Ababhali abaBalaseleyo boNcwadi lwaseIndiya

URabindranath Tagore

La uncwadi lwaseIndiya yenye yezona zibalulekileyo nezindala ehlabathini. Kubalulekile ukuba uqaphele ukuba uncwadi lwaseIndiya lwenziwe ngemibhalo kwiilwimi ezahlukeneyo ezinje nge-Hindi, Urdu, Sanskrit, Marathi, Bengali, Kannada, English, phakathi kwezinye. Uninzi lwemisebenzi ebaluleke kakhulu eIndiya iguqulelwe kwiilwimi ezahlukeneyo zehlabathi, kwaye ezinye zazo zajika zangumdlalo weqonga nemidlalo yaseIndiya. Imbali yoncwadi lwaseIndiya ibuyela kwimibhalo yesiSanskrit kunye neVedas.

Namhlanje siza kwazi ukuba ngoobani abangabona baninzi ababhali abakhulu baseIndiya. Masiqale ngokukhomba URabindranath Tagore, Umbhali waseBangali oshiye ilifa elikhulu lamabali, iinoveli kunye nemidlalo, kodwa nokwenziwa komculo. Eminye yemisebenzi edumileyo kaTagore yiGitanjali, Gora, Chaturanga, Shesher Kobita, Char Odhay, Noukadubi, Ghare Baire, kunye neKaabooliwala. Kufanelekile ukuba sikhankanye ukuba uTagore waphumelela iMbasa yeNobel yoNcwadi ngo-1913, yiyo loo nto waba ngumntu wokuqala wase-Asiya ukufumana eli bhaso.

Kufuneka sikhankanye iDhanpat Rai Srivastav eyaziwa ngokuba yi i-premchand, umbhali owazalelwa e-Uttar Pradesh wajonga omnye wababhali ababalaseleyo kuncwadi lwaseHindustani. Imisebenzi yakhe ibandakanya ngaphezulu kweshumi elinambini iinoveli, malunga nama-250 amabali amafutshane, izincoko ezahlukeneyo, kunye nokuguqulelwa kwenani lemisebenzi yamanye amazwe yoncwadi lwesiHindi Eminye yemisebenzi yakhe edumileyo yile: iPanch Parameshvar, Idgah, Nashaa, Shatranj ke Khiladi, Poos ki raat, Kafan, Dikri Ke Rupai, Udhar Ki Ghadi, Sevasadan kunye noGodan.

I-Rasipuram Krishnaswami Iyer Narayanaswami yaziwa ngcono njenge URK Narayan Wayengumbhali waseIndiya, wabhala iincwadi zeentsomi nezingeyonyani. Eminye yemisebenzi yakhe edumileyo yile: Swami kunye nabahlobo bakhe, Hamish Hamilton, Isidanga sezobuGcisa, Igumbi eliMnyama, Ingcali yezeMali, Ukulinda iMahatma, phakathi kwabanye.

Más información: IQueer Ink ivula ucango loncwadi lwamafanasini eIndiya

Umthombo: Uluhlu lweDosi

Ifoto: IBN Live


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