Masana'antu a Venezuela

mine a cikin venezuela

Wataƙila za ku iya tuna labarai a lokacin yarinku game da masu hakar ma'adinai waɗanda suka tafi ma'adinai don neman rayuwa cikin mawuyacin hali, caji kaɗan don masu adawa da labarin don wadatar da kansu sakamakon ƙoƙarinsu. Rayukan masu hakar gwal suna da haɗari saboda yanayin aiki ba daidai bane… yin aiki a ƙarƙashin ƙasa bai zama mafi kyawun aiki a duniya ba. Masana'antar hakar ma'adinai ta Venezuela sun san wannan sosai, kuma ba tare da buƙatar komawa ga labarai ba, amma ga rayuwa ta ainihi.

Labarun ƙagaggun labarai ne waɗanda galibi ba su da alaƙa da gaskiya, saboda wannan dalili yana da mahimmanci a tuna da hakan gaskiya na iya wuce almara sau da yawa. Kada ku rasa a ƙasa yadda masana'antar hakar ma'adinai take a halin yanzu a cikin ƙasar Venezuela. 

Mai a Venezuela

cire ƙasa daga ma'adinai a cikin venezuela

Man fetur, kamar yadda wataƙila kuka sani, yana ɗaya daga cikin manyan kayayyakin da Venezuela ke da su, abu ne mai ɗanɗano wanda tsawon shekaru goma shine ya taimaka ga ci gaban tattalin arzikin ƙasar. Musamman a cikin shekaru goma na 70s lokacin da masana'antar hydrocarbon suka fara samun mahimmanci.

Bayan lokaci, an ƙirƙiri ofungiyar Kasashen Masu Fitar da Man Fetur kuma Venezuela daga farko ta kasance kuma memba ce. A halin yanzu, mafi yawan kasuwar fitar da mai ta samo asali ne daga Amurka tun lokacin da Venezuela ke samar da matsakaicin ganga dubu na mai kowace rana kawai don kasuwar Amurka. Amma ba za mu iya mantawa ba cewa Venezuela ma tana fitar da mai zuwa wasu kasuwanni da yawa kamar Turai, Mexico da Mercosur.

Sauran nau'ikan mahimman albarkatu a Venezuela

Kodayake gaskiya ne cewa man fetur shine mafi mahimmin abu ga ƙasar Venezuela, ba za mu iya sauka zuwa wasu albarkatun ƙasa waɗanda suma suna da mahimmanci ba kuma suna taimakawa ci gaban tattalin arzikin ƙasar a lokaci guda. Kasar Kudancin Amurka ta Venezuela ita ma tana da wasu mahimman albarkatu kamar karafa da haƙa ma'adinai.

Kamfanin karafa da na ma'adinai ana yin doka ne saboda yana bunkasa cikin sauri kuma farashin karafa kamar su zinare shima yana bunkasa, wani abu da babu shakka yana da amfani ga kasar.

Masana’antar hakar ma’adanai

masu hakar ma'adanai a cikin mahakar venezuela

Babu shakka masana'antar hakar ma'adinai na ɗaya daga cikin mawuyacin hali tunda ana buƙatar saka hannun jari mai yawa don iya amfani da wuraren hakar ma'adinan. Bugu da kari, akwai kuma gurbatar yanayi mai yawa a cikin muhalli kuma yanayin ma'aikata har yanzu suna cikin damuwa kamar lokacin da suka bamu labarin yara.

A halin yanzu Venezuela ba ta da doka a kan ma'adinai, amma ana aiwatar da jerin dokoki don amincewa da su kuma cewa za a iya daidaita amfani da ma'adinai a Venezuela. Ta wannan hanyar ba za a aiwatar da shi ba bisa doka ba ko kamfanoni masu zaman kansu tare da takamaiman manufofin su ba tare da la'akari da wani abu ban da aljihun su ba. Bugu da kari, wani dalilin da ya sa halattawa da kafa dokoki ya zama dole shi ne ta wannan hanyar za a iya yin gwagwarmaya don yanayin ma'aikata.

Kodayake da alama akasin haka ne, yawancin masu amfani da ma'adinai a Venezuela shine kusan 40% na kamfanoni masu zaman kansu, yawanci baƙi kuma sauran kashi 60% mutane ne da ke cin ƙasar ta hanyar ɓoye don wadatar da kansu ta hanyar biyan kuɗin ƙasar. Duk wannan yana da mahimmanci a yi doka da wuri-wuri don duk albarkatun ma'adinai, musamman ma'adanai masu daraja da lu'ulu'u, su zama ƙasashe kuma jihar za ta sami cikakken iko a kansu.

'Yan kasar Venezuela sun yi tururuwa zuwa wuraren hakar zinare don shawo kan rikicin

Nawa a Venezuela

Duk da mummunan haɗarin, 'yan Venezuela suna tururuwa zuwa wuraren haƙar zinare don gujewa matsalar tattalin arziki. Tun daga farkon 2016, farashin zinare a duniya ya karu.

A Venezuela, mafi karancin albashi na wata shine bolivars 15.000, wanda yayi daidai da Euro 1300 kawai. A masana'antar hakar ma'adinai, masu daukar ma'aikata sun san cewa yanayin da ake ciki a wuraren hakar ma'adanai bai wadatar ba, amma suna fakewa suna cewa ta wannan hanyar, sabbin masu shigowa wuraren hakar ma'adinan za su samu gogewa kuma su sami albashin da zai basu damar rayuwa.

Amma ya danganta da albashin da ma'aikata ke samu, wani lokacin dole ne su bayar da wani kaso na albashinsu ga shugabannin ma'adanai saboda suna amfani da wani bangare na wannan kudin don rage masu aikata laifin da ke cin gajiyar masu karbar ma'adinan, tunda ba su da tsaro da za su iya aiki daidai.

Matsalar matsalolin ƙungiyoyi waɗanda ƙila a cikin ma'adinai suna da girma ƙwarai da gaske cewa ɗan lokaci kaɗan Venezuela ta yi mamakin lokacin da aka yi kisan gilla ga masu hakar ma'adinai 17. Wanene zai so ya kashe ma’aikata 17 waɗanda suke neman rai? Dangane da wannan labarin, akwai bincike da abubuwan da suka haifar da wannan kisan gillar, tunda abin ya girgiza ƙasar baki ɗaya.

Idan aka ci gaba da rashin tsari a harkar hakar ma'adinai a Venezuela, za a ci gaba da samun matsaloli saboda zai ci gaba da zama ba bisa ka'ida ba. Idan da aƙalla an tsara shi, masu hakar gwal na iya siyar da gwal ɗin da suka samo ga gwamnati, tare da ƙarin tsari da ƙananan matsalolin tsaro. Gwamnati ma tana iya sanya haraji ga masu hakar gwal tare da sanya kudin a cikin kayan aikin don rage ayyukansu ya zama mai hadari har ma da sanya kudin a titunan birni, asibitoci, wutar lantarki, bukatun 'yan kasa, cikin tsaro da ilimi.

Kodayake ma'adinan suna ba da kuɗi da yawa, idan ba a tsara shi ba kuma akwai dokokin da za su iya ba da tabbaci kan tsari da tsaro, akwai yiwuwar za a ci gaba da samun matsaloli tsakanin mutane, mutuwa, aikata laifi, ƙungiyoyi, tsoro, rashin tsaro ... Kuɗi na iya kawo farin ciki ga mafi munin mutane ko azaba saboda haɗama ko hassada. Saboda wannan dalili, hakar ma'adinai a Venezuela na iya zama babbar hanya idan har akwai damuwa na hadin gwiwa tsakanin al'umma da gwamnati don daidaita wannan yanayin.

 


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Alejandra m

    menene matsalar babu abin da ya bayyana

  2.   Ana m

    Birai suna duban wadannan masana'antun ma'adinai

  3.   Bryan mama m

    Kuma wane ne kamfanonin hakar ma'adinai a Venezuela? Kuma sunaye?

  4.   Anariam belsai briceño madina m

    Menene?