ʻO ka muliwai ʻo Magdalena ma o ka mōʻaukala ʻo Colombian

Ka muliwai ʻo Magdalena

El Ka muliwai ʻo Magdalena ʻO ia ka aʻa muliwai nui nui i Kolomepia nā mea ʻelua no kona lōʻihi a me kona nui a no kona kaona kaumaha. Ua hānau ʻia ma 3.685 mau mika o ke kiʻekiʻe i ka ʻĀina Wao Ula, hema o ka Puracé Natural National Park ma ka palena ma waena o nā keʻena o Huila a me Cauca. Holo ia i loko o ka wai o ke Kai Caribbean ma hope o kahi huakaʻi lōʻihi o 1.548 mau kilomita e kahe ana mai ka hema a i ke kūkulu ʻākau ma ke awāwa waena o Andes.

Ma loko o kāna papa holo ka kahawai ʻo Magdalena ʻumikūmākahi mau keʻena o Colombia: Magdalena, Atlántico, Bolívar, Cesar, Antioquia, Santander, Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Caldas, Tolima, a me Huila. ʻO kēia kekahi kahi i noho nui ʻia ma ka ʻāina. A ʻo ka mea nui loa mai ke kuanaʻike waiwai.

ʻOiai ʻaʻole ka muliwai lōʻihi loa ma Colombia a i ʻole ka mea mana loa (ʻoi aku ʻo Putumayo i ʻoi aku ma nā ʻano ʻelua), ma kahi ke aʻa nui o ka muliwai nui o ka ʻāina. Pili kēia i ka hapa nui o ka mea hiki ke hoʻokele mai ke kaona o Honda a i kona waha a i ka manawa hoʻi o ke ala nui o kāna mea hāʻawi nui, ke kahawai ʻo Cauca. I ka huina, ma kahi o 990 mau mile.

ʻOi loa i Honda ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Magdalena River, kahi maikaʻi e ʻike ai i nā mea huna a pau o kēia muliwai a me ke koʻikoʻi o ka mōʻaukala.

Nā manawa ma mua o Columbian: ka muliwai laʻa

ʻO nā lāhui ʻōiwi ʻokoʻa i noho i ka panalāʻau Colombian o kēia manawa ma mua o ka hōʻea ʻana o ka poʻe ʻEulopa i manaʻo ʻia ʻo Magdalena a muliwai laʻa.

Ua hoʻomana ʻia kona wai ma ke ʻano he kumu ola. ʻO nā poʻe i noho kokoke i kāna hānau ʻana, kāhea lākou iā ia ʻO Yuma, kahi huaʻōlelo i hiki ke unuhi ʻia ma ke ʻano he "muliwai o ka ʻāina aloha a me nā kuahiwi" a ʻo ia pū kekahi ʻO Caripuaña aiʻole "kahawai nui."

Ma loko o kāna papa i loaʻa ai nā inoa ʻē aʻe e like me ʻO Arli ("Muliwai o ka iʻa"), e pili ana i ka lawaiʻa nui i hāʻawi ʻia e kona wai. Ua ʻike ʻia e kekahi mau lāhui e ʻO Guacahayo ("Ke kahawai o nā lua kupapaʻu"), ʻoiai he mea maʻamau ka hoʻolei ʻana i ka mea i make i loko o kāna wai e hāpai i kā lākou hele i ka honua ʻē aʻe.

ʻO ka muliwai ʻo Magdalena i ka wā o ka noho kolone

ʻO Magdalena River Colombia

ʻIke lewa o ke kahawai o ka muliwai ʻo Magdalena

I ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ke kenekulia XNUMX, ua loaʻa i ka poʻe lanakila Sepania ka muliwai ʻo Magdalena ke ala ʻoi loa e komo ai i loko o ka ʻāina maikaʻi ʻole. He topograpiki paʻakikī a paʻakikī ʻo Colombia.

Kuhi ʻia ka ʻike a nā kolone ʻO Rodrigo de Bastidas i 1501. ʻO ia ka mea nāna i bapetizo i ka muliwai me ka inoa ʻo Rio Grande de la Magdalena, no ka hoʻohanohano ʻana iā Santa María Magdalena. ʻO ia nō ka mea nāna i kapa ka inoa o ka waha ma ke ʻano ʻO Ash Mouths, e ke kala lehu o ka wai o ka muliwai i hoʻokau ʻia me nā sediment ke komo i ke kai.

ʻAʻole hele ka huakaʻi mua e piʻi i ka muliwai a hiki i 1519, me ʻO Jerónimo de Melo i kauoha o ia.

I loko o ka wā holoʻokoʻa o ka noho aliʻi Sepania, ʻo ka muliwai ʻo Magdalena ke ala hoʻokahi kahi i noho ai ke kapena kolona. Santa Fe de Bogota, ua kamaʻilio ʻia me ke kai ʻAkelanika. Malaila ke awa mua o ka moku Amerika. ʻO Cartagena de Indias, no nā makahiki he nui ka pilina nui ma waena o ʻEulopa a me ʻAmelika.

ʻO ka wā Republican a me kēia manawa

La makahiki gula o ka hoʻokele muliwai i ka muliwai ʻo Magdalena kūlike ia me nā makahiki mua o ka noho ʻana o ka Lepupalika ʻo Colombia. Ma hope, me ka ulu ʻana o ka pūnaewele alanui, ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ke alahao a me ka wehe ʻana o ka ʻO Panama Canal i ka makahiki 1914 (he hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū hiki ʻole i ka kamaʻilio ma waena o nā moana ʻelua) ua hōʻole ʻia ka mea nui.

Mai ia manawa a hiki i kēia lā, lehulehu nā waihona, nā poho a me nā mea kanu hana hydroelectric. He 7.200 ka nui o ke kahe o ka muliwai ʻo Magdalena ma kekona.

Ka muliwai ʻo Magdalena

ʻO ka muliwai ʻo Magdalena mai ka maka o Betania Dam

ʻO ka ʻoi aku ka nui o kēia mau waihona hana hana o kēlā ʻO Guájaro, ma waena o nā kūlanakauhale o Barranquilla a me Cartagena, nona ka ʻāpana o 16.000 hectares, ʻoiai ka mea nui e pili ana i ka hana o ka ikehu. ʻO Sogamoso, Aia ma ka Oihana o Santander. ʻO kēia mau hana āpau, ʻoi aku ma mua o iwakālua ma ke kahawai, ua hoʻololi i nā kūlana kahe kūlohelohe.

ʻO nā mea hoʻoweliweli nui e kū nei i ka muliwai ka hoʻolaha mahuka ʻana o nā kauhale kūlanakauhale a me ka hoʻohana ʻole ʻia ʻana o nā kumuwaiwai kūlohelohe. ʻO kēia ke kumu o ka haumia o ka lepo, ka ea a me ka wai. I ka makahiki 1991 ka Ka Hui o ka Rio Grande de la Magdalena (Cormagdalena) e kuhikuhi a hoʻohui i nā kulekele hoʻomohala a me ka pale o ka basin.

I ka hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo, hiki ke hōʻoia ʻia ʻo ke kahawai ʻo Magdalena, me Cauca, ke koʻi nui o ka hoʻomohala waiwai o Colombia. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ʻike nui ʻia kona kūlana ʻāina, kaiapuni, ka moʻomeheu, ka pilikanaka, ka hoʻokele waiwai, ka nohona kanaka, ke kaona a me ka mōʻaukala.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

4 manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1.   kamepiula ia

    he aha nā lapalapa ʻaʻole lākou e kapa inoa i nā dpts 18 e hiki ai

  2.   sedfdgh ia

    inā paha ua hiki

  3.   līlia kulikī ia

    no laila, bakano

  4.   jsaa ia

    ʻO kēlā kasmi e crap iā ia. Pehea ʻoe e ʻumeʻume ai i kou kahawai ponoʻī i kēlā ala? I mea e mālama pono ai, e hele mai kekahi mau mea hala ʻole ʻelua e mālama i kou ʻāina, ʻo Colombia.