Duwatsun Andes a Venezuela

Ofayan mafi kyawun tsaunuka a duniya shine Tsaunukan Andes Yana ƙetare ƙasashe da yawa a Kudancin Amurka kuma yana tafiya gaba ɗaya Kilomita 8500s na kyau kyau ...

Wani bangare na wannan tsaunin ya ratsa kasar Venezuela, shi ake kira Arewacin Andes: wani tsauni mai ban sha'awa wanda ya ratsa Colombia da Ecuador. Amma a yau za mu mai da hankali ne kawai kan Tsaunukan Andes na Venezuela.

Tsaunukan Andes

Wannan ita ce tsauni mafi tsayi a duniya a duniya kuma za'a iya raba shi zuwa sassa uku, da Arewa andesda Andes tsakiyas da Kudancin Andes.

Arewacin Andes, waɗanda suka tara mu a yau, ba su da faɗi ƙasa da kilomita 150 kuma matsakaicim tsayi ya kai mita 2500. Andes a tsakiyar sune mafi fadi da girma.

Arewacin Andes, wanda ake kira arewacin Andes, Sun fara ne daga bakin ciki na Barquisimet-Carora, a Venezuela, zuwa tsaunin Bombón, a cikin Peru. Garuruwan Benezuela kamar Mérida, Trujillo ko Barquisimeto, suna kan waɗannan mahimman duwatsu.

Ta hanyar da waɗannan duwatsu suke wucewa, shimfidar wuri ta Venezuela ta sami halaye na mutum. Akwai filaye masu fadi a matakin teku amma kuma akwai manyan kololuwa, shi yasa akwai launuka da yawa da fasalin ƙasa cewa abin birgewa ne.

Tsaunukan Andes a Venezuela suna da manyan fasali guda uku: the Sierra de La Koulata, Sierra Nevada da Sierra de Santo Domingo. Sun kai tsayi har zuwa mita 5. Misali, mafi girman ganiya a kasar nan, tare da mita 5.007, na Bolivar Peak. Kodayake akwai kuma wasu masu mutunci kamar su Humbold mai mita 4-940, Bompland mai mita 4880 ko Zaki da mita 4.743.

Iklima tana daidaita tsakanin yanayin polar, mai matukar tsayi, da kuma mafi kyawun yanayi a ƙasan tsaunuka. Ruwan sama kamar da bakin kwarya a cikin ƙasar, daga Afrilu zuwa Nuwamba. Koguna suna tsallaka tsakanin duwatsu, wanda tabbas ba mai iya kewayawa saboda gajere ne kuma yana da ruwa mai ƙarfi. Wannan gudan ya ƙare a tukwane biyu na ruwa: a ɗaya hannun ɗaya a cikin Caribbean, ta Tafkin Maracaibo, kuma a ɗaya da Orinoco, ta Kogin Apure.

Shima ciyawar yankin tana ƙarƙashin yanayi, kuma yanayin, da mun riga mun sani, yana da alaƙa da tsawan ƙasa. Akwai tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire na yanayin zafi da bushe sosai a farkon mita 400 na tsawo, sannan ya bayyana Manyan bishiyoyi, sama da mita dubu 3 dazuzzuka, mafi girma har yanzu akwai sauran ciyawar Paramera kuma sama da mita dubu 4 da muke dasu mosses da lichens.

Andes na Venezuela don haka sun kasance yanki kaɗai a cikin ƙasar da ke da wannan nau'in tsirrai. A yankin da ke da manyan bishiyoyi, tsakanin mita 500 zuwa 2, yanayin wuri yana kama da gandun daji don haka akwai itacen al'ul, laurel, bucares, mahogany ... Yana da kyau, saboda Hakanan ana nuna wannan nau'in iri a cikin fauna.

A cikin Venezuelan fauna akwai bears, sanannen sanannen Andes (Duk da cewa baya rayuwa a nan, kodayaushe yana wucewa), hular kwano, duwawu, barewa, shrews, zomaye, kuliyoyin daji, gaggafa baƙar fata, awaki, mujiya, haɗiye, aku, sarauta, agwagwa, iguanas, macizai, kadangaru da dorados da guabinas, daga cikin nau'ikan kifaye.

Ofarin Andes na Venezuela ya yi idan ana maganar siyasa za su tsallaka jihohi da yawa na ƙasars: Barinas, Apure, Portuguesa, Táchira, Mérida da Trujillo. Kuma kamar yadda muka fada a sama, akwai manyan garuruwa da yawa kamar Mérida, Trujillo, Boconó, San Cristóbal ...

La tattalin arzikin yankin ya kasance yana mai da hankali kan noman kofi da noma, amma bayan ganowar man fetur abubuwa sun canza. Ba wai cewa amfanin gona ya daina yi ba, a zahiri daga nan ake samun noman dankali, legumes, bishiyoyi na 'ya'yan itace, kayan lambu, ayaba da seleri, aladu, kaji da shanu don kasuwar gida, amma a yau man ya zama mai cikakken iko.

Yawon shakatawa a cikin Andes na Venezuela

Kodayake na dogon lokaci wannan yanki na Venezuela bai kasance daga yawon bude ido ba, amma koyaushe muna danganta ƙasar da Caribbean, na ɗan lokaci yanzu, an buɗe ta ga wannan aikin. Ingantawa a cikin kayayyakin sadarwa (ingantaccen hanyar a decadesan shekarun da suka gabata) sun kasance injina.

Kodayake keɓewar da aka yi wa waɗanda ake kira mutanen kudu ya sa sun nisanta da kuɗin da yawon buɗe ido ya bari, a wata hanyar da ta taimaka musu suka kasance masu ƙimar gaske ga wannan kasuwa a yau. Kuma hakane keɓewa ya kiyaye su a cikin duk asalinsu na asali da na mulkin mallaka.

Waɗanda ke zaune a wannan yanki na ƙasar suna bayar da shawarar a hasken yawon shakatawa, ƙananan tasiri, wanda ke kiyaye hanyar rayuwarsu da mahalli. Yawon shakatawa a hannun mutane da kansu ko yawon shakatawa wanda zamu iya kira al'umma.

Zamu iya magana game da wasu Nagartattun wuraren zuwa nan Andes na Venezuela. Misali, garin Merida. An kafa shi a 1558 kuma yana da kyau hular mulkin mallaka, yayin da ke kewaye da duwatsu masu ban sha'awa. Kuna iya ganin Fadar Archbishop, hedkwatar Jami'ar Universidad de los Andes, Cathedral ko Fadar Gwamnati.

Merida tana da kyawawan tituna, ɗalibin ruhu, a kasuwar birni bene mai hawa uku mai matukar shagaltarwa da shahara, mai shagon ice cream wanda ke da dandano fiye da 600 na ice cream, the Coromoto ice cream parlor, tare da nasa wuri a cikin Littafin Rubutun Guinness da wuraren shakatawa da yawa. Daya daga cikin shahararrun wuraren shakatawa shine Los Chorros de Milla, tare da tabkuna, da ruwa da kuma gidan zoo.

Akwai kuma Motar kebul na Mérida wanda ke dauke da ku zuwa Pico Espejo a mita 4765, wanda ya gaza Turai Mont Montc. Gidan shakatawa na Los Aleros, Lambun Botanical tare da tafiya mai ban dariya akan bishiyoyi ... Kuma idan kuna son duwatsu kuna da balaguro zuwa Saliyo Nevada tare da kyawawan kololuwarsu.

Wani shahararren birni shine San Cristóbal, babban birnin jihar Táchira, a kasa da mita 1000 na tsawo kuma saboda haka tare da kyakkyawan kyau. Ya fara daga 1561 kuma yana kusa da kan iyaka da Colombia saboda haka yana da kasuwancin gaske. Hakanan, yana da majami'u da yawa na mulkin mallaka don ziyarta.

Trujillo Ita ce babban birnin ƙasar ƙaramar ƙasar Andelan. Yana da mulkin mallaka da kyau kamar dukkan jihar. An kafa shi a 1557 kuma yana a tsayin mita 958. An san shi da babban mutum-mutumi na Budurwar Salama, mai tsayin sama da mita 46 da nauyin tan 1200. Yana da ra'ayoyi masu kyau kuma hoton daga nan ya zama dole. Tsohon garin yana da kyau, tare da kyakkyawan baroque da babban coci na soyayya.

Sauran kyawawan wurare sune Jajó, Táriba, Peribeca, Capacho ... duk waɗannan wurare suna da ƙawancensu da kuma tsarin gastronomic da otal ɗin su.


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