UVishnu: Omunye wonkulunkulu ababaluleke kakhulu eNdiya

Isithombe | I-Pixabay

Ungathanda ukuya eNdiya eholidini lakho elilandelayo futhi unentshisekelo yokuthola okwengeziwe ngamasiko namasiko alo? Esinye sezici ezingaziwa kakhulu ngabantu baseNtshonalanga inkolo yamaHindu, ebaluleke kakhulu ukwazi indlela yokucabanga nokuzizwa kwabantu baseNdiya.

Inkolo yamaHindu igcwele izinganekwane nezimangaliso ezinhle ezenziwa onkulunkulu, onkulunkulu, amademoni, abantu nezinye izidalwa. Kodwa-ke, onkulunkulu abakhulu bamaHindu bangabantu abathathu: uBrahma, uVishnu noShiva. Ngamunye umele amandla abalulekile okukhona kwendawo yonke: umdali wayo nguBrahma, amandla okuqhubeka nguVishnu kanti amandla abhubhisayo nguShiva. Bobathathu bangamaTrimurti noma "amafomu amathathu" ngesiSanskrit, okungukuthi, uZiqu-zintathu wamaHindu.

Iyiphi indima i-Trimurti enayo? Ziyini izindima zikankulunkulu ngamunye ngaphakathi kwalo? Kulokhu okuthunyelwe sizongena enkolweni yamaHindu ukuze sazi labonkulunkulu abathathu futhi ikakhulukazi uVishnu kancane kangcono. Qhubeka ufunda ngemuva kokugxuma!

I-Trimurti

Isithombe | I-Pixabay

Njengoba ngishilo, abathathu bangonkulunkulu ababaluleke kakhulu bobuHindu: uBrahma, uVishnu noShiva. Zonke zakha i-trimurti futhi ngayinye yazo inamandla afinyelela ibhalansi yendawo yonke, ukuze kungenzeki ukukhulelwa kwendalo (Brahma) noma ukubhujiswa kwendawo yonke (Shiva). Ngaphezu kwalokho, empeleni ukulondolozwa kwayo kungamandla asekela ukuhleleka komhlaba. Yile ndlela abathembekile bale nkolo abayiqonda ngayo indawo yonke ngakho-ke ukubaluleka okukhulu kwalabo nkulunkulu abakuyo.

Kusuka eBrahma Brahmanism yasungulwa eNdiya. Igatsha lobuHindu elimthatha njengonkulunkulu ophakeme, umsuka wabo bonke abanye onkulunkulu, abayizibonakaliso zakhe. Kusukela ekuhlaselweni kwama-Aryan, kwazalwa iBrahmanism, eyabona uShiva noVishnu njengonkulunkulu abancane.

Vishnu uyaba ubani?

Waziwa enkolweni yamaHindu njengonkulunkulu wobuhle nokongiwa, ungunkulunkulu oyinhloko wesimanje seVaisnavism okuyigatsha lamaHindu elinoVishnu njengonkulunkulu ophakeme. Ngokwalesi sikhathi samanje, ekubeni ngumdali wendawo yonke, lo nkulunkulu wanquma ukuziveza nge-trimurti noma "ngezindlela ezintathu."

UVishnu ubekwe icala lokulinganisa okuhle nokubi emhlabeni futhi abantu bamcela usizo ekutholeni indlela yensindiso.

Ukuchazwa kwe-Etymological kaVishnu

Lapho kuhlaziywa igama likankulunkulu ngomqondo walo we-etymological, ingxenye yempande "vis" isho ukuxazulula noma ukugcwala okungavela ukuveza enye yezimfanelo zikaVishnu "lowo ogcwala yonke into."

Ngale ndlela, kufinyelelwa esiphethweni sokuthi igama lakhe libhekisa kunkulunkulu okhulelise zonke izinto nezidalwa ezihlala emhlabeni. Ukuqala kulokhu, uVishnu akakhawulwanga ngesikhathi, isikhala noma into. Amandla akhe awanamkhawulo. Ngokufanayo, kukhona abacwaningi abagcina ukuthi ukuhunyushwa kwe-etymological kwegama "yilokho okungena konke."

Uchazwa kanjani uVishnu?

Uvame ukumelwa njengonkulunkulu onesikhumba esiluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka onesimo somuntu nezingalo ezine eziphethe izinto ezahlukahlukene ezinezincazelo ezahlukahlukene:

  • I-padma (imbali ye-lotus enamakha ama-Vishnuist ayithandayo)
  • I-sudarshaná chakrá (impambaniso efana naleyo egqokwa ngamaqhawe e-ninja uVishnu ayisebenzisayo ukuqeda amademoni)
  • I-shankhá (igobolondo le-conch umsindo wayo eNdiya umele ukunqoba ngemuva kokunqoba isitha)
  • I-mace yegolide (ukushaya amakhanda ababi)

Uvame ukukhonjiswa ehleli embali ye-lotus noLaksmi, umlingani wakhe, kwelinye lamadolo akhe. Ungunkulunkulukazi wenhlanhla futhi uzibonakalisa ku-bhuti-sakti (indalo) naku-kriya-sakti (umsebenzi wokudala). Njengoba uVishnu engeke abe yingxenye yobuciko bakhe (ahamta) noma amandla akhe, udinga umngane ohlala naye njalo. Ngalesi sizathu unkulunkulukazi uLaksmi kufanele ahambisane noVishnu kukho konke ukuzalwa kwakhe.

Yiziphi izimfanelo ezingokwasezulwini zikaVishnu futhi uhlonishwa kanjani?

Isithombe | I-Pixabay

Unkulunkulu uVishnu unezimpawu ezahlukahlukene zaphezulu: ukuthola lokho akufunayo (prakamya), ukuphakama (isitva), ikhwalithi yokucindezela izifiso (kama vasayitva), ukulawula abanye (vasitva), ukufeza noma yini (prapti), amandla angaphezu kwawemvelo (aishwaria), ulwazi (gnana) noma amandla (shakti), phakathi kwabanye abaningi.

Akwaziwa ngokuqinisekile ukuthi uVishnu waqala nini ukukhulekelwa noma kanjani. Ekuhlanganisweni kwezinkolelo zama-Aryan (amaVeda) lo nkulunkulu uhlotshaniswa kakhulu ne-Indra futhi wahlukaniswa njengonkulunkulu omncane. Kamuva kuphela waba yingxenye ye-trimurti enkolweni yamaHindu futhi waba ngunkulunkulu obaluleke kunabo bonke balolu kholo.

Namuhla amaHindu akholelwa ukuthi uVishnu wenziwe njengama-avatar ahlukahlukene eMhlabeni futhi lo nkulunkulu ukhonzwa ngendlela yalawa ma-avatar ngokuzikhandla.

Ayini ama-avatar kaVishnu?

Ngaphakathi kobuHindu, i-avatar ingukuzalwa kukankulunkulu, ikakhulukazi uVishnu. Lokho kungukuthi, okulingana nezidalwa zamuntu ezinganekwaneni zamaGrikhi namaRoma. Ngaphakathi kweVaisnavism, laba abalingiswa babuthana ezigabeni ezahlukahlukene ngokobuntu nangeqhaza elichazwe emiBhalweni.

  • UVanáá: umjondolo, uphume ngeqhinga-iugá.
  • UMatsia: inhlanzi, uvele satia-iugá.
  • I-Kurma: ufudu, lwaphuma nge-satia-jugá.
  • UVaraja: ingulube yasendle, ivele ku-satia-iugá.
  • I-Narasinja - Ingxenye yengonyama, isigamu sendoda Waphuma e-satia-iugá eyonqoba idimoni uJirania Kashipú.
  • I-Parashurama: (I-Rama nge-ax), ivele ku-treta-jugá.
  • URama: inkosi yase-Aiodhia, yaphuma e-treta-iugá.
  • UKrishna: (okhangayo) uvele e-duapara-iugá, kanye nomfowabo uBalaram. Iningi lokunyakaza kwamaVisnuist limbona njengomuntu onguVishnu.
  • UBuddha: (isazi) saphuma eKali-iugá. Izinhlobo ezingakhulumi ngoBuddha njengesimo se-avatar sesishiyagalolunye iBalaram esikhundleni salokho.
  • UKalki: umbhubhisi wokungahlanzekile. Kulindeleke ukuthi ivele ekugcineni kwe-kali-iugá.

Iminyaka yesintu

KubuHindu ubu-iuga bungesinye sezikhathi ezine lapho inkathi enkulu noma i-majā iuga ihlukaniswe phakathi. Izinkathi ezine noma ama-iugas yilawa:

  • I-Satia-iuga (inkathi yeqiniso): iminyaka engu-1.728.000 ubudala.
  • UDuapara-iuga: iminyaka engama-864.000 ubudala.
  • UTreta-iuga: uneminyaka engu-1.296.000 XNUMX ubudala.
  • IKáli-iuga: inkathi yedemoni iKali iminyaka engama-432.000.

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-16, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1.   l kusho

    beuk otavia c'est beurk lol

  2.   ingrid kusho

    Ngikuthanda ngempela konke okuhlobene nesiko lamaHindu,

  3.   Cecilia kusho

    Iqiniso ukuthi, lokhu kwehlisa isithunzi. Uma befunda isayensi bangabona ukuthi kuyenyanyisa kanjani ukufunda le ndatshana.
    Intombazane empofu…

  4.   david kusho

    Angizange ngikuthande

  5.   URuth Maria Ortiz kusho

    Ngikholelwa ekuzalweni kabusha futhi ngicabanga ukuthi intombazane ingaba njalo, ngiyajabula ngenkolo yamaHindu ngoba azilahlekanga izinkolelo, izindinganiso, amasiko, ngiyalithanda lelo siko.

  6.   UTamara garcia kusho

    Nami ngiyalithanda lelo siko, kodwa munye kuphela umuntu oseshilo ukuthi ukuguquguquka kabi kwaleya ntombazane kwehlisa isithunzi. Futhi bayamdumisa njengoNkulunkulu ...
    Ngamafuphi, yilowo nalowo ngobuhlanya bakhe.

  7.   happyys kusho

    ingane embi kanjani

  8.   icala kusho

    Iqiniso ukuthi ngiyayiqonda le ntombazane, ngiyakholelwa ukuthi ukuphindukuzalwa kabusha ngoba kuyathakazelisa kodwa umzimba wakhe uthakazelisa kakhulu ngoba ilingana noVishnu

  9.   Adelaide kusho

    Ehlisa isithunzi, enyantisayo, enyanyekayo, yeka isilwane esihlaba umxhwele

  10.   umbala omhlophe obomvana kusho

    Ngicabanga ukuthi kufanele siphenye kahle uma sihamba noma sifuna ukukhuluma ngokuthile. lapho kuvela intokazi ithi iyalithanda lelo siko. Uma ungazi ukuthi uthini, kungcono ungaphawuli. Lobo buqaba obukhona kulelo zwe yibo obabhubhise amaHindu kwazise abamazi uNKULUNKULU ONAMANDLA ONKE, uNkulunkulu Ophilayo okhona futhi onguYe kuphela ongashintsha izimpilo zabo ezimnyama nezidabukisayo ngalabo abahlupheka ngabo namuhla.

  11.   umbala omhlophe obomvana kusho

    Alejandro, uma ungazi ukuthi kwenzekani lapho, kungcono uphenye konke ngemuva kwalezi zinto. Ukuthi abantu bayabhubha ngenxa yokuswela ulwazi akubonakali kumnandi kimi, ingasaphathwa eyokuthi bakholelwa konkulunkulu abaletha ukufa kuphela, ubumpofu namashwa kubantu. Ngicabanga ukuthi ukukhuluma ngobumpofu nosizi labo bantu abampofu abangamaHindu abahlupheka ngakho akuhlekisi nakancane.

  12.   efrain kusho

    ukukhanya kuhamba ngamakhilomitha angama-300,000 ngomzuzwana, inkanyezi esondele kakhulu emhlabeni cishe iminyaka eyi-4 elula, le yimininingwane ebalekela ukuqonda kwethu ibanga nesikhathi, kepha siyaqhubeka nokukholelwa kumlingo, ekuphindukuzalwa kankulunkulu ekuhlanzeni umphefumulo wethu , kepha asikakwazi ukubona ubukhulu bendawo yonke (phindaphinda ama-300,000 X 60 X 24 X 365 X 4 ibanga elingamakhilomitha enkanyezini esondele kakhulu emhlabeni) uma isihlabathi sawo wonke amabhishi omhlaba, uhlamvu ngalunye lwesihlabathi bekungeke kube ngumthala othi nawo uqukethe izigidi zezinkanyezi futhi thina singabomunye waleyo mithala. Empeleni kumayelana nokuphila nokuyeka ukuphila, ayikho enye impilo, ayikho enye ihora, ukukholelwa kumuntu waphezulu kulula kunokuchaza indawo engenamkhawulo lapho singelutho neze. YISIKHATHI SOKUVUKA

  13.   i-anicurnal kusho

    Kufanele ngikunikeze isibhaxu ngokubeka leso sithombe, uhlanya

  14.   danii kusho

    sawubona .. Ngifuna nje .. ukukukhombisa lokhu .. ubuke esiphongweni .. uphawu olulethayo .. bese uliqhathanisa nophawu lwamaGibhithe. ngaphezulu kwamakhanda abo .. ngiyabonga .. kuyathakazelisa ..

  15.   I-XURB kusho

    NGICABANGA UKUTHI ISONO ASISUKE KUMFANA OBHALA IBlog, NJENGOBA UKWAZI WENA KUNGAKHO OKUBI, FUTHI OCACILEYO UTHI INGANEKWANE YAMAHINDU, UKWENZA UKUBHEKISELELWA KOKHOLELWA KULO, IQINISO INGXOXO AYIQALI NOMA HHAYI KUYO KUMBIKO KUPHELA OKUTHILE ... LOKHO OKUKHOLELWAYO NOMA HHAYI KULELO SIKO ISINQUMO SOMUNTU WONKE ... Futhi AKUKHO XOXO NGALUTHO LAPHA. OKUBI ISITHOMBE NGENXA YOKUTHI USHICILELE IZINGXENYE ZESITOLO SENTOMBAZANE, KUFANELE BAMBOZE UBUSO BAKHE NEZITHOMBE ZAKHE ...

  16.   UMantusi kusho

    Ngiyalihlonipha isiko labo kepha kungani ngikhonza izithombe ezingamanga ngesizathu sokuthi banobumpofu obugodliwe ngezingubo zabo zokuhlekisa kanye nokubambezeleka kwezingqondo zabo hhayi inhliziyo eyanele kuphela kepha nobuhlakani, akumangazi ukuthi banezingane ezikhubazekile ngenkolelo yonkulunkulu bazo abangenangqondo