Polska, shaidan rawa a Sweden

gargajiya gargajiya Sweden

Mafi shaharar rawar rawan gargajiya na Suecia shi ne Poland (kada a rude shi polka ko polka, asalinsu daga Turai ta Tsakiya). Wannan rawa, wacce ake gabatarwa a kusan dukkanin bikin gargajiya na kasar, shima yana da tarihi mai ban sha'awa a bayansa, ana kuma saninsa da sunan Dance shedan.

Ba kamar abin da ke faruwa a wasu ƙasashen Turai ba, a cikin Sweden kiɗan gargajiya (kiɗan jama'a) yana da rai fiye da kowane lokaci. Akwai ƙungiyoyin jama'a da yawa waɗanda ke haɓaka waɗannan tsoffin al'adun, waɗanda aka ba su daga tsara zuwa tsara. Da karinsamar.

Daga Yuni zuwa Satumba, ana yin waɗannan bukukuwa a waje a duk faɗin ƙasar. Gabaɗaya, waɗannan ƙananan tarurruka ne, kodayake wasu daga cikinsu, misali, na Bingjo, wanda ke faruwa a farkon watan Yuli, ya tara dubunnan mutane. A cikin su duka waƙoƙin farin ciki na polska koyaushe suna sauti.

Asalin Polska

Kamar yadda sunan ta ya nuna, asalin polska ya koma tasirin masarauta na Poland a cikin ƙasashen arewacin Turai a farkon ƙarni na sha bakwai (a Yaren mutanen Sweden kalmar ana amfani da kalmar polska don koma zuwa yaren Polan).

Koyaya, masana da yawa suna da'awar cewa banda suna, rawa da kiɗa na polska ta Sweden tana dashi keɓaɓɓun tushen Scandinavia. Wataƙila haihuwar polska ta samo asali ne daga haɗuwa tsakanin al'adun gargajiya daban-daban, wanda da zai canza zuwa yadda yake a yanzu.

 Gaskiyar ita ce a cikin wasu ƙasashen Nordic kamar Norway, Denmark o Finlandia Polska kuma ana rawa, kodayake a cikin bambance-bambancen daban-daban. Yaren mutanen Sweden polska waƙa ce wacce ke da rawa iri ɗaya kamar Waltz. Don yin rawa, yana ɗaukar aƙalla mutane huɗu, kamar yadda yake faruwa da minuet. Koyaya, polska ana rawa da kuzari sosai kuma ba da ladabi ba. A zahiri, tashe-tashen hankulan sa da tarihin wasan kwaikwayon sun kusa da na wasu raye-rayen gargajiya na Balkan fiye da raye-rayen aristocratic da suka fito a cikin kyawawan Salon Turai na karni na XNUMX. Misali mafi kyau na duk wannan muna da mai zuwa video:

Polska a Sweden

An buga polska da rawa a cikin Sweden tsawon ƙarni da yawa. An ci gaba da al'adar daga uba zuwa ɗa, kodayake salo daban-daban na yanki sun samo asali tsawon lokaci.

Daga karni na XNUMX zuwa, an fara rubuta tsofaffin sanannun sautuka a cikin kide-kide. Godiya ga aikin mawaƙa da yawa, polska ta tsira, kamar yadda ya kusan ɓacewa a lokacin da kasar ke bunkasa masana'antu, wanda ya kawo hijirar kauyuka, yin watsi da kauyuka da yawa da manta tsofaffin al'adu da yawa.

A gaskiya, sha'awar cikin dawo da polska ya taso ne bayan yakin duniya na II, tare da shirye-shirye masu zaman kansu da yawa na ƙungiyoyin al'adu da tatsuniyoyi, suna yin kira zuwa ga ƙwaƙwalwa da al'adun tsofaffin mutane daga yankuna daban-daban na ƙasar. Yawancin polskas da yawa an sami tsira kuma kiɗansu ya sake kunnawa shekaru da yawa bayan an buga su na ƙarshe.

Nau'in yanki

A cikin Sweden, ana bambanta nau'ikan polska daban-daban gwargwadon kowane yanki. Waɗannan su ne shahararrun iri:

  • La XNUMXth sanarwa polska, santsi kuma mafi daidaito, ana rawa a kudancin Sweden, musamman a yankin Scania da kuma gabar teku Baltika.
  • La rubutu na takwas polska Ana rawa da kusan a ko'ina cikin ƙasar, kodayake yana da shahara sosai a yankin tsakiyar Dalarna.
  • La polska sau uku shine salon yankuna na yammacin sweden (Varmland, Jamtland y Harjedalen), mafi kusa da iyakar Norway.

Labarin Iblis

Amma, Me yasa aka san polska da "Rawar Iblis"? Wannan sunan yana da asalin sa cikin almara mai ban sha'awa.

shaidan fiddler

Labarin "Rawar Iblis"

Kamar yadda ake iya gani a bidiyon da ke sama, da fiddle shine kayan aiki mafi mahimmanci yayin buga polska. Wani lokacin bayanan violin suna tsawaita da isa zuwa sautuna sama da haka suna tunatar da mu sautunan dabbobi ko ma kiɗa daga wata duniya.

Tarihi yana da cewa a wani lokaci, wasu gungun mutane daga wani garin Sweden sun kira horga sun hallara a kusa da mai kaɗa violin don sauraron kiɗansa da rawa. A wani lokaci, a tsakiyar liyafar, wani baƙon hali wanda ke sanye da baƙar fata ya bayyana wanda ya nemi a ba shi izinin yin wasan goge. Lokacin da yake da kayan aiki a hannunsa sai ya fara wasa karin waƙa mai zafi da zazzabi: polska.

Wannan shine ƙarfin wannan kiɗan wanda babu wanda ya isa ya hana rawa. Haka suka ci gaba har suka mutu, gaba daya sun gaji. Kwarangwal dinsu yaci gaba da rawa kuma suna gama birgima daga dutsen. Wadannan matalauta matalauta sun kasance cikin wadanda aka yi wa lakabi da "Rawar Iblis." Lallai, shi da kansa ne, mutumin ban mamaki a cikin baƙar fata, wanda yake wasa da goge don ɗaukar su tare da shi zuwa Wuta.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   kara m

    Ni monse ne kuma idan na so shi