Condaunar Andes, tsuntsun ƙasa

ave mulkin mallaka

El Condor na Andes Yana daya daga cikin dabbobin da suka fi dacewa a Amurka ta Kudu. An ɗora wannan tsuntsu mai ɗauke da alama kuma ana ɗaukarsa azaman tsuntsu na ƙasa a cikin ƙasashe masu zuwa: Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru da Colombia.

Kari akan haka, mai samar da kayan kwalliya yana cikin garkuwar larduna daban-daban na wadannan kasashe, da kuma kayan masarufin cibiyoyi kamar su 'Yan sandan Peru, da Jami'ar Na'urar Ma'aikatar Kasar ta Mexico (A tawadar Allah Jami'ar Mendoza a Argentina.

Sha'awar mutane ga wannan kyakkyawan tsuntsu ya daɗe da tafiya. Misali, incas sun yi imani da cewa condor ba ya mutuwa. Sauran tatsuniyoyin pre-Hispanic suna gabatar da condor kamar dabba mai sihiri da hikima cewa, yayin da lokacin mutuwarsa ya kusanto, sai ya tashi zuwa saman dutse, ya rufe fuka-fukansa kuma ya fada cikin fanko don cika zagayen rayuwa.

Dukansu kafin da yanzu, Condor na Andes shine alamar iko da hankali. Mutanen Andean suna ɗaukar su a matsayin mai ɗaukar dabba na alheri ko rashin sa'a, gwargwadon shari'ar. Wasu ma sun gaskata cewa shi ne ke da alhakin "ɗaga rana" a farkon kowace rana.

Halaye na Yanayin Andes

Descripción

El Tsarin gryphus (wannan shine sunan kimiyya na Condor of the Andes) shine ɗayan manyan tsuntsaye masu tashi a duniya. Manyan samfuran suna da tsayi kusan 140 cm kuma fukafukan da suka miƙa sun kai kusan kusan mita uku. Sun auna tsakanin kilogram 12 zuwa 15.

Ana rarrabe shi da ɗankwalin kansa mai jan-toci wanda ya tokare cikin yanayin maza). Bakin sa yana da ƙugiya kuma mai kaifi sosai. Yana da baƙar fata baki, kodayake a wuyanta tana da wani irin abin wuya na farin fuka-fuka masu kyau.

wadatar lso Andes

Misalin namiji na Condor de los Andes, tare da halayyar ɗabi'a

Halayyar

Condor na iya tashi a manyan wurare, sama da mita 6.500 sama da matakin teku. Saboda wannan dalili shine daidai dacewa da rayuwa a cikin mafi girman yankuna na Andes. A zahiri, yana yiwuwa a same shi a duk gefen yamma na yankin Kudancin Amurka da kuma a yankin Patagonia, kudu da Chile da Argentina.

Wannan tsuntsu yana ciyarwa musamman akan gawa, kodayake wani lokacin yana iya farautar kananan dabbobi masu shayarwa. Yawanci yakan yi sheƙa a cikin ramuka da ramuka na wuraren da ba za a iya shiga ba na tsaunukan.

Kodayake galibi suna tattara hankali a cikin ƙungiyoyi don kare kansu daga iska da ruwan sama a cikin abin da ake kira "roosts", masu ta'aziyya dabbobin da ba su da kowa. Suna auren mace daya kuma suna kula da aboki daya a tsawon rayuwarsu. Nasa sake zagayowar haihuwa yana da tsawo (tare da lokacin shiryawa na kusan watanni biyu) kuma mata suna yin kwai ɗaya ne kawai.

Wani nau'in haɗari ne?

Dangane da ƙididdigar Tsuntsayen Tsuntsaye, yawan mutanen duniya na Condor of Andes ya kusan samfuran 6.700. Ana samun yankuna mafi girma a arewacin Argentina, tare da kusan mutane manya 300.

Babban barazanar

Adadin adadin wadannan tsuntsayen yana raguwa babu kakkautawa daga karni na XNUMX zuwa yau. Imanin da Andean ke yi wa masu ta'aziyar ciyarwa ta hanyar farautar ƙaramin ƙaramin shanu, tumaki da sauran dabbobin gida shine dalilin ba a cikin farauta ba y guba ta makiyayan Amurka ta Kudu shekaru da yawa.

Sauran dalilan da suka sa suka fara wannan farauta sun dogara ne da shahararrun maganganun da suke dangantawa da karfin warkewa ko karfin sihiri ga wasu bangarorin aikin kyan gani.

Condor na Andes

Condor a cikin jirgin

A gefe guda, lalata tsarin mazaunin mazaunin mazaunin ya haifar da wannan nau'in zuwa halin da ake ciki matsananci yanayin rauni. Duk wannan, Condor na Andes a yau a Nau'in barazanar, musamman a wasu ƙasashe kamar Colombia.

Ayyukan kiyayewa

A halin yanzu akwai shirye-shirye daban-daban da ake gudanarwa don kiyaye wannan nau'in wanda ke aiki a cikin sake gabatarwa a cikin daji na fursunonin ta'aziyya. An gudanar da waɗannan ayyukan a cikin 'yan shekarun nan a ƙasashen Argentina, Venezuela da Colombia.

Har ila yau abin lura shine Andean Condor Conservation Project (PCCA), wanda Buenos Aires Zoo ya shirya, Gidauniyar Temaikén da Fundación Bioandina Argentina. Aikin waɗannan ƙungiyoyi suna mai da hankali kan adana nau'ikan da muhallinsu a lardin Córdoba na Argentina.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   fanny m

    Ina neman kayan kwalliya don yin kwalliya amma menene zai kasance a cikin yanayi mai launi mafi kyau duk da haka, na gode sosai da gudummawar ku

  2.   Jorge Alejandro Paez Romero m

    Barka dai soyayya

  3.   yajaira m

    yana iya daidaitawa

  4.   yajaira m

    Abun kyama

  5.   karo m

    To na gode sosai saboda na sami abin da nake so

  6.   Mariya m

    Ina tsammanin wannan shafin ya fi kyau, na gode sosai