Popayán, kutheni isaziwa njenge "sixeko esimhlophe"?

popayan isixeko esimhlophe

IPopayán, isixeko esimhlophe, yenye yezona ndawo zinomdla kubakhenkethi eColombia. Indawo ezele ngamatye anqabileyo oyilo kwaye ebonelela ngeendwendwe zayo ngesipho seenkwenkwezi ezintlanu. Kwakhona, kunye neCagagena de Indias, eyona ndawo iphambili ukhenketho lwenkcubeko yelizwe

Kodwa eyona nto ibalulekileyo ngePopayán, ubuncinci eyona nto yothusa umhambi oyindwendwelayo okokuqala, mihle ulwakhiwo lwesitayile sobukoloniyali. Zonke, iicawa kunye nezakhiwo zasekuhlaleni, zabelana ngeempawu ezibalulekileyo: Umbala omhlophe yamacala ayo.

Nangona kunjalo, umhlophe ayingombala wokuqala we ikomkhulu lesebe laseCauca. Kubonakala ngathi "ifashoni" yokupeyinta ii-facade ezimhlophe yaqala ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX kwaye yaphumelela kangangokuba yasasazeka embindini wedolophu.

Kumashumi eminyaka adlulileyo uninzi lwezakhiwo zokubuyisela ziye zagqiba fumana imibala efana ne-ocher, ukukhanya okuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka kunye nomthubiLeyo, ngokoluvo lwayo, ibonisa eyona ndawo inyanisekileyo yesixeko sokuqala sobukoloniyali, isiseko seSpanish USebastian de Belalcázar ngonyaka 1536.

Umbono "wokubuyisela imibala yawo" ePopayán yayiyeyona nto iphikisanayo, kuba enye yezona ndawo zinomtsalane kubakhenkethi kule ndawo ngokuchanekileyo sisiqhulo esithi "isixeko esimhlophe." Kwaye ukhenketho, akufuneki silulibale, yenye yeentsika ezisisiseko zoqoqosho lwayo.

Yintoni ongayibona ePopayán, isixeko esimhlophe

IPopayán sisixeko esikumema ukuba uhambe. Izitrato zayo kunye nezikwere zinika undwendwe ikhathalogu enomtsalane yezihombo zokwakha kunye neekona ezinomdla. Ngapha koko, zonke zigxile embindini wedolophu kwaye zifikeleleka ngokulula ngeenyawo. Nazi ezinye zezo ongenakuphulukana nazo:

I-morro del tulcan

IMorro del Tulcán, eyona mbono ilungileyo kwisixeko esimhlophe.

IMorro del Tulcán

Ukusuka kule nduli, abanye bayibiza ngokuba "yipiramidi" ungonwabela ezona ndawo zintle zepopayán, isixeko esimhlophe. Ngaphezulu kwefayile ye- IMorro del Tulcán umfanekiso oqingqiweyo wamahashe kaSebastián de Belalcázar uphakanyisiwe.

I-Cathedral Basilica yoMama wethu woNyuko

Le cathedral (leyo isemfanekisweni okhokela iposti) yeyesitayile sokwakha esahlukileyo kwezinye iitempile ePopayán. Isizathu kukuba isakhiwo sokuqala satshatyalaliswa ngo-1566 ukuba sakhiwe kwakhona kamva Uhlobo lwe-neoclassical. Eyona nto iphambili kuyo idome yayo Ukuphakama kweemitha ezingama-40.

Ipaki yeCaldas

Ime embindini wedolophu yasePopayán. Kukho umfanekiso oqingqiweyo wesilumko UFrancisco Jose de Caldas, enika ipaki igama layo. Kujikelezwe zizakhiwo ezahlukeneyo ezinjengeOfisi kaMeya kaMasipala, iBhotwe lika-Archbishop okanye iClock Tower, kunye nezinye iimyuziyam kunye neecawe ezifanelekileyo ukutyelela.

 

idolophu encinci patajo popayan rincón payanés

Ukufikelela kuPueblito Patojo (Rincón Payanés).

UPueblito Patojo (URincón Payanés)

Ukuba unexesha elincinci lokwazi iPopayán, isixeko esimhlophe saseColombia, le yindawo ekufuneka uye kuyo. Kwi UPueblito Patojo (ekwabizwa ngokuba URincon Payanés) Kukho izinto ezizezona zezona zikhumbuzo zibalulekileyo zedolophu, kunye nentengiso eyonwabisayo apho ungangcamla okona kutya kuphucukileyo kwalapha ekhaya.

IHumiladero Bridge

Enye yeekona ezidumileyo zeso sixeko yi IHumilladero Bridge, eyakhiwa ngo-1873. Ubume bayo buqukethe iiarches ezilishumi elinanye kunye neArch engeyiyo. Inobude obupheleleyo beemitha ezingama-240 kunye nokuphakama kweemitha ezili-9 ngaphezulu kwenqanaba le Umlambo waseCauca.

iwotshi yewotshi

Omnye umfuziselo owaziwayo wesixeko. Yakhiwa ekupheleni kwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX kwaye ibekwe kwikona esemaZantsi mpuma yeParque Caldas.

icawa emhlophe popayan

Indawo engaphambili yeHermitage kaJesús Nazareno, Popayán.

IHermitage kaJesús Nazareno

Icawa encinci, kodwa iyathandeka kwaye ithandwa kakhulu yiPayanese. Eli litye lobugcisa lobukoloniyali lisusela emva kwinkulungwane yeshumi elinesixhenxe kwaye liqulathe ngaphakathi kulo ubutyebi bokwenene ubugcisa obungcwele ukusuka kwizikolo zaseSpain nezaseNtaliyane. IHermitage kaJesús Nazareno yonakaliswa kakhulu yinyikima yango-1983, kodwa yabuyiselwa kamva kwaye namhlanje ikhangeleka intle.

I-Pantheon ye-Próceres

Isakhiwo esihle esidala esakhiwe ngo-1928 ukuze sibe sisihlalo seNdibano yesebe laseCauca. Nangona kunjalo, kungoku nje kuthembekile apho iintsalela ze Amagorha okuzimela kweColombia, Esingumthombo weqhayiya elikhulu ngePopayán, isixeko esimhlophe.

Ukutyelela nini iPopayán, isixeko esimhlophe

UPopayán uyakonwabela Imozulu entle phantse unyaka wonke, nangona amaxesha amaninzi isibhakabhaka sabo sigqunywe ngamafu. Ihlobo lifudumele, kodwa lifutshane, ngelixa ubusika buhambisa amaqondo obushushu aphakathi kunye nemvula.

Ngaphandle kwemozulu, elona xesha lilungileyo lokundwendwela iPopayán ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo yi Ngeveki yePasika. Ngelo xesha idolophu emhlophe ikhanya ngokukhanya kwayo.

Iveki eNgcwele ePopayán ithathwa njengeyona indala kwilizwekazi laseMelika. Babo iindwendwe ebusuku zabandakanywa ngo-2009 kuluhlu lwabameli be- Inkcubeko yeLifa leMveli engabonakaliyo.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1.   Chiapas sitsho

    Ndiyayithanda indlela yobukoloniyali, ndingathanda ukwazi ukuba ngubani igama lendawo esefotweni?

  2.   bechitha sitsho

    wumunce kum kwaye ndiyakuxelela

  3.   Edinson wongeze sitsho

    Ndi .. NDIYAKUNCELA ...