isigcina-ntloko Intle: inezindlu zendlela, izitrato ezenziwe ngamatye, iipatio ezineentyatyambo, iitempile ezinesidima nayo yonke into zipeyintwe mhlophe qhwa iphantse iyenze ibe nyulu. Umzekelo omkhulu wendlela yaseMelika yobukoloniyali.

I-Popayán ziiyure nje ezintathu ukusuka eCali Ukuhamba ngemoto kwaye ke yenye yezona ndawo zidumileyo zabakhenkethi. Izinto zokuqala kuqala: iziko layo eliyimbali, elilungele ukuphononongwa ngeenyawo ukuze wazi ubuhle uyilo lwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX, ye-XNUMX neye-XNUMX. Nantsi Ipaki yeCaldas, intliziyo yesixeko esivela kuso. Kukwindawo engqongileyo ezizakhiwo ezintle zekoloniyali ...

Ukusuka kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMX intle iwotshi yewotshi, ikwabizwa ngokuba «impumlo Popayán». Iwotshi yenziwe ngobhedu kwaye sisiqwenga esiziswe ngokukodwa eLondon. Kukho ifayile ye IHumilladero Bridge, apho umbono wesixeko mkhulu, othi kwangaxeshanye udibanise iziko kunye namadlelo asemantla. Kubude beemitha ezingama-240 kwaye kuphawula umnyango wokuqala wesixeko.

Yakhiwa embindini wenkulungwane ye-XNUMX kwaye namhlanje iluphawu lomfanekiso, amanyathelo nje ukusuka kwisikwere esikhulu. Kukufutshane ne Ibhulorho yoLondolozo, ibhulorho entle yamatye eyakhiwa ngo-1713 ukuvumela abefundisi ukuba bawele umlambo iMolino.

Ukuhamba uya kubona ezininzi iikofu, iivenkile kunye neeresityu kwaye ke, iitempile zonqulo. Inkqubo ye- Icawa yesan francisco Yeyona tempile inkulu yobukoloniyali kwaye intle ngokwenene. Unokwenza ukhenketho ngesikhokelo, ukuze ufunde okungakumbi ngesakhiwo. Emva kwenyikima eyenzeka ngo-1983, ibhokisi yaqhekeka yatyhila imizimba emithandathu eyayithotywe. Namhlanje zimbini kuphela ezishiyekileyo kwaye azinakuhlala zibonwa, kodwa kukhenketho unokuba nethamsanqa. Ukujikeleza kwekona kukho enye icawa kwaye ke uya kubona ezininzi ngakumbi.

Ngokomzekelo, icawa endala edolophini yaqala ngo-1546 kwaye yaziwa ngokuba yiLa Ermita. Kuphakathi kwe-El Morro kunye nedolophu yedolophu kwaye ayisiyiyo intle kunayo yonke kodwa inemibono elungileyo ngophahla lweorenji yobukoloniyali kunye nefresco entle endala.

Ewe isixeko esinekhulu leminyaka sineemyuziyam. Inkqubo ye- Imyuziyam yaseGuillermo Valencia Isebenza kwindlu entle yenkulungwane ye-XNUMX kwaye inemizobo, ifanitshala kunye neefoto ezindala ezazingumniniyo, imbongi yalapho.

Enye imyuziyam yile KwiMyuziyam yeNdlu yeMosquera, nakwindlu yenkulungwane ye-XNUMX eyayisakuba likhaya likaGeneral Tomas Cipriano de Mosquera, umongameli waseColombia amatyeli amane ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX. Kwaye bathi eludongeni kukho umchamo wentliziyo yakhe ...

El Imyuziyam yaseArchdiocesan yoBugcisa beNkolo Iquka imizobo, imifanekiso eqingqiweyo, izinto zesilivere, izibingelelo kunye nobugcisa bezenkolo, konke oku kususela kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMX ukuya kweye-XNUMX. Kukho ifayile ye IMyuziyam yeMbali yeNdalo, kumabala eyunivesithi, eyona myuziyam ilungileyo yohlobo lwayo eColombia.

Inyani yile yokuba iPopayán sisixeko ekufuneka siphonononge ngeenyawo, ngaphandle kokungxama kunye newaka lekhefu. Amanyathelo akho aya kukuthatha ukusuka apha ukuya phaya, phakathi kwezindlu zokuhlala, iipatiyo ezinewaka leentyatyambo, i-facade emhlophe kunye neeresityu ezivela apho kuvela khona amavumba amnandi. Ke, xa ujikeleza, uya kufikelela kwinqanaba lesixeko apho umfanekiso oqingqiweyo womseki wawo, uSebastián de Belalcázar, ubekwe ngokufanelekileyo ngaphezulu kwento eyayiyipiramidi yakudala, IMorro de Tulcán.

Ukuba unosuku olucacileyo nolucacileyo, uya kuba nakho ukubona nangaphaya kweDolophu endala yasePopayán kwaye uyayixabisa intaba ezintle eziyamkelayo. Ukunyuka apha kufuna umphefumlo kunye nesiqingatha, kodwa ngekhe uhambe ungakhange ubone yonke into ukusuka kule ndawo iphakamileyo.

Njengoko besitshilo ekuqaleni, isixeko sikwabonelela enye yeendlela ezilungileyo kakhulu eColombia ke ngekhe uhambe ungakhange uzame izitya zabo. Esona sitya sithandwayo sendawo yile Itreyi paisa, kunye nerayisi, amaqanda othosiweyo, inyama yehagu yegolide, iibhanana kunye neeavokhado. Uyolo! Kwaye ke, ezakudala iiarepas abasileli nako.

Indawo elungileyo yokutyela yiLa Fresca, ivenkile encinci ekumitha ezimbalwa ukusuka kwesona sikwere kwaye yenye yezona zidala nezaziwayo. Ayithethi kangako ekuboneni kuqala, kodwa iipipian empanaditas zabo kukutya okumnandi (okuxhonywe ngeetapile ezinesosi se-peanut eshushu)

Iindlela zokubaleka ezivela ePopayán

Ukuba injongo yakho kukuhlala ngaphezulu kosuku olunye ePopayán ke kukho utyelelo onokulwenza. Umzekelo, ungasondela ISan Agustín kwaye yazi indawo yayo yangaphambi kweColumbian ekhuselweyo yi I-UNESCO

 

Kukho i Ipaki yeSizwe yePurace, eyona inkulu kule ngingqi. Inentaba-mlilo enekhephu elingunaphakade, inika igama layo ipaki, kwaye ukuba uyathanda ukunyuka okanye ukunyuka intaba yeyona ndawo ifanelekileyo. Ngaphandle koko, unokuhamba ngebhasi kwindlela engagangathwanga kodwa ukonwabele ukubonwa okuhle, ngemithombo eshushu, inkungu kunye neengxangxasi. Ngethamsanqa uya kubona ikhondor evela kwiAndes.

Iyure enye ukusuka ePopayán ISilvia, idolophu encinci esezintabeni idume kakhulu kuba veki nganye kukho intengiso yemveli. Ukutyunjwa kungoLwezibini. Ngolo suku abantu baseGuambiano bafika bevela ezilalini kwaye bagcina ukuthengisa kunye nokuthenga iimveliso. Unokubhalisela uhambo lwejipi oluncinci kwezi dolophana, ukubazi okanye utya isidlo sasemini kwifama.

Uyayithanda imithombo yamanzi ashushu? Emva koko ungaya Coconuco Thermal Baths, inyathelo elinye ukusuka ePopayán. Inamachibi amabini ahlukeneyo, amanzi abilayo kunye namanzi afudumeleyo, kwaye ukuba ubunyuka ngePurace ke oku kunokuba sisiphelo esifanelekileyo somzimba nengqondo yakho.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo ezi-2, shiya ezakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

*

*

  1.   fabian lara oña sitsho

    Uyilo oluhle ekufuneka lubenombhali phantse yonke i-Ecuador, kuya kuba kuhle ukufumana ababhali bayo ukuze banxibelelanise abakhi kunye nabakhi belo xesha, ukuseka ngokucacileyo isitayile (i-baroque?) Okanye i-eclectic engcono yeendlela ezahlukeneyo zokugubungela iphepha. Kuyo nayiphi na imeko imibuliso yam kunye nokuvuyisana

  2.   Idoris yasePanamani sitsho

    Molo, sihle kanjani isixeko sasePopayan, ndikhangela uMnu. Yimi Gonzalez, okanye uNksk. IMedina Nceda unxibelelane nezi fowuni zilandelayo 316-3299895 okanye 314-8498161 okanye 310-3279514 enkosi kakhulu.