I-cumbia, isigqi sendabuko seColombia

cumbia

Ngaphandle kokungabaza isigqi somculo esixhunyaniswe kakhulu ku- Colombia, kumasiko nakubantu bayo, yi-cumbia. Alikho iphathi noma umgubho kuleli lapho ukulele kungazwakali futhi kudansele umsindo we I-cumbia yaseColombia. Isithonjana sobuzwe bayo.

Lolu hlobo lomculo olunomdanso nomdanso wesintu wazalelwa osebeni lweCaribbean, kepha akubanga isikhathi eside ngaphambi kokuba luthandwe ezweni lonke. Kulokhu okuthunyelwe sizokhuluma nawe ngemvelaphi yalo, amasiko alo nezinye izinto eziningi ezihlobene ne-cumbia yaseColombia.

Umsuka weCumbia waseColombia

Njengamanye amagama amaningi wobuciko namasiko emhlabeni, i-cumbia ingumphumela wokuxubeka. Ukulandela umsuka wawo kufanele uhambe uye ekhulwini le-XNUMX, ogwini lwase-Atlantic lwalokho osekuyiColombia manje. Yilapho lapho izakhi zamasiko ze amasiko amathathu kwehluke kakhulu: Umdabu waseMelika, lo European (ngesandla neSpanish) kanye ne i-africana, zilethwe izigqila ezazilethwe ezweni elisha.

Idolobha ngalinye noma isiko lamasiko linikele ngento ehlukile. Izingoma zingasuselwa kwizigqi zabomdabu, kanti izingqikithi namazwi ezingoma anezimpande ezicacile zaseSpain. Ekugcineni, i-protagonism ye- ukushaya kanye nemidanso yase-Afrika Baqedile iresiphi ezogcina iholele eCumbia cumbia.

Futhi le yindlela owazalwa ngayo lo mphumela omuhle wenhlanganisela ecebile nokwehlukahluka.

cumbia, umculo wendabuko waseColombia

ICumbia yisigqi somculo esivama kakhulu eColombia

Nokho, i Umsuka we-Etymological kwegama elithi cumbia akubonakali kucace kangako. Iningi lezazi livikela ukuthi livela kuleli gama kumbe, okusho ukuthi "iphathi" noma "umsindo" ngezilimi eziningana zase-Afrika.

Okungabazekayo yimpumelelo emangalisayo yalokhu kusungulwa, okususelwe ekuzalweni kwayo eColombia kwasakazeka eminyakeni edlule kuye amanye amazwe amaningi eMelika Ephakathi neseNingizimu. ICumbia okwamanje iyaculwa futhi idanse ezindaweni ezikude kakhulu njengeMexico, iPeru, i-El Salvador, iVenezuela, i-Argentina noma iPeru.

I-cumbia yaseColombia: izinsimbi

Futhi umphefumulo ophindwe kathathu (wase-Ameriya, waseYurophu nowase-Afrika) we-cumbia ubonakala ngokuphelele ku izinsimbi zomculo ezisetshenziselwa ukuyihumusha.

Indima ehamba phambili ngokungangabazeki iyinsimbi yomculo eshaywayo. Isigqi se amadubhu, Umnikelo wamasiko ase-Afrika, uwumgogodla wazo zonke izingoma. Basetha isigqi esikhulu futhi basizwa yizinsimbi zomdabu ezifana ne- umhlanga webele noma i amapayipi, odabuka eSpain ngokungangabazeki.

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I-caña de millo, insimbi eyisisekelo ye-cumbia yaseColombia

E-cumbia kunezinhlobo ezintathu ze- amadubhu okuyinhloko:

  • El Sijabule Isigubhu, elandela isigqi somculo.
  • El Ukushayela Isigubhu, ibijwayele ukusetha isikhathi sangemuva sengoma.
  • La I-Tambora. Lesi ukuphela kwesigubhu samaCumbian esingenayo imvelaphi yase-Afrika. Ishaywa ngesandla, ngaphandle kokusebenzisa izigubhu, esikhumbeni nasebhokisini lokhuni.

Kukhona nezinhlobo ezintathu ze- amapayipi:

  • I-bagpipe yesilisa, okuzwakala njengesizinda.
  • Umabhebhana wesifazane, ehambisana nomculo.
  • I-bagpipe emfushane, esetshenziswa njengethuluzi elilodwa futhi igqame kakhulu ezingxenyeni kuphela zezinsimbi.

ICañamillero ingumdlali obalulekile eqenjini ngalinye laseColombia. Nguye othinta i- Umhlanga, insimbi yomoya okubukeka kwayo kusikhumbuza umtshingo ogelezayo. Njengoba igama layo likhombisa, yenziwa ngoswazi lwamabele, kepha futhi ingenziwa ngethambo noma ngoqalo imbala. Ama-maraca, inkositini namanye amathuluzi wesibili aqedela isithombe.

I-cumbia yaseColombia: izingubo zendabuko

ICumbia akuyona uhlelo lomculo, kepha futhi iyabukwa. Futhi kulesi sici kulapho abadansi bangenelela ngezingubo zabo zendabuko ezimibalabala. Izingubo ezisetshenziselwa i-cumbia ziyasetshenziswa nakweminye imidanso ejwayelekile yaseColombia.

Ingubo ye-cumbia yaseColombia

Izembatho ezijwayelekile ze-cumbia yaseColombia

  • Owesifazane: ama-costumber ayalela ukuthi abadansi bagqoke ingubo emhlophe yakudala ngesiketi noma isiketi esibanzi. Lokhu kuhlotshiswe ngamaribhoni futhi, cishe njalo, nge-bolero ukukhombisa imibala yefulegi laseColombia (ophuzi, obomvu noluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka). Bafaka nezingubo ezinemikhono ebanzi kodwa okushiya amahlombe engagqokile.
  • Indoda: izingubo zabo zilula kakhulu. Siqukethe ibhulukwe elimhlophe nehembe futhi, ukusinika umbala, isikhafu esibomvu esaziwa ngokuthi "umsila weqhude." Ucezu oluyisisekelo lwe-suit yesilisa luvamile isigqoko se-vueltiao.

Yonke imininingwane nemihlobiso yale ngubo idlala indima ebalulekile ekwenzeni umdanso we-cumbia.

I-cumbia yaseColombia: umdanso

Kunezinhlobo eziningi zemidanso nama-choreographies axhumene ne-cumbia yaseColombia. Lezi zimele ikakhulukazi eyodwa umdanso wokuqomisana. Abesilisa nabesifazane bangena esiteji kusuka ama-engeli aphambene. Bese behlangana maphakathi nendawo badanisane beshayana ngezigubhu. Kule vidiyo sinesibonelo esihle salomdanso:

Phakathi kwe izindlela zesifunda noma okuhlukile Okuvelele kakhulu kweCumbia cumbia kufaka okulandelayo:

  • I-cumbia yakudala, akuhlatshelelwa. Kusebenza kahle.
  • ICumbia sabanera, lapho kusetshenziswa ithuluzi elihlukile elibizwa ngeqabunga kalamula. Idansa eminyangweni yaseSucre, eCórdoba naseBolívar.
  • ICumbia vallenata, lapho i-accordion (insimbi ephawuleka kakhulu yama-vallenato) ibamba iqhaza. Ngaphakathi kwalesi sizukulwana seCumbia cumbia kunokuhlukahluka okuningi.
  • UCumbiamba. Kusinwa ngomdanso wamakhwaya okhangisa kakhulu.

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-2, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1.   i-dianita kusho

    ICumbia, ekubeni ngumdanso ojwayelekile waseColombia, ingadanswa yiqembu labesifazane abane noma i-homble ibalulekile.

    I-gracias

  2.   nathi melcon kusho

    che que vuena pag e-Argentina basifaka ekutholeni nge-cumbia yini i-pag enhle