Haida, 'yan asalin Kanada

Haida

Tarihin Haida, wanda wani yanki ne na asali wanda ke zaune a cikin duwatsu da gandun daji na lardin British Columbia, ya faro ne daga shekara ta 1774, lokacin da Spanish Spanish Juan Pérez ya ziyarce su a karo na farko, har sai a shekarar 1778 suka sami ziyarar daga Dan Kasar Scotland James Cook.

Tsawon shekaru da kuma ganin isowar mafarautan otter wadanda suka aski fatun, wannan yankin yana ƙaruwa da kasuwancinsa wanda baya ƙarewa har sai da dabbobin suka halaka. Wannan ya sa Haida motsawa zuwa wasu yankuna, suna fama da tsangwama daga masu bincike da baƙin da suka zo ƙasashensu. Kuma dole 1986 ta isa, don a ayyana yankin Haida a matsayin yanki mai kariya da kuma kayan tarihi na duniya.

Kuma shine al'ummomin asali, kamar Haida, sun zauna waɗannan ƙasashe tsawon dubunnan shekaru. A halin yanzu, yankunansu sune dalilin ziyarar dubban masu yawon bude ido tunda suna wakiltar wani yanki mai muhimmanci da ba makawa na lardin.

Tarihin ya ba da labarin cewa a cikin 1841 akwai adadin 'yan asalin Haida 8.300, musamman a yankunan Sarauniya Charlotte da Yarima Wales. Amma shekaru goma daga baya lambar ta ragu zuwa 3.000, kuma zuwa 1960 saura 210 ne kawai a Alaska, da 650 a Kanada.

Gaskiyar al'adar ita ce, harshen Haida yare ne na daban wanda a da ake la'akari da shi a cikin Na-Dené dangin harsuna, wanda aka kera shi ta hanyar rarraba sunaye zuwa na mutum da na mutum, ta amfani da kari da kari da kuma yin maganganu iri-iri.

Ya kamata kuma a sani cewa tattalin arzikinta ya ta'allaka ne akan kamun kifin kifin kifi da kifi, da kuma farautar dabbobi masu shayarwa da barewar farauta, beavers, da tsuntsaye. Haka kuma, sun yi fice saboda dabi'un katako da ƙwarewar kwale-kwalensu.

Haida


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