Nā Panakō kiʻekiʻe ma India

ʻĀpana panakō ʻInia

ʻO ka ʻōnaehana kālā o ka ʻInia Hōʻike ia i nā ʻokoʻa he nui ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka mea i ʻoi aku ma nā ʻāina Komohana. Hoʻololi nui ʻia ka hana kālā e ka Mokuʻāina a puni i nā hui kālā lehulehu. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ʻo nā panakō āpau ma India, me nā panakō pilikino, kaohi ʻia e ka Bank Central o India (RBI) ʻO ia ke kino hoʻomalu nui o ka ʻōnaehana kālā.

Eia naʻe, Ua loli nui ka ʻāpana panakō ʻo India i nā makahiki he iwakālua i hala. Ua hoʻomaka kahi hoʻoponopono nui i 1991 i hoʻopili ʻia me nā kaʻina hana e makemake ai i ka liberalization o ka ʻāpana a me nā privatizations. ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻae ʻia e hoʻokuʻu i nā uku paneʻe, i hiki ke hoʻonohonoho manuahi ʻia e nā mea like ʻole. ʻO ka hopena o kēia mau hoʻoponopono he panorama hoʻokele waiwai hou i ka ʻāina ʻAsia. ʻO kēia ka nā panakō nui ma India:

Kūkulu ʻia ka hui panakō kalepa India ma kahi o ʻelua hui nui:

  • Pahu Kūʻai Kūpono ʻole ʻia, i hana ʻia me nā panakō kalepa ʻaʻole i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia ma lalo o ka Papa ʻElua o ka Reserve Bank of India Act, kahi kānāwai mai ka wā kolone, e like me ka mea i hana ʻia i 1934, akā aia nō i ka mana. I kēia mahele he mau panakō kūloko. Kona palena nui i loko o ka mea panakō nenoaiu i kaupalena 'ia.
  • Hoʻonohonoho ʻia nā panakō kalepa, ʻo ia hoʻi, nā hui panakō i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia ma lalo o ke kānāwai i ʻōlelo ʻia ma luna. Māhele ʻia kēia mau panakō i ʻelua mau ʻāpana ʻē aʻe:
    • Panakō lehulehu.
    • Nā hui kālepa pilikino (nā aupuni a me nā honua)

Panakō lehulehu

ʻO nā panakō ma India i hoʻohui ʻia i loko o ka ʻāpana pilikino i kahi hui heterogeneous kūpono i hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia i ʻekolu mau ākea ākea:

SBI

ʻO Bank Bank of India (SBI) ke alakaʻi lehulehu i ka ʻāina

State Bank of India

ʻO ia ka panakō lehulehu ma India me 80% o nā waihona a ʻo ka mea me ka nui o nā keʻena a me nā lālā i ka ʻāina holoʻokoʻa.

Nā panakō Nationalized

Ua loaʻa kēia mau panakō e ka mokuʻāina ʻo India i kona lā e hoʻopakele iā lākou mai ka panakalupa. Aia ma kahi o 20 mau mea. Ua mālama ʻia ka hapa nui o nā lāhui i ka makahiki 1969. Mai ia manawa mai, ua hoʻomaka ka hana ʻana o nā panakō ma ke ʻano he hui kālā o kahi ʻano kaiaulu, koi ʻia e hoʻolaʻa i kahi o kā lākou kumuwaiwai i nā ʻāpana a ka mokuʻāina i manaʻo ai he mea nui.

Nā panakū kūloko ma nā wahi kaiāulu

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mau panakō e ka Mokuʻāina i ka makahiki 1975 me ka pahuhopu o ke kōkua ʻana i ke komo i ka hōʻaiʻē no nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi. I kēia manawa aia ma kahi o 50 mau mea o kēia ʻano i hoʻolaha ʻia a puni ka ʻāina.

Nā waihona pilikino

I kēia manawa, ma kahi o 20 mau keʻena hōʻaiʻē pilikino me ka kapikala aupuni e hana ana ma India. Ua hoʻokau ʻia nā panakō pilikino ʻInia e nā mokuʻāina i ka hopena o 60, ka mea i hōʻoki i ko lākou ulu. Ma hope wale nō o nā hoʻoponopono 1991 hiki iā lākou ke loaʻa hou ka hiki ke hoʻokūkū me nā panakō lehulehu. Aia ma waena o nā mea nui aʻe kēia mau mea, kahi me ka Bank Bank of India (SBI) i hoʻokumu i ka hui o ka mea i kapa ʻia "Lau Lau" Nā panakō ʻInia: Bank ICICI, Bank Bank National Punjab, Panakō o India y Panakō ʻo Canara.

panakō ma ʻInia

ʻO ka lālā ICICI Bank

Bank Bank ICICI

El ICICI, ʻOihana Hoʻolālā Hoʻolālā Hoʻolālā a me India, ʻo ia ka lua o nā panakō nui ma ʻInia, ʻoi aku ma mua o ʻelua tausani mau lālā i hoʻolaha ʻia a puni ka ʻāina. ʻO ia nō hoʻi ka mea hāʻawi pepa kāleka nui ma India.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ia ma 1954 a hoʻokumu ʻia ma Bombay. Ua lilo ʻo ICICI i kekahi o nā panakō pilikino ʻĀnia nui loa ma hope o kāna hana hoʻohui maikaʻi ʻana me ka Panakō o Rajasthan i ka makahiki 2010.

Ua bapetizo ʻia ʻo ia i kēia manawa i loko o kahi papahana hoʻonui ʻoi loa o ka honua. Aia ʻo ICICI Bank ma nā ʻāina he 17 ma waho o India: Bangladesh, Bahrain, Pelekiuma, Kanada, Kina, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, United States, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Malaysia, United Kingdom, Russia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, South Africa a Tailani.

ʻO Bank Bank National Bank (PNB)

Hoʻokumu ʻia i ka 1894, ka ʻO Bank Bank National Bank (PNB) ʻO ia ke kolu o ka nui ma India. ʻOiai ua hoʻomaka ʻo ia i kāna hana i ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Lahore, aia kona keʻena nui i kēia manawa ʻO New Delhi.

He mau lālā panakō kona i ka United Kingdom, Hong Kong, Dubai a me Kabul (Apekanikana), i hoʻohui ʻia i nā keʻena lunamakaʻāinana i Almaty (Kazakhstan), Dubai, Oslo (Nolewai), a me Shanghai (Kina).

ʻO ke alakaʻi o ke kūʻokoʻa India, ʻo Mahatma Gandhi, hana mau wale me kēia panakō no kāna kuleana pilikino. Hōʻike ʻia ke ʻano aupuni o GNP i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo ia kekahi o nā panakō kahiko loa o ka ʻāina, i hana ʻia me ke kapena aupuni āpau a ke hana nei nō ia.

Bank Bank

Cnara Bank, panakō nui o Bangalore aʻo kekahi o nā mea kahiko o ka ʻāina, ʻo ia ka inoa ʻehā e hoʻopau i ka poker o nā panakō nui o India.

ʻOiai ke hala ʻana o ka manawa a me nā hoʻololi hohonu i ʻike ʻia i ka ʻoihana i nā makahiki i hala iho nei, kūpaʻa ʻo Canara Bank i nā kumumanaʻo i hoʻoikaika i kona hoʻokumu ʻana. Ma waena o lākou, kū i waho nā kumu o ka hoʻopau ʻana i ka haipule a me ka naʻaupō, e hoʻokomo i ka maʻa o ka mālama ʻana a me ka hoʻopukapuka ʻana i kahi ʻāpana o kāna loaʻa kālā i nā papahana kaiaulu.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

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