Cumbia, wakilcin wakilin Colombia

cumbia, kiɗan gargajiya daga Colombia

La Colombian cumbia Yana ɗaya daga cikin alamun asalin ƙasa na Colombia. Wannan nau'ikan kiɗan da raye-raye na gargajiya ya fito ne daga yankin Tekun Caribbean, kodayake sananne ne kuma ana jin daɗin sa a cikin ƙasar.

Hannun farin ciki na cumbia yana nan a duk bikin Colombia, ya zama daidai da ƙungiya.

Asalin cumbia na Colombia

Kamar sauran alamomin al'adun Amurka da yawa, an haifi cumbia daga cakuda al'adu daban-daban. A wannan yanayin, an ƙirƙira aiki tare a cikin ko'ina Tekun Atlantika na Kolombiya, hada abubuwa na kiɗa na yar asalina spanish da kuma na Bakaken Afirka wanda ya zo Amurka a matsayin bayi.

Kodayake akwai mahawara mai zafi game da shi, masana sun yarda da kwanan wata asalin ta a karni na XVIII. Wataƙila karin waƙoƙin 'yan asalin ƙasa sun fi nauyi a cikin kiɗan yayin raye-raye na Afirka ya rinjayi rawar kuma, sama da duka, rawar da tambarin ke nunawa. A gefe guda, harshen waƙar cumbia koyaushe Sifen ne. Sakamakon dukkanin wannan cakuda mai ban mamaki shine sakamakon duk abubuwan da ke sama.

Gabaɗaya an yarda cewa kalmar cumbia daidaitawa ce ta kalmar kumbe o kambi, wanda a cikin wasu yarukan Afirka na iya nufin biki, hayaniya ko da bugawa (asalin asalinsa ba cikakke bane). Dictionary na Royal Spanish Academy ya fassara kalmar cumbia a matsayin "baƙar rawa".

Duk tsawon karnoni, cumbia ta Colombia ya faɗaɗa zuwa sauran ƙasashen Latin Amurka. A yau, ana iya samun sauyin cumbia a cikin ƙasashe masu banbanci kamar Argentina, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay, da Venezuela.

A 2006, mujallar Semana, daga Bogotá ya shirya ƙuri'un da aka zaɓa wanda aka sanya sunan cumbia "Alamar al'adu ta Colombia".

Kayan wasan cumbia na Colombia

Abubuwan kayan aiki na yau da kullun na Colombian cumbia

Kiɗa da kayan kida

da kayan kida Su ne manyan jarumai na Colombia cumbia, kodayake ba su kaɗai ba. A zahiri, yanayin sau uku na wannan kiɗan kuma ana nuna shi a cikin kayan aikin da cumbiamberos ke amfani da su: the wakoki, Taimakon al'adun Afirka, ya kafa babban kari. Ana tallafa musu ta bututu, na asalin Sifen, da gero, kayan gargajiya na asali.

Drums

Su ne babban jigon cumbia. Waɗannan su ne mafi shahararru:

  • Kira ganga, wanda ke nuna alamar asalin ɓangaren kiɗan.
  • Ganga mai farin ciki, wanda ke tsara sautin waƙar.
  • Tambora. Kayan aiki ne na asali (ba na Afirka ba). Ana kunna ta ta hanyar taɓa kai da hannu da kan ƙusoshin katako na sandunan tare da sandunansu.

Bututun buhu

Hakanan akwai manyan nau'ikan guda uku:

  • Bagpipe na Namiji, don nunawa.
  • Bututun mata, don karin waƙa
  • Gajeren jakar roba, ana amfani dashi azaman kayan aikin solo

Millo kara

Wannan kayan iska ne na asalin asalin yan asalin kwatankwacin sarewa. Kamar yadda sunan sa ya nuna, ana yin sa da kara, duk da cewa akwai kuma kashi ko gora. Mai fassarar an san shi da kanamiller.

Sauran kayan aikin da suka halarci cumbia ta Colombia kuma suka ba shi launi sune maracas, da akidar, da gouache da kuma clarinet, da sauransu.

Rigar Colombia's Colombia

Kayan gargajiya irin na Colombia cumbia

Kayan gargajiya irin na Colombia cumbia

Haskakawa da bayyana halin cumbia na Colombia ya ninka lokacin da masu rawa ke sanyawa kayan gargajiya.

La mace sanye da riga mai fadi da siket, wanda kuma ake kira "pollera", an kawata shi da ɗigon ruwa da bolero tare da launukan tutar Colombia a ƙasan. A saman, rigunan rigunan suna da hannayen riga masu kumbura kuma suna barin kafaɗunsu tsirara.

Kwace na mutum ya fi sauki: wando, farar riga da jan gyale (wanda ake kira "wutsiyar zakara") a wuyanta. Sama da kansa, na gargajiya hat ɗin vueltiao irin na yankin bakin teku.

Duk siket din mace da hular namiji abubuwa ne da ake amfani da su a cikin raye-raye daban-daban da kuma tarihin wasan cumbia na Colombia.

Raye-raye da waƙoƙi na cumbia na Colombia

Cumbia ne mai rawar aure gargajiya. Maza da mata sun shiga fagen daga kusurwoyi mabanbanta, sa'annan suka haɗa kai suna rawa a kusa da ƙungiyar makaɗa don bugawa da ganguna. Karin waƙar yana da kayan aiki ne kawai. A cikin video Misali mai kyau an nuna a sama.

Koyaya, akwai nau'ikan raye-raye da raye-raye da yawa na cumbia na Colombia, gami da wasu manyan yankuna daban-daban. Waɗannan sune mafi mashahuri yanayin, kodayake akwai wasu da yawa:

savanna cumbia

Hankula na sassan Sucre, Córdoba da Bolívar. Wannan cumbia an banbanta ta amfani da kayan aiki da ake kira lemun tsami, wanda ke samar da sauti mai laushi.

Cumbiamba

A hankali, wannan bambance-bambancen yana hada ƙarin matakai da rhythms kamar su pasodoble ko tango. A lokacin shahara Carnival na Barranquilla Ana yin rawa a cikin dogon layi biyu, ɗaya na maza ɗayan kuma na mata. Dukansu suna motsawa ta hanyar yin abin da ake kira kumburi.

cumbia vallenata

Babban sanannen kebantaccen tsari shine haɗawar akidar, kayan aikin da aka yi amfani da su a cikin vallenatos. A cikin wannan nau'in cumbia har yanzu akwai nau'ikan iri daban-daban kamar jinkirin da cadenciosa mayan cumbia ko perrillero, wasa tare da doke sauri da yawa.


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  1.   QUILLERO 100% m

    Pa`lante Colombia !!! ♥