Onkulunkulu abathathu abakhulu bamaHindu

UbuHindu

El UbuHindu Ingenye yezinkolo ezindala kakhulu emhlabeni, eyenziwa ngabantu abangaphezu kwezigidi eziyi-1.100 ezwenikazi lase-Asia nakwezinye izingxenye zomhlaba. Vuliwe I-India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh neMalaysia kukhona abaningi abalandela imiyalo yayo futhi bakhonze onkulunkulu abathathu abaphambili bamaHindu.

Ngokungafani nezinye izinkolo, labonkulunkulu bakhulekelwa empilweni yansuku zonke. Ngaphezu kwezidalwa ezingabonakali nezikude, zibonwa njengezibalo eziyingxenye yeqiniso lansuku zonke. Kunemisinga eminingi nezikole ngaphakathi kobuHindu.

Ngaphakathi kwenhlangano yamaHindu ehlukahlukene, akubona bonke onkulunkulu abasesigabeni esifanayo. Abekho onkulunkulu abangaphansi kwezigidi ezingamashumi amathathu, kepha akubona bonke ababaluleke ngokulinganayo futhi abahlonishwayo.

Laba onkulunkulu abathathu abaphambili bamaHindu: UBrahma, uVishnu noShiva. Bakha ifayili le- I-Trimurti ("Amafomu amathathu" ngesi-Sanskrit) futhi amele ngokulandelana imijikelezo yendalo, ukongiwa nokubhujiswa kwendawo yonke.

I-Brahma

Ngokwesiko lenkolo lamaHindu, I-Brahma Ungunkulunkulu ongumdali we-Universe. Konke okukhona emhlabeni ukwenziwa nguye. Ifanekisela ukuhlakanipha nokuhlakanipha.

UBrahma unabafazi ababili: uSaraswati, unkulunkulukazi wolwazi, noSavitri, oyindodakazi kankulunkulu welanga. Unguyise ka Dharma (umdali unkulunkulu wenkolo) no I-Atri. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ungubaba wamadodana ayishumi nendodakazi okuvela kuyo izinhlanga ezehlukene zabantu.

Ngokwesiko, indawo ahlala kuyo ikhona I-Brahmapura, idolobha laphezulu elisendaweni ephakeme INtaba iMeru, okuyinto ngakolunye uhlangothi ebhekwa njengesikhungo somhlaba.

I-Brahma

Ukumelwa kukaBrahma, unkulunkulu ongumdali we-Universe wamaHindu

La ukumelwa kwesithonjana seBrahma Yikhehla elinesikhumba esibomvu elinamakhanda amane ezinentshebe. Lezi ndevu ezimhlophe zifanekisela ukuhlakanipha. Umlomo wayo omine ufunda omunye wamaVeda noma imibhalo engcwele. Ubuye abe nezingalo ezine izandla zabo ziphethe izinto ezihlukile:

  • Isitsha samanzi, umthombo wokuphila.
  • Intambo yobuhlalu (yapha-mala) ukubala iminyaka yoMkhathi.
  • Umbhalo ovela kumaVeda.
  • Imbali ye-lotusi-padma).

IBrahma ivela ezithombeni nasemidwebo eminingi ngemuva kwe- i-swan enkulu egama linguJansa, inyoni yaphezulu ekuvumela ukuthi uhambe ubude nobubanzi beMvelo.

Njengokulangazelela, kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi iBrahma futhi iwumkhiqizo wobhiya odume kakhulu eNdiya. Abantu abaningi bayayiphuza ngaphandle kokuthi lokhu kubhekwe njengengcwele.

Vishnu

Uma uBrahma engunkulunkulu ongumdali, ubuHindu buyabucabangela Vishnu njengonkulunkulu olondolozayo. Ungumgcini wokuhleleka, ukuthula nothando eMkhathini. Ungunkulunkulu onamandla ogcwele ubuhle, okwazi ukwenza izimangaliso ezingacabangi kakhulu nokuthi ulwa kakhulu futhi unonya ngamademoni nezidalwa ezimbi.

Ngokwesiko, ikhaya likaVishnu lisendaweni ebizwa Vaikhunta, etholakala phezulu ngaphezu kwesibhakabhaka ngaphesheya kwezintaba ze-Himalaya. I- iGanges, umfula omkhulu ongcwele waseNdiya, uphuma ezinyaweni zakhe. UVishnu ushadile Lakshmi, unkulunkulukazi wobuhle nengcebo.

Vishnu

Isethulo sakudala sikaVishnu ngesokuthi ubukeka njengomuntu, isikhumba esiluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka esinezingalo ezine. Esifubeni sakhe kunengidi yezinwele ezimhlophe. NjengoBrahma, unezimpawu ezine aziphethe ezandleni zakhe ezine:

  • Imbali ye-lotusi-padma).
  • Igobolondo le-conch (shanká) elake lazwakala ngemuva kokunqoba kwezempi.
  • Isigaxa segolide uVishnu ashaya ngaso amakhanda amadimoni.
  • Indandatho yensimbi ebukhali kakhulu (ISudarshana chakra) alisebenzisayo ukubulala amadimoni.

UVishnu uvame ukubonakala ehleli enkulu Imbali ye-lotus futhi ephelezelwa nguLaksmi, elele ethangeni lakhe.

Shiva

Ilungu lesithathu leTrimurti UShiva, unkulunkulu wombhubhisi. Ngenkathi uVishnu emele ukuqala kokuphila, uShiva ufanekisela ukuphela. Indima yawo ibalulekile ngaphakathi kobuHindu, lapho ukufa kudingeka khona kuqala ukuze kuvuke. Yingakho kungafanele athathwe njengonkulunkulu omubi, kunalokho.

Ezinye zeziteketiso zakhe "ezesabekayo" noma "onika injabulo." Ungunkulunkulu womdanso, ngakho-ke umculo nokudansa kubaluleke kakhulu emicimbini nasemasikweni azungeze isibalo sakhe.

Unkosikazi kaShiva ungunkulunkulukazi I-Parvati, ayenezingane ezintathu naye: I-Aiapa, iGhanesa neKartikeia, Unkulunkulu wempi. Indawo yokuhlala iShiva itholakala endaweni ye- Intaba kailash, njengamanje isendaweni yamaShayina.

shiva

Isifanekiso esikhulu sikaShiva ethempelini lamaHindu

Isithombe sakudala sikaShiva ngesika-yogi onesikhumba esiluhlaza kwesinye isikhathi ekhonjiswa ehleli endaweni yokuzindla nangezinye izikhathi njengomdansi onenye imilenze yakhe emoyeni. Emqaleni kwentamo yakhe a inyoka lokho kufanekisela amandla abalulekile.

Uye amehlo amathathu, esinye sazo sibekwe ebunzini. Lelihlo lesithathu limele indiza yokomoya, yize ngokwamanye amasiko amehlo amathathu akhombisa ukwahlukaniswa kwesikhathi sesithathu: esedlule, esamanje nesizayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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