Limeleni ifulege laseGrisi?

Ifulegi lesiGreki

Amabhendi ayisihlanu avundlile aluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, amane amhlophe nesiphambano esimhlophe ngemuva okwesibhakabhaka ekhoneni elingenhla kwesokunxele. I- Ifulegi le- Greece Kuwuphawu lukazwelonke lombuso wanamuhla wamaGrikhi futhi kusukela ngo-1978 ifulegi elisemthethweni kuphela lezwe.

Okuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka nokumhlophe kube yimibala esetshenziswa kakhulu ngamaGrikhi kuwo wonke umlando wawo. Yize kungekho ukuqiniseka okungokomlando, abanye abashisekeli bokushisekela izwe baseGrisi bavikela ukuthi le mibala iyona ebihlobisa izikhali ezifanayo Ama-Achilleskanti ezinye zihlehlela emuva esikhathini sobukhosi se- Umbuso waseByzantium, imikhumbi yabo nezikwele zabo zazigqoke okumhlophe noluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ezikhathini eziningi.

Yebo kuyakhonjiswa ukuthi lezi zazikhona imibala yokuvukela abase-Ottoman ekupheleni kwekhulu le-1821. Ngaphezu kwalokho, amabutho alwela inkululeko yezwe, phakathi kuka-1822 no-XNUMX, amukela i- isiphambano esimhlophe ensimini eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka amabhanela akho. Ngisho nangesikhathi seMpi Yezwe Yesibili, ukumelana okuhlelekile ngokumelene nabahlaseli base-Italiya nabaseJalimane kwapenda imidwebo yezakhiwo ezinale mibala ukuqinisekisa impi yabo.

Umlando wefulegi laseGrisi

Kepha ifulegi laseGrisi owazalwa ngasikhathi sinye nombuso wanamuhla wamaGrikhi. Kumele kukhunjulwe lapha ukuthi, kusukela ezikhathini zakudala, abantu baseGrisi babengakaze bathokozele ubumbano lwezepolitiki nolwezindawo ngaphandle kwezikhathi ababengaphansi kombuso wamanye amazwe (iMakedoniya, iRoma, iByzantium, uMbuso wase-Ottoman).

Ukuzimela kweGrisi kwamenyezelwa ngoMashi 25, 1821, yize kwaqashelwa ngokugcwele eminyakeni ethile kamuva. NgoJanuwari wonyaka olandelayo i Umhlangano Jikelele Wokuqala waseGrisi ebanjelwe edolobheni elinomlando we I-Epidaurus. It phakathi kokunye kwasungulwa izimpawu kazwelonke. Kuze kube yileso sikhathi, amabutho nezinhlangano ezahlukahlukene ezazilwile nabaseTurkey ukuthola inkululeko zazinefulegi lazo. Kwakudingeka ukuthi ukhethe okukodwa okwamukelwa yibo bonke.

imidwebo yomlando we-greek flag

Imiklamo ehlukahlukene yefulegi laseGrisi kusuka ngo-1921 kuze kube namuhla.

Ngemuva kwezingxoxo eziningi, ekugcineni uhulumeni wesikhashana wakhipha isinqumo ngoMashi 15, 1822 iphethini ngqo yefulegi lesiGrikhi: isiphambano esimhlophe esiluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka sefulegi lomhlaba. Emikhunjini yamasosha, lo mklamo wasungulwa ngemigqa eyisishiyagalolunye yemibala eshintshanayo nesiphambano esimhlophe esigangeni esiluhlaza ekhoneni elilodwa (okungukuthi, ukwakheka kwamanje), okwathi ngekhulu lama-XNUMX ekugcineni kwagcina kungena esikhundleni sefulegi lokuqala lokuqala.

El umbuso waseGrisi Ibikhombisa izimpawu ezahlukahlukene efulethini layo kubhekiswa ebukhosini noma kubukhosi obubusayo, obanyamalala ngezikhathi ze-republican zomlando wezwe (njengowamanje, ngokwesibonelo).

Njengokulangazelela, kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi, phakathi neminyaka ye- ubushiqela beJunta Yezempi (1967-1974), ubukhulu befulegi lesiGrikhi baguqulwa. Ngakho-ke, umbala wendabuko oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka wathathelwa indawo luhlaza okotshani obumnyama.

Incazelo yemibala nezimpawu

Uma ubuza isakhamuzi esijwayelekile esingumGrikhi ukuthi sisho ukuthini imibala yefulegi lakhe, uzophendula ngaphandle kokungabaza. Cishe bonke abakhileyo ezweni bayaqiniseka ukuthi lezi kufanekisela okuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka kolwandle nokumhlophe kwamagagasi. Le yinkolelo esabalele kakhulu ezweni lamaHellenic, yize ingenasisekelo sangempela. Iqiniso ukuthi ifulegi laseGrisi laziwa kakhulu njenge-Γαλανόλευκη, okusho ukuthi "okuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka nokumhlophe", ngaphandle kokuchaza incazelo yombala ngamunye.

ISantorini Island Greece

Imibala eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka nemhlophe yefulegi ikhona ezindaweni eziningi zamaGrikhi

Ngokuqondene nesiphambano esimhlophe esiluhlaza ekhoneni, incazelo yaso ibonakala ingekho embuzweni. Lokhu kumele Isonto Lama-Greek Orthodox, okuyinkolo eningi ezweni.

Esinye isiko esasakazeke kakhulu esithandwayo yileso incazelo yemivimbo eyisishiyagalolunye, eyayizomela izinhlamvu eziyisishiyagalolunye zebinzana elithi Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος ("Inkululeko noma ukufa"): imivimbo emihlanu eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka yamaqoqo ezwi elithi Ελευθερία ("inkululeko") kanye nemivimbo emine emhlophe yebinzana elithi ή Θάνατος ("noma ukufa »).

Esikhundleni salokho, abathandi bezwe lakudala bazokhetha enye inkolelo ethi le mivimbo eyisishiyagalolunye ifanekisela amaMuses ayisishiyagalolunye kusukela ezinganekwaneni zasendulo zamaGrikhi.

Okunye okuphawulekile yi- ukusetshenziswa okusemthethweni kwefulegi laseGrisi njengoba kulawulwa ngumthetho walelizwe. Isibonelo: kuzo zonke izakhiwo ezisemthethweni, kufaka phakathi izikole, imikhumbi namanxusa amaGrikhi aphesheya, isibonakaliso sikazwelonke saseGrisi kumele siphakamiswe ngo-8 ekuseni sehliswe ngaphambi kokushona kwelanga. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, kunqatshelwe ngokuphelele ukuyisebenzisa njengesizinda sanoma iluphi uhlobo lombhalo noma isithombe, noma njengophawu lwenkampani noma ngezinjongo zokuhweba.

Kuyathakazelisa ukuthi umthetho ucacisa nokuthi ifulegi lesizwe alinakulengwa efasiteleni noma kuvulandi. Lokhu kwehluka kakhulu kulokho okwenziwa kwamanye amazwe anjengeSpain. EGreece, ngakolunye uhlangothi, ifulegi kufanele njalo lihanjiswe esigxotsheni.


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