Umkhosi Wenyanga Oluluhlaza Esiqhingini Seziqhingi SaseSan Andrés naseProvidencia

umkhosi wenyanga oluhlaza

"Ukwangana kobuzalwane ngokobuhlanga nangamasiko." Ngalesi siqubulo esihle saqala uhambo lwayo ngo-1987 Umkhosi Wenyanga Eluhlaza, the Umkhosi Wenyanga Oluluhlaza ukuthi kusukela lapho kugujwa minyaka yonke ku Isiqhingi saseSan Andres, ngokugcwele ICaribbean yaseColombia.

Lo mkhosi uhlose ukugcina nokuhlonipha abakwa- Ifa lamasiko ase-Afro-Caribbean ngokusebenzisa izinkulumo ezahlukahlukene zobuciko. Futhi yize umculo kungumlingisi omkhulu futhi ongenakuphikwa, okunye ukubonakaliswa okufana ne-gastronomy, inkolo, i-cinema noma ezemidlalo akushiywa ngaphandle.

Abantu bakwaRaizal

Ngaphakathi okukhulu ukwehluka kwamasiko eColombia, kunabantu abangama-Anglophone abanezimpande ze-Afro-Caribbean abahlala esikhaleni esithile sendawo: i-Archipelago yaseSan Andrés, iProvidencia neSanta Catalina, etholakala ngaphezu kwamakhilomitha angama-750 enyakatho yogu lwase-Colombian Atlantic. Kungumuzi I-Raizal.

Ensimini yesiqhingi engamakhilomitha-skwele angama-52 kuphela, kunezakhamizi ezingaba ngu-78.000, ezingaba ngu-30.000 zazo ezingohlanga lukaRaizal.

amabhishi aseSan Andrés eColombia

Isiqhingi saseSan Andrés siyindawo evelele yezivakashi eCaribbean yaseColombia

AmaRaizales awanaso iSpanishi njengolimi lwabo lwebele, kepha kunolimi lwesiCreole olunezimpande zesiNgisi ezaziwa njenge IsiCreole sanandresano. Lesi sixhumanisi, i- isimilo, iyona exhuma ama-raizales nabanye abantu abakhuluma isiNgisi abaseCaribbean base-Afrika nabaseMelika. Kusukela ngo-1987, bonke bebehlangana minyaka yonke kwi-Green Moon Festival ukugubha lobu buntu obujwayelekile.

Umlando we-Green Moon Festival

Umbungu we Umkhosi Wenyanga Eluhlaza njengoba sazi namuhla umcimbi wangaphambilini obizwa ngokuthi Ukulungiswa kolimi (fair fair), eyaqala ukuhlelwa eSan Andrés ngawo-80 ukukhuthaza isiko nolimi lwesiCreole phakathi kwentsha yesiqhingi.

Umqondo womkhosi omkhulu onobizo lwamazwe omhlaba ugcine ucacisiwe ngoMeyi 21, 1987, ngenxa yemizamo yeqembu labaphathi bezamasiko ababesekelwa imeya yangaleso sikhathi. USimon Gonzalez Restrepo. Uhlelo lokuqala lweGreen Moon Festival lwalunombukiso onesizotha, yize umthelela walo wawumkhulu kakhulu.

Ngakho-ke, izinhlelo ezalandela zaba nababambiqhaza abaningi ngokwengeziwe. Lesi siqhingi esincane sasigcwele izivakashi futhi lo mcimbi waheha imithombo yezindaba eminingi, okwaba nomthelela ekusabalaliseni igama ngalo msebenzi eColombia kanye nasemazweni aseCaribbean. I- IGreen Moon Foundation ukuphatha yonke inhlangano yalo mkhosi.

Phakathi kuka-1996 no-2011 i-Green Moon Festival yayeka ukuhleleka ngenxa yokushoda kwezindlela, hhayi abalandeli. Le mibakaki yesikhashana iyafana iminyaka iNicaragua neColombia ababenengxabano ebucayi ngayo mayelana nobukhosi bale ndawo. Umbango uxazululwe yi-International Tribunal e-The Hague ngo-2012 kwavuna uhlangothi lweColombia.

Ngenhlanhla, lo msebenzi wakwazi ukubuyiselwa ngo-2012. Kusukela lapho, lo mkhosi ububanjwa ngaphandle kokuphazanyiswa, uvuna impumelelo eyengeziwe.

Umculo namasiko

Umcimbi waminyaka yonke weGreen Moon Festival ubandakanya imisebenzi eminingi yezemfundo nokudala ihlelwe ngombono wokukhuthaza izingane nentsha ukuba zifunde ngezimpande zesiko lase-Afro-American kanye nesiko labomdabu baseziqhingini zaseSan Andrés, eProvidencia naseSanta Catalina. Kukhona nendawo ye- imincintiswano yezemidlalo o ubuqhawe be-domino, umdlalo othandwa kakhulu kulo lonke elaseCaribbean. Le misebenzi ithatha amahora osuku, kanti ubusuku bugcinelwe umculo.

Amaqembu omculo aqhamuka emazweni ahlukahlukene (amaqembu aqhamuka e-United Kingdom avame ukuhambela kanye nabaculi abavela emazweni ase-Afrika) bagcwalisa izikwele namabhishi esiqhingi ngesigqi nombala. Ubusuku beCaribbean bugcwele amanzi i-reggae, i-dancehall, i-Haitian konpa, i-zouk, i-soca, i-calypso, i-salsa ne-meringue, kanye nesigqi saseCuba kanye nesase-Afrika.

Kulokhu ividiyo kukhombisa kahle kakhulu ukuthi uMkhosi Wenyanga Yeluhlaza uphila futhi uthuthuka kanjani. Ngalesi sikhathi sonyaka isiqhingi saseSan Andrés siba inhlokodolobha yeCaribbean nomculo we-Afro-American:

Phakathi kwabaculi abadume kakhulu abadlule kulo mkhosi, kufanelekile ukugqamisa abaseJamican Isiyingi Sangaphakathi nabasePanamani Ruben Blades, phakathi kokunye okuningi.

Ngaphandle kwamakhonsathi namaqembu, kusukela ngo-2018 umcimbi ofanayo ubiziwe Isiteji Sasemuva seCaribbean Yesikhathi Esizayo. Empeleni wuhlelo oluhlanganisa abaculi abasebancane nabafundela umsebenzi abasuka eJamaica, eCuba, eSan Andrés nakwezinye izindawo eCaribbean. Bonke banikezwa ithuba lokuthola ukuqeqeshwa okuqhubekayo ngokukhiqizwa kwemicimbi yobuciko namasiko.

Ukuphetha, kufanelekile ukusho ukuthi, yize kungumcimbi obekelwe isiko isimilo, the Umkhosi Wenyanga Eluhlaza ivulekele wonke umuntu. Eqinisweni, ithola izivakashi zazo zonke izinhlanga nezindawo ezihluke kakhulu.


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  1.   USereth Mariana Rodriguez Ochoa kusho

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