Ubuzwe baseRussia: Iidargins

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Phakathi kwamaqela obuhlanga aseRussia, amaninzi, ahlukile kwi IiDargins ngoku ndihlala kwi Daghestan kunye neRiphabliki IKalmykia. Amaqela angabamelwane zii-Tabasarans, i-Agul, i-Laks, i-osvaros kunye ne-Kumuks.

Kwaye ubuhlanga buquka amaSulumane amaSunni, amaShiites, kunye noluntu lwamaSilamsi. I-Al Dargin ithathwa njengabantu bomthonyama bommandla weCaucasus, ababehlala bodwa kwimpembelelo yamanye amazwe de kwaqala uloyiso olukhulu lwe-Arab ngenkulungwane ye-8, xa babekhe baboniswa ubuSilamsi okokuqala.

Ukusukela kwinkulungwane ye-14, babephethwe kwezopolitiko ngamaKaytaks, ngoku athathwa njengeqela eliseDargins. Nangona yaziswa kwi-Islam ngenkulungwane ye-8, iiDargins zahlala ikakhulu zikholelwa kwinkulungwane ye-15 xa impembelelo yamaSilamsi yomelela, kunye nabarhwebi basePersi bevela emazantsi.

Ngenkulungwane ye-16, abantu baseTurkey base-Ottoman bahlala kule ndawo, kwaye bancedisa nokudibanisa ubuSilamsi. Ngenkulungwane ye-19, zazimbalwa kakhulu iiDargins ezaziguqukele kubuSilamsi. Kukho utyekelo lwamaSilamsi olusisiseko olomeleleyo phakathi kweDargins, kunye nothando olunzulu oluchasene neRussia.

Emva nje koqhushululu lwamaBolshevik, urhulumente waseMoscow waseka isiArabhu njengolona lwimi lusemthethweni kulo mmandla. IDargins kunye nezinye iidolophu zavukela, kwaye ngo-1921, i-Dagestan eyayizimeleyo yasekwa, kubandakanya nabantu baseDargin.

Umgaqo-nkqubo weSoviet oya kwingingqi esempuma wawukhohlakele kwaye ungazinzanga kakhulu kwii-1920s, kunye neziganeko zokucocwa kweenkokheli zamaSilamsi, utshintsho kulwimi olusemthethweni. Emva kowe-1991, emva kokuwa kweSoviet Union, abo bazimele geqe kunye nobuzwe babo bafumana amandla phakathi kweDargins.

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  1.   rodolfo jimenez solis sitsho

    Ndiyithanda ngakumbi okanye kancinci