IBurma

IBurma ikwi EMazantsi mpuma Asiya, emdeni, phakathi kwamanye amazwe ane iTshayina e Indiya , iingxilimbela ezimbini zommandla. Nangona kunjalo, MyanmarNjengoko kusaziwa njalo, akukho kuncinci, kuba phantse ikhulu elinamakhulu asixhenxe amawaka eekhilomitha.

Kwintsimi ebanzi, unezinto ezininzi onokuzibona. Kukho izixeko ezikhulu njengekomkhulu lakho, Yangon, kodwa kunye needolophu ezincinci ezibonakala ngathi ziyekile ngexesha. Ngokufanayo, kunjalo iitempile ezintle, kodwa kunye ubuhle bendalo kunye neendlela zeentaba. Ukongeza, ngumhlaba wempembelelo eyomeleleyo yamaBuddha evulelwe ukhenketho kungekudala. Ukuba ufuna ukwazi okungakumbi ngeBurma, siyakukhuthaza ukuba uqhubeke nokufunda.

Yintoni ongayibona eBurma

Ukusuka kwinto esandula ukukuxelela yona, iMyanmar yidayimani erhabaxa ngokombono wokhenketho. Kutshanje uye wajoyina i iisekethe kuMzantsi-mpuma Asia kunye nemimangaliso yayo emikhulu nebukekayo ayifumani zigidi zabantu ngonyaka. Ngayiphi na imeko, siza kukubonisa eyona ilungileyo.

IRangoon, ikomkhulu langaphambili lelizwe

Esi sixeko sinabantu abangaphezulu kwezigidi ezintlanu sasilikomkhulu laseBurma kude kube ngo-2005 kwaye siqhubeka njengeyona ndawo iphambili yokungena kweli lizwe. Nangona kunjalo, ayisisixeko sihle ngokukhethekileyo, ubuncinci ukuba siyasithelekisa nabanye.

Ngayiphi na imeko, inezinto ekufuneka uzindwendwele. Injalo imeko yenkolo ishwedagon, apho i-pagoda enegama elifanayo ibonakala. Sisiphunga esimangalisayo (eBurma babizwa njalo abahlekisi) ikhulu leemitha ukuphakama kwaye ihlambe ngegolide. Nangona ilivo linika iminyaka engama-2500 XNUMX ubudala, iingcali zibeka umhla phakathi kwekhulu le-XNUMX nele-XNUMX lexesha lethu. Ukusuka kwimbono yobuBuddha, yeyona ibalulekileyo kweli lizwe, kuba inezixhobo zayo UBuddha.

Ayisiyiyo kuphela i-stupa onokuyibona eRangoon. Sikucebisa ukuba undwendwele Sule pagoda, i-octagonal shape kunye nedome yegolide ngokulinganayo, okanye Chaukhtatgyi pagoda, Ehlala umfanekiso omkhulu kaBuddha, njengoko kusenzeka kwifayile ye- Paya Ngahtatgyi.

Shwedagon pagoda

I-Shwedagon Pagoda

Naipyidó, idolophu yesiporho

Ngelixa i imali yolawulo ukusuka eBurma ukusukela ngo-2005, asiyibandakanyi apha njengengcebiso, kodwa ngenxa yokuba inomdla. Yenziwe ngengqondo kwindawo esemaphandleni kwaye kuthiwa igubungela indawo izihlandlo ezithandathu zeNew York. Nangona kunjalo Inani elincinci kakhulu. Ngapha koko, inani labemi alaziwa, nangona liqikelelwa kwisigidi esinye, nto leyo ingeyonto kangako kwindawo enkulu kangaka. Asikucebisi ukuba undwendwele, kodwa ukuba uyakwenza oko, qiniseka ukubona isitokhwe esikhulu seBuddhist Upatasanti.

IBagan, isixeko seetempile eBurma

Ifumaneka kwithafa eliphambili leli lizwe, kunxweme lwe Umlambo i-Irrawaddy, sele ibhengeziwe Ilifa lehlabathi ngeetempile zayo ezintle. Kuyathethwa ukuba kukho amawaka amane, kodwa ekufuneka ubatyelele ngendlela ebalulekileyo zezabo Ananda, ukusukela kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMX kwaye kwabizwa "I-Burmese Westminster Abbey" ngenxa yobungangamsha bayo; sulamani, ukusuka kwiXII kunye nokutolika kuthetha "Amagugu kwisithsaba"; UDhammayangyi, ngokungathandabuzekiyo ngombala wayo omdaka kwindawo apho ziphantse zonke zagolide, kwaye Shwezigon, ijikelezwe ngamaclown amane nganye inomfanekiso kaBuddha.

IMandalay, omnye ummangaliso waseBurma

Olunye utyelelo olubalulekileyo kuhambo lwakho oluya eBurma sisixeko saseMandalay, esinegama elikhuthazayo ngumboniso wayo yonke into onokuyibona kuyo. Ukuqala, ulahleke kwizitrato ezimxinwa zedolophu yakudala, ezele kukuphithizela nemivalo.

Kodwa ngaphezu kwako konke, ndwendwela ezixabisekileyo Ibhotwe laseMandalay, apho kwakuhlala khona inkosi yokugqibela yeli lizwe. Ime ngaphakathi kwinqaba kwaye yakhiwa ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX. Inezakhiwo ezininzi ezinophahla oluqhekezayo kwaye, ngendlela ye-anecdote, siza kukuxelela ukuba inani lazo ulwakhiwo ngalunye lubonisa ukubaluleka kwalo.

Kuya kufuneka ubone eMandalay inomdla Itempile yaseMahamuni, Ehlala nomlingiswa omncinane kaBuddha. Ukuqhubeka ngamabali kunye nee-anecdotes, siya kukuxelela ukuba ithathwa njenge ikopi yokwenyani kuphela ezikhoyo kuye ehlabathini.

Okokugqibela, ukuba uzifumanisa ukwazi ukunyuka amanyathelo ayo ayi-1700, yiza IMandalay Hill, apho uya kufumana khona umbono omangalisayo wesixeko.

Itempile yaseMahamuni

Itempile yaseMahamuni

Hsipaw, olunye utyelelo

Ngokuchanekileyo ivela eMandalay ukuba Olona hambo lukaloliwe lubalaseleyo eMyanmar, Ilungele kuphela abakhenkethi. Ifikelela kwisixeko sase lashio, kodwa ibalasele ngobume bayo obunomtsalane kwaye, ngaphezulu kwayo yonke, i Gokteik viaduct, Ubume besinyithi obuethe-ethe phantse iimitha ezimakhulu asixhenxe ukusuka kumphezulu womhlaba.

Uloliwe naye uyayeka kwidolophu yase hsipaw, ekubonelela ngolunye utyelelo eBurma ngaphandle kweesekethe zabakhenkethi. Kule dolophu uza kubona ukuba bunjani ubomi bemihla ngemihla belizwe laseAsia kwaye ungandwendwela neBagan encinci, Shan ibhotwe kunye imoslim yamaSilamsi. Kodwa ngaphezulu kwako konke, yiya kwi Nduli yeeBuddha ezintlanu, apho uya kukuxabisa ukutshona kwelanga okumangalisayo.

Ihlathi laseKakku Stupa

Njengoko ubona, yonke iBurma igcwele iitempile kunye nee-stupas. Kodwa ukuba ufuna ukubona indawo ekhethekileyo kwilizwe laseAsia, ndwendwela ihlathi le-stupa IKakku. Luhambo olukhulu olwenziwe ngama-2500 amancinci amancinci, nganye inomfanekiso wayo kaBuddha, eya kukushiya uchukumisekile.

Inle Lake, indawo yemilingo eBurma

Ifumaneka kwi shan iintaba Phantse kumakhulu alithoba eemitha ukuphakama, ukuhamba kweli chibi ngumlingo. Ukuqala, ikhangeleka ngakumbi njengomlambo, ubude bayo ziikhilomitha ezili-XNUMX nge-XNUMX ububanzi ububanzi. Kodwa, ukongeza, kwiibhanki zayo kukho iilali ezingamakhulu amabini abemi bayo, Inta (o "Oonyana bechibi"), Gcina wonke umtsalane wendabuko waseBurma.

INtaba iPopa kunye neemonki zayo

Enye indawo esongelwe ngaphakathi ubugqi YiNtaba iPopa. Kwanele ukuba umbone, elilolo ethafeni, ukuze uyiqonde into esiyithethayo. Ukongeza, phezulu kwayo intle taung kalat monastery, ekubonakala ukuba ibekwe ngomlingo apho.

Ukunyuka uye phezulu kufuneka unyuke amanyathelo angama-777. Kodwa lumka ngezinto oziphetheyo kuba azinasiphelo Iimonos bakhusela umzi woonongendi kwaye baya kubabamba nangononophelo oluncinane onalo.

INtaba iPopa

INtaba iPopa

Iilwandle zaseNgapali, indawo eyaziwa njengeBurma

Ngokusengqiqweni, kwilizwe elilingana neBurma kwakufuneka kubekho iilwandle ezintle ngokulinganayo. Kwimeko yakho, bakummandla we Ngapali. Baqala ukuxhatshazwa kukhenketho, kodwa bagcina umoya othile wentombi. Ukonwabela oko kuya kukuvumela ukuba uphumle emva kotyelelo oluninzi.

Kukuliphi ixesha ukuhamba uye kwilizwe laseAsia

IBurma ineentlobo ezahlukeneyo zemozulu. Kodwa, ngokubanzi, ilawula EMazantsi mpuma Asiya. Oko kukuthi, unokuzifumana amaxesha amabini: okumanzi nokomileyo. Eyokuqala, ukongeza ekubeni kunetha, lixesha lemvula kwaye liyatshisa kwaye asiyicebisi.

Kungcono ukuba undwendwele ilizwe ngexesha elingenamvula, ngakumbi phakathi kukaDisemba noMatshi. Nangona kunjalo, eyokuqala kwezi nyanga ihambelana nexesha eliphakamileyo, apho amaxabiso abiza kakhulu. Kuzo zonke ezi zizathu, sikucebisa ukuba uye eBurma phakathi kukaJanuwari noMatshi.

Yintoni oza kuyitya eBurma

Enye yeendlela ezilungileyo zokwazi ilizwe kukungcamla i-gastronomy yalo. Ubuncinci utyelelo aluphelelanga ukuba awuzami. Isidlo saseBurma siphenjelelwa kakhulu ngabamelwane baso iTshayina, Indiya y Tailandia. Ngenxa yoko, i ilayisi Sisithako esisisiseko kwizitya zabo kwaye izinto ezingafunekiyo zikwimeko ebonakalayo Intlanzi yoLwandle iAndaman.

Ngokuya kweyokuqala, balungiselela a irayisi enobuthi okanye ibonakaliswe njengobunzima obudibeneyo kwiindidi zayo nge cheik kuthathwa isidlo sakusasa. Ngokufanayo, ioodles o neodle zizinto ezibalulekileyo.

Ngokubhekisele kwizitya eziqhelekileyo, ii isuphu, Kubizwe hayi, nangona zibizwa ngokuba ziiasidi chiyei. Kwinxalenye yayo, ngapi Ziimvundla ezibilisiweyo ezitya imifuno kunye nerayisi; i Lephet thoke Isaladi yegqabi leti, ekwanekhaphetshu namandongomane, kunye hto-hpu wena Inomgubo ocoliweyo wepickpea kunye nengulube okanye inkukhu kwaye inongwe ngepaprika kunye namayeza amnandi.

Ichibi lase-Inle

Ichibi lase-Inle

Kodwa isitya sesizwe saseBurma mohinga, ezinye iirayisi zerayisi zikhatshwa yintlanzi kunye nomhluzi wetswele. Unokuthatha nezinye izithako ezinje ngemifuno, amaqanda abilisiweyo, iilenti eziqhotsiweyo kunye ne-crispy banana tripe.

Kodwa unokuzama iifayile ze Ikhari yeBurmese, ehamba kunye nayo yonke into, nangona ihlala inerayisi, imifuno, imifuno, itofu kunye nesosi ngapi wena. Okokugqibela, i nan gyi thoke Ineeodle ezinkulu eziqhotsiweyo kunye nenkukhu, intlanzi esisikiweyo, iqanda elibilisiweyo kunye neembotyi zembotyi.

Ukugqiba ukutya okuqhelekileyo, unazo iilekese eBurma. Ngapha koko, thatha iti kunye namaqebengwana Yisiko phakathi kwabemi beli. Ezona zidume kakhulu zezi zintso, luhlobo lwebhanti enencasa yeediliya kunye nekhokhonathi, kunye ubhonin moun (sicinga ukuba zintso kuthetha into efana nekhekhe), ezinamaqebengwana amdaka kunye namnandi.

Nangona kunjalo, ukuba ukhetha iziqhamo, unezinto ongasayi kuzibona eSpain. Umzekelo, yena durian. Kodwa kufuneka sikulumkise ukuba ivumba lalo alithandeki ncam. Ngapha koko, bakho abo bambizileyo "Esona siqhamo sinukayo emhlabeni". Nangona kunjalo, wakube woyisile loo mpembelelo, inyama yabo inencasa ekhethekileyo.

Xa kuziwa kwiziselo, i iti ngokomahluko owahlukileyo ngulowo wesizwe. Kodwa isiBurma sisebenzisa kakhulu ubhiya kwaye ngenxa. Uninzi lwemveli kulo mmandla yi lebhasi, isiselo esinxilisayo esifumaneka kwisundu sekhokhonathi.

Ufika njani eBurma

Eyona ndlela yokungena kwilizwe laseAsia kungoku Isikhululo senqwelomoya saseYangon. Banayo nayo Mandalay y Naipyidi, kodwa iinqwelomoya ezivela phesheya zinqabile.

IGokteik Viaduct

IGokteik Viaduct

Kanye eBurma, ukuhamba phakathi kweedolophu, ezona zilungileyo yimigca ye- ibhasi. Ungazifumana kuzo zonke iintlobo, ukusuka kwizithuthi zale mihla ezinomatshini womoya ukuya kwiiveni ezincinci zabagibeli abamalunga namashumi amathathu. Unamathuba okuba renta imoto nomqhubi, kodwa ayibizi. Enye indlela yokuhamba kukusebenzisa iifayile ze- izikhephe oqukuqela imilambo yelizwe.

Okokugqibela, ukutyelela izixeko ezikhulu, nawe unayo Iibhasi zedolophu. Kodwa eziqhelekileyo ziyafana ooritsho, ithandwa kakhulu kule ndawo yaseAsia. Owona mxholo wokuqala zezi iimoto ezisecaleni kunye uben, inamavili amathathu kwaye iyafana ne tuk-tuk de Tailandia. Nangona kunjalo, iindlela ezikhethiweyo zothutho ezidolophini zabemi zezi ibhayisekile. Kuzo zonke izixeko ezikhulu uya kufumana amanqaku okurenta kwabo.

Ukuqukumbela, iBurma lilizwe elihle elingekasetyenziswa gwenxa kakhulu ngabanini babakhenkethi abakhulu. Nangona kunjalo, le sele itshintsha kuba ikunika iitempile ezimangalisayo y indalo edlamkileyo nenomtsalane. Ngaba unesibindi sokulazi ilizwe laseAsia?


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