Umculo wesiRashiya wesiNtu kunye nesinxibo esiqhelekileyo saseRussia

Isinxibo sendabuko saseRussia

El Isinxibo esiqhelekileyo saseRussia Yahlukile kwiingubo zamanye amazwe ehlabathini kwaye yahluke kakhulu kumazwe angabamelwane. Njengoko kuhlala kunjalo, izithethe ngokubhekisele kunxibo kunye neminye imiba yenkcubeko eRashiya zigcinwe ikakhulu kubalimi. 

Umculo wesiRashiya

Umculo wesiRashiya

Batsho ukuba umphefumlo weSlavic yeyona nto uthandana nayo yonke into, yiyo loo nto umculo waseRussia uhlawuliswe nge-nostalgia, udityaniswa namandla othando. Xa sithetha ngomculo wesiNtu waseRussia kufuneka sicinge ngomculo wesintu, obandakanya ubuhlanga obuncinci obuyinxalenye yeRussian Federation kunye namazwe angaphambi kwayo, kwaye apha ndibandakanya ukusuka eUSSR ukuya kumaxesha aphakathi aseRussia okanye uBukhosi baseRussia.

Umdaniso, njengentetho yomzimba yomculo othandwayo, ithatha indawo ebaluleke kakhulu kwinkcubeko yaseRussia, kwaye ngumzuzu xa sinethuba lokubona nokuncoma uninzi lwesinxibo sabo sakwaNtu. Ukuze ukwazi ukudanisa kamnandi, izinxibo ezenziweyo ukusuka kwisinxibo sendabuko, ukusikhanyisela ukuya kuthi ga kobona buninzi, zihlala zinemibala eqaqambileyo kwaye zihonjiswe ngemfeketho eninzi. Izinxibo zahlukile kakhulu, zitshintsha phantse kwindawo nganye, zahlukile ngokudityaniswa kwemibala, ekusikeni kwesarafany (isinxibo sendabuko saseRussia, ende, engenamikhono), imilo yomnqwazi kunye nesigqubuthelo sentloko okanye iiarabesque.

Iingoma zabantu baseRussia

Balakaia

ERashiya njengoko kuzo zonke iinkcubeko kunye nabantu Kukho inani elikhulu leengoma ezidumileyo ezibonakaliswa lilizwi lepectoral ilizwi, izikhamiso ezivulekileyo kunye nesandi ngqo, oko kukuthi, akukho zangxolo kwilizwi. Ezi ngcambu zomculo waseRussia zibuyela kubugcisa bezizwe zaseMpuma zeSlavic ezazihlala kummandla waseRussia yamandulo.

Umntu ohleli unanamhla ngesiko lomlomo kunye neengoma nguSadko, umrhwebi, uzonwabisa, kunye nemvumi yomculo omnyama owayedlala igusli yakhe, isixhobo somculo. Olu hlobo lwesixhobo lwaluxhaphakile eRashiya yakudala.

Ngexesha lamaXesha Aphakathi abona bantu babephethe inkcubeko yezobugcisa yayiyinkwenkwana, Abasunguli, ababalisi kunye neemvumi zemibongo eyindumasi yaseRussia, yamabali athandwayo ahlangana nezinto zobugcisa zabemi beendawo ezahlukeneyo zelizwe kunye nobugcisa babo buqhubeka ukubaluleka kuyo yonke imibhiyozo eyaziwayo, kanye njengokuba yayinjalo kwinkundla yamaTsarist.

Kwaye keIsixhobo esingenakwahlulwa kumculo wesiko lesiRashiya yi-balalaika, engenakufika de kube yinkulungwane yeshumi elinesixhenxe, sisixhobo esineentambo ezintathu zentsimbi. Ibonakaliswa ngumzimba wayo ophantse ucabalele, omile okonxantathu, uvule isandi esincinci kufutshane ne-vertex ephezulu kunye nentamo ende emxinwa.

Ingoma engcwele eRashiya

ISacra, umculo wesintu waseRussia

Ukucula ngokwenkolo kuphuhlise indima ebaluleke kakhulu eRashiya ngenxa yobungcali obuye baba yiyo, kwinqanaba lababhali neemvumi.. Uqeqesho lobuchwephesha lwenzeka ngaphambi kokungena kwizikolo zeemonki, iimvumi zafunda ithiyori yomculo kwaye zafumana uqeqesho kwithiyori yomculo.

Umculo oyingcwele wawuthetha ngokukodwa, ukusetyenziswa kwezixhobo kwakungavumelekanga kwiicawa ezilandela iifom zeByzantine.

Iingoma zecawa zazibonakaliswa ngohlobo olucothayo nolubalaseleyo, iingoma ezithambileyo Ngokutyibilikayo, ukungabikho kwamakhefu amakhulu, ukubizwa kwamagama kwakuchanekile, ibinzana elingenakuphikiswa, elifuna ukuphefumla ngokwaneleyo kwiimvumi, kukhokelela kubuchwephesha obugqibeleleyo, obuye bavumela amagcisa aseRussia ukuba alawule repertoire xa efika kweli lizwe ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX.

Umculo wesiRashiya ngokwesiko ngexesha loBukhosi baseRussia kunye neRevolution

mamushka

Ukusukela kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMX, ngakumbi kunye ne-Empresses u-Elizabeth I no-Catherine II, inkundla yase-Russia yatsala iimvumi ezininzi zase-Italiya ezazazisa ngomculo weklasikhi wase-Yuropu. eyayiza kuthi kamva ikhuthaze abaqambi abakhulu baseRussia abanjengoTchaikovsky, umbhali weebhalethi ezaziwayo ezifana neSwan Lake okanye iSleeping Beauty ekhokelele ekubeni abe ngoyena mqambi waziwa ngaphandle kwemida yayo.

Ekupheleni kwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX nasekuqaleni kwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX, ababhali abaphambili abanjengoStravinsky, Aleksandr Skriabin, uSergei Prokofiev noDmitri Shostakovich baqhubeka nokubonakala, ababezama isimbo somculo kunye nolwimi.. Abanye babo bafuduka emva koVukelo lwaseRussia, kodwa abanye, njengoProkofiev, bahlala kweli lizwe, bekhuthaza umoya wenguquko welo xesha.

Ngexesha leMfazwe yamakhaya yaseRussia, umculo wamkela izimbo ezijolise kubasebenzi kunye nemixholo. Iimvumi ezininzi zithathe inxaxheba kwiinkqubo zokufundisa zabasebenzi, nezikhokelele kwi- ukwanda kwamaqela engahlawulwayo kunye neekwayari. Xa i-Conservatism yahlala eSoviet Russia iikwayala zomkhosi zavela, Ingoma eyaziwayo kakhulu yi-kalinka, esele iyinxalenye yokucinga okuthandwayo.

Isinxibo esiqhelekileyo saseRussia

Emva koko siza kuchaza ukuba isinxibo sesiRashiya esiqhelekileyo besinjani ngokwexesha ngalinye.

Impahla yaseRussia ngexesha lolawulo lukaPeter I

UPeter I waseRussia kwisinxibo esiqhelekileyo saseRussia

UPeter I waseRussia uthathwa njengomnye wabalawuli abakhulu baseRussia, abadlale indima ebalulekileyo kwilokhwe yaseRussia. Ngexesha lokulawula kwakhe, uPedro I wakhupha ummiselo apho Ukusetyenziswa kwempahla yesiko laseRussia kwakungavumelekanga kwaye iimpahla zangaphandle zanyulwa. Oku yayikwangumboniso wokuqala wangaphandle wazo zonke izinto ezintsha eziya kuthi zaziswe nguTsar waseRussia kwilizwe lakhe.

Ngaphandle kwalo myalelo, abalimi eRashiya abachaphazelekanga ngumthetho. Ngapha koko, abalimi baseRussia ngabanyanisekileyo abalondoloze kakhulu kunqabile ukuba benze uhlengahlengiso okanye utshintsho kwiimpahla zabo. Impahla yesiko eRashiya phakathi kwabalimi iye yazuzwa njengelifa kwizizukulwana ngezizukulwana. Ukongeza, iimpahla zazidla ngokwenziwa kulowo nalowo kusetyenziswa izixhobo ezaziveliswe ngokuchanekileyo ekhaya.

Ayisiyiyo loo nto kuphela, ukongeza kubalimi, Impahla yemveli eRashiya nayo igcinwe ziiCossacks, i-Old Believers, i-Freeholders kunye namanye amacandelo okanye uluhlu loluntu lwaseRussia.. Ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo, kuba iRussia lilizwe elikhulu kangako kwaye elinemimandla eyahlukeneyo yemozulu esusela kwimozulu efudumeleyo ukuya kwimozulu yeArctic, iindlela ezahlukileyo zokunxiba zavela kuyo yonke imimandla yaseRussia.

Uhlobo olulondolozayo lweempahla zabalimi baseRussia

Umfazi kwisinxibo esiqhelekileyo saseRussia

Izinto ezibalulekileyo ezinje ngokuphila okungaguquguqukiyo kwabalimi, ukumodareyitha kwabo kunye nokunamathela kwabo okuqinileyo kwizithethe, zichaphazele isinxibo esiqhelekileyo sabasetyhini baseRussia. Impahla yesiko enxitywa ngabafazi baseRussia uphantse wawufihla ngokupheleleyo umntu wasetyhini, egxile ebusweni ngobuso obunxitywe entloko obabusebenza ukufihla iinwele ngokupheleleyo. Xa kuziwa kwimpahla yamadoda ebaleni, oku bekuhlala kulula kakhulu kwaye ngokubanzi kuhlobo olufanayo kulo lonke elaseRussia.

Izikimu zemibala kwimpahla yaseRussia

Ngokwesiko impahla yaseRussia isekwe kwi Ukusetyenziswa kwemibala emibini esisiseko: umbala omhlophe kunye nombala obomvu. Okumangalisayo kukuba, igama elithi "bomvu" lalisetyenziswa kwixa elidlulileyo ukubiza yonke into entle. Ke ngoko, izinto ezibomvu ezilungiselelwe kwimpahla zazithathwa njengezinto ezintle. Ukongeza, ukusebenzisana namanye amazwe kukhokelele ekuveleni kwemibala emitsha kwimpahla yaseRussia enje ngeblue, igolide okanye tyheli.

Iipateni kunye nokuhonjiswa njengezinto zokuhombisa

Kumazantsi eRashiya, Iipateni zejiyometri nezityalo zaziqhelekile kwizambatho ezazinxitywa ngabemi. Kummandla osemantla, iipateni zejiyometri, iipateni zoo kunye neepateni ezinxulumene nobomi babantu zabonwa. Oko kukuthi, amanani engwe, amahashe, iipikoko, imilo yedayimane, umthi wobomi, njl.

Ibhanti: isincedisi esinyanzelekileyo kwimpahla yaseRussia

IBelt eqhelekileyo yelokhwe yesiRashiya

Ibhanti iyaqhubeka nokuba yinxalenye enyanzelekileyo yengubo yesiko lamaRashiya, amadoda nabafazi. Ukubaluleka kwayo kukuba kwixesha elidlulileyo kwakuthathwa njengamandla okukhusela kunye nokusebenza njengekhubalo elinamandla. Amabhinqa aselula aseRussia ayenxiba uhlobo lwebhanti lokuhlala elaziwa njenge "lakomki", Ngelixa abafazi bephethe iibhegi zemali kunye nezinto ezincinci kwiibhanti zabo.

Kwakuyinto eqhelekileyo ukuba abafazi babophe amabhanti phantsi kwesifuba okanye phantsi kwesisu, ngelixa amadoda edla ngokunxiba izixhobo zokutshaya emabhanti.

Impahla yaseRussia entwasahlobo, ekwindla nasebusika

ngokumangalisayo Impahla yangaphandle yayilingene amadoda nabafazi. Iicafta zesiko, iidyasi ezenziwe ekhaya kunye neebhatyi zabalimi zisetyenzisiwe. Ukufana okuphambili kwimpahla yayiyindawo enzulu kwindawo yasekhohlo. Le mpahla yaseRussia yayihlala inxitywa entwasahlobo nasekwindla.

Ngexesha lasebusika, iimpahla zemveli zaseRussia zazifana namadoda nabasetyhini. Abantu babedla ngokunxiba iidyasi, iidyasi zedyasi, ukongeza kwiidyasi ezinde kwaye kuzo zonke iimeko uboya behlala ngaphakathi.

Impahla yaseRussia ngexesha loHlaziyo lwezoRhwebo

Iimpahla ezindala zaseRussia

Nge phuhliso amashishini kunye nokwehla kwamaxabiso elaphu kunye nempahla, uphuhliso lwezixeko lwanefuthe kwimpahla yemveli yaseRussia. Ekugqibeleni, phakathi kwabalimi abalondolozayo, iintlobo zeempahla ezifana neziketi kunye neeblawuzi zaqala ukubonakala.

Isinxibo esiqhelekileyo sesiRashiya sendoda

Ngokwesiko amadoda ayenxibe ibhulukhwe, ihempe, ihlala inekhola ye-oblique, ngaphezulu bazivale ngebhanti. Yayiyinto eqhelekileyo kubo ukunxiba iminqwazi yoboya enqunqiweyo, eyayifumaneka ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo. Kancinci kancinci umnqwazi wathathelwa indawo ngumnqwazi welaphu okanye ikepusi yesikhumba, nefuthe elinamandla kwisitayile sasezidolophini.

Isinxibo esiqhelekileyo saseRussia sabasetyhini

Las Abafazi baseRussia babedla ngokunxiba ihempe enesiketi kunye nohlobo lwebhanti yentloko ebizwa ngokuba "USoroka". Kwakuyinto eqhelekileyo ukuba banxibe ihempe enemikhono emide kwaye ngaphezulu basebenzise iskirt esaziwa njenge "ePoneva". Kwicala elingaphambili basebenzise ifaskoti, ngelixa kwinxalenye ephezulu ezinye izinto ezongezelelweyo.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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Shiya uluvo lwakho

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  1.   Roxy sitsho

    Isinxibo saseRussia sokucaciswa

  2.   Nelysa sitsho

    Andiyithandi ilokhwe

  3.   hh sitsho

    Eli phepha alilunganga, lilungile!

  4.   Cc sitsho

    UBleh. L.

  5.   UValeria Espinosa Medina sitsho

    Ndiyayithanda iRussia, lelinye lamazwe endiye ndakwazi ukuwatyelela kudala kodwa intle kakhulu.

  6.   daniel sitsho

    IRashiya lilizwe lam kwaye yeyona nto intle kakhulu endiyibonileyo

  7.   isam sitsho

    xa ndihamba amanzi ebemanzi

  8.   Inyibiba sitsho

    Andazi kodwa andiqondi ukuba eli phepha liyandifanela, iimpahla ziyaxaka

  9.   yy sitsho

    kuhle kakhulu!