Umasipala ombaxa waseVienna

i-vienna metro

Enye yeendlela ezilungileyo zokundwendwela ikomkhulu le Ostriya kwaye ufumane ezona kona zayo zinomdla kukusebenzisa Indlela engaphantsi eVienna (U-Bahn Wien ngesiJamani): Uthungelwano lukaloliwe lwedolophu olungaphezulu kweekhilomitha ezingama-83 ubude ludibanisa umbindi wedolophu nazo zonke iindawo ezibalulekileyo kumacala omabini eDanube.

Okwangoku, iVienna Metro inemigca emihlanu kunye nezikhululo ezingama-98. Iinkonzo zayo zisetyenziswa ngaphezulu kwe- Abakhweli abazizigidi ezingama-450 ngonyaka. Ngamanye amagama: isetyenziswa ngumndilili wabantu abayi-1,2 yezigidi ngosuku.

Imbali yeVienna Metro

Imizila kaloliwe yokuqala edolophini EVienna umhla emva konyaka we-1840. Ekuqaleni kwakumalunga oololiwe abancinci benze ntoni ukhenketho olufutshane ngeendlela zeradial ukusuka embindini wedolophu ukuya ezidolophini nasemaphandleni. Uthungelwano lwalukhula ngokuzinzileyo kwaye ekuqaleni kwenkulungwane yama-XNUMX yayisele ikho ifakwe umbane ngokupheleleyo.

Ukuqhushumisa kwesi sixeko ngexesha leMfazwe yesibini (II) yeHlabathi kuphantse kwatshabalalisa uloliwe kunye neetram. Kwakuphakathi kwiminyaka ye-50 xa ibhunga ledolophu elikomkhulu laseAustria lavuma izicwangciso zokuqala zedolophu entsha yesixeko. Uyilo olutsha luyilelwe, lubizwa Grundnetz okanye uthungelwano olusisiseko. Oku kubandakanya imigca emithathu eyongeze malunga neekhilomitha ezingama-30 zendlela.

Imisebenzi yafikelela esiphelweni ngoFebruwari 25, 1978, ngohambo lwentombi lwe-U1, iindawo ezintlanu zokuma phakathi kweReumannplatz neKarlsplatz. Kuphela yiminyaka embalwa kamva, iVienna Metro yayisele inemigca emine yokusebenza (U1, U2, U4 kunye neLine G, eyayijikeleza ngaphezulu) kunye nezikhululo ezingamashumi amane anesine kwinkonzo.

U-Bahn Wien

Indlela engaphantsi eVienna

Kwisigaba sesibini sokwandiswa, phakathi kowe-1982 ukuya kowama-2000, kwakhiwa imigca emibini emitsha: U3 kunye no-U6, ukongeza ezinye izitishi ezitsha ezingama-38 kuthungelwano kunye nokusebenzela izithili ezitsha zedolophu.

Imigca yeVienna Metro

Okwangoku iVienna Metro inemigca emithandathu ephambili:

  • U1 (umbala obomvu): Oberlaa-Leopoldau 19,2 km.
  • U2 (mfusa): Karlsplatz - Seestadt 16,7 km.
  • U3 (iorenji): I-Ottakring-Simmering 13,5 km.
  • U4 (umgca oluhlaza) Hütteldorf - Heiligenstadt 16,5 km.
  • U6 (umgca omdaka) Siebenhirten - Floridsdorf 17,4 km.

Kubakhenkethi abatyeleleyo, indlela ehamba ngaphantsi komhlaba yindlela elungileyo yokufikelela kwezo ndawo zinomdla zingaphandle kweziko lembali lesixeko. Umzekelo, ukufikelela kwifayile ye- Prater ipaki yokonwabisa kunye nevili layo elidumileyo leplanga leFerris Singasebenzisa umgca we-U2 (ukuma kwePrater-Messe) okanye i-U1 (iProststern stop). Kwelinye icala, i-U4 izakusisa ngqo kulomtsalane Ibhotwe laseSchönbrunn kwaye i-U1 isishiya eSüdtiroler Platz, apho unokufikelela ngokulula khona Ibhotwe laseBelvedere.

Imetro yaseViennese iqhuba yonke imihla ukusuka nge-5 kusasa ukuya kwi-1 kusasa. Oololiwe bahamba yonke imizuzu emi-5 ngamaxesha aqhelekileyo. Ukongeza, kukho inkonzo yeeyure ezingama-24 ngeempelaveki. Itikiti elinye le-metro libiza i-2,20.

Izikhululo eziphambili

Kwizikhululo eziphantse zibe likhulu ezisebenzayo ezineMetro yeVienna, kukho ezinye eziphawuleka ngakumbi ngendawo ezikuyo, izibonelelo zazo zale mihla kunye nobuhle bazo. Ezi zezona ziluncedo kwaye zinomdla kumhambi:

vienna engaphantsi

Karlsplatz

Isikhululo esisembindini kakhulu, ecaleni kwe IVienna Opera kunye necawa ye IKarlskirche. Imigca U1, U2 kunye U4 ziyahlangana kuyo. Yavulwa ngo-1978 ngaphakathi kwesicwangciso seGrundnetz. Iigalari zayo kunye neqonga lendlu liyinto ebalulekileyo yobugcisa. Isikhululo seKarlsplatz sidityaniswe netram yedolophu kunye neebhasi ezisibhozo.

USüdtiroler Platz

Umgca we-U1 unendawo yokumisa kwesi sitishi eqhagamshela ngqo nale intsha Isikhululo esiPhakathi ukusuka eVienna (Wien Hauptbahnhof). EMunich, eAmsterdam naseBrussels, phakathi kwabanye abaninzi.

IBahnhof Meidling

Qhagamshela umgca we-U6 nge Isikhululo sikaloliwe iMeidling, apho oololiwe abaninzi bengingqi bemka baya kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zelizwe. Isikhululo sikwadityaniswe kwimizila emithandathu yetram. Yavulwa ngo-1989 kwisithili se-Mediling, emazantsi e-Old Town yaseVienna.

Umhlaba

Ukubaluleka kwesi sikhululo kuxhomekeke kwinto yokuba ine uqhagamshelo ngqo kwisikhululo seenqwelomoya yesixeko nge CAT (iZithuthi zeSikhululo senqwelomoya kwiSixeko) Imigca ye-U3 kunye ne-U4 idlula kuyo, ikwanokunxibelelana kweetram ezahlukeneyo. Uninzi lwabahambi abatyelela iVienna badlula kwesi sikhululo.

ISchottenstor

Yintoni ebangela ukuba esi sikhululo sibekwe ecaleni komgca we-U2, ngakumbi sinomdla kwindawo ephambili kunye nobukho be iivenkile ezininzi kunye namaziko okuthenga ngaphakathi. Enye yezona zinto ziphila kakhulu kwinethiwekhi yesitishi esingaphantsi komhlaba saseVienna.


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