Imisebenzi yenkosi u-Alejandro Obregón

umdwebi alejandro obregón

U-Alejandro Obregon kubhekwa njenge- omunye wabadwebi abakhulu baseMelika baseMelika bekhulu lama-XNUMX. Indalo yakhe sekunesikhathi inconywa bobabili ngemisebenzi emisha yezithombe abayilethile nangendaba yemisebenzi yakhe, ebilokhu ixazulula izingqinamba eziphikisanayo.

U-Obregón wazalelwa e I-Barcelona, ​​Spain) ngo-1921. Kodwa-ke, eseneminyaka eyisithupha kuphela ubudala wayohlala ezweni likayise, Colombia, kanye nawo wonke umndeni wakhe. Ubusha bakhe buphawuleka ngokuhlala isikhathi eside kuwo womabili la mazwe kanye nohambo oluningi oluya e-United States, eFrance nase-United Kingdom.

Ukuqeqeshwa kwakhe kwezobuciko kwenzeka eSikoleni Sezobuciko EseBoston naseLlotja eBarcelona. Engene shí emathonyeni amaningi amasiko nobuciko baseYurophu, ekugcineni wazinza edolobheni lase Cartagena de Indiaas. Lapho, u-Obregón waba ngumngane wabaculi abakhulu baseColombia njenge URicardo Gómez Campuzano, u-Enrique Grau, uSantiago Martínez noma iColombia-isiJalimane UGuillermo Wiedemann. Ngabanye babo wasebenza eduze futhi waqala ukwakha isitayela sakhe.

Wayephinde abe yilungu lalokhu okuthiwa IBarranquilla Group, ehlanganise abaculi abaphambili nezifundiswa zaseColombia zaphakathi nekhulu leminyaka.

i-condor

I-condor ingesinye sezici eziphindaphindwayo emidwebweni eminingi ka-Alejandro Obregón

Lapho eneminyaka engama-24, u-Alejandro Obregón waqala ukwaziwa kuzwelonke ngokuzibandakanya kwakhe ku V National Salon Yabaculi BaseColombia, ngo-1944, ukuthola izibuyekezo ezinhle kakhulu. Ngemuva kweminyaka, ngemuva kohambo oluya enkabeni yeYurophu, wahlanganisa isitayela sakhe futhi waba ngummeli ophakeme kakhulu wamanje we ukufanekisa okungokomfanekiso emazweni aseMelika.

Empilweni yakhe wayegqamile ngomshado wakhe nomdwebi waseNgilandi UFreda sargent, owashada naye ePanama. Kamuva wahlukanisa ukuze aphinde ashade, kulokhu nomdansi USonia Osorio, umsunguli weBallet de Colombia. Ngaye wayenendodana, uRodrigo Osorio, owaziwa nge-cne nomlingisi wethelevishini. Intshisekelo yezimoto zejubane nokujaha ibibuye ibe njalo empilweni yakhe.

alejandro obregon

Isithombe somdwebi esithathwe ngawo-50, emasangweni okugcotshwa kuka-Alejandro Obregón njengomdwebi omkhulu waseColombia wekhulu lama-XNUMX.

Maphakathi nawo-70 waba ngumqondisi we Museum of Art yesimanje yaseBototá.

U-Alejandro Obregón ushonele edolobheni laseCagagena ngo-1992, washiya ifa lobuciko elihlaba umxhwele elingafingqwa ngomunye wemibono yakhe edume kakhulu:

«Angikholelwa ezikoleni zokudweba; Ngikholelwa kumdwebo omuhle hhayi okunye. Ukudweba kuyinkulumo yomuntu ngamunye futhi kukhona ukuthambekela njengobuntu. Ngibathandile abadwebi abahle, iSpanishi ngaphezu kwakho konke, kepha ngicabanga ukuthi akekho noyedwa oye waba nethonya eliqinile ekuqeqesheni kwami.

Imisebenzi evelele kakhulu

Nasi isampula emfushane kepha emele yemisebenzi emikhulu ka-Alejandro Obregón. Ukukhethwa okucacisa kahle isitayela sakhe esihlukile nolimi lobuciko:

IJug Blue (1939) ungomunye wemisebenzi yokuqala yomculi, owadalwa eneminyaka engu-19 nje kuphela. Kubonisa ukuqhuma kokuqala kuka-Alejandro Obregón emhlabeni we-avant-garde yezithombe. Eminyakeni eminingi kamuva wayezobamba i-pnitaría Umdwebo womdwebi (1943), umsebenzi owaziwa ngawo ngaphakathi kwemibuthano emikhulu yaseSpain.

Ngasekuqaleni kwawo-50, isitayela sika-Obregón safinyelela kwincazelo ephelele nokuvuthwa. Ithonywe ngu-el Cubism, inkosi yenza izingoma ezilinganiswe ngokuyisimangaliso phakathi kwazo esingaziqokomisa Iminyango nendawo (1951), Namanje impilo iphuzi (1955) futhi UGreguerías nonwabu (1957).

violencia

IViolencia (1962), umsebenzi owasungula u-Alejandro Obregón njengomdwebi onethonya elikhulu eColombia ngekhulu lama-XNUMX

Ngemuva kokuvuthwa kwafika ukuzinikezela, eminyakeni eyishumi yama-60s. U-Alejandro Obregón waba ngumdwebi obaluleke kunabo bonke ezweni, enikezwa kuze kube kabili ngomklomelo wokuqala wePainting eNational Hall. Imisebenzi eyamenza wahlonishwa ngale ndlela Ubudlova (1962) no Icarus neminyovu (1966). Eminye imisebenzi esele kusukela kulesi sikhathi yilena Ukuphahlazeka komkhumbi (1960), IWizard yaseCaribbean (1961), Inkokhiso kuGaitán Durán (1962) futhi Umkhumbi-mlilo wentaba-mlilo (1965).

Eminye yemidwebo ka-Obregón inokuqukethwe okuhle komphakathi kanye nesikhalazo. Umfundi ongasekho y Ukulila umfundi, bobabili kusuka ngo-1957, basebenzela ukugxeka umbuso kaGustavo Rojas Pinilla. Emdwebweni wakhe, iqhude lingukufanekiselwa komashiqela.

Esigabeni sakhe sokugcina, u-Alejadro Obregón kancane kancane washiya inqubo kawoyela yalowo womdwebo we-acrylic. Lokhu kuholele kuye kancane kancane ukuthi azijwayeze ukudweba ezindaweni ezinkulu ezinjengokwakhiwa kwezingubo ezingaphambili futhi akhohlwe ngemibala yendabuko. Lokhu kuthatheka nge umdwebo odongeni Kuholele ekutheni enze imisebenzi yokuqashelwa okukhulu ezindaweni ezinophawu njengeSenate yebhilidi leRiphabhulikhi noma iLuis Ángel Arango Library.

 


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