Nā ʻĀina o Colombia

Caño de Cristales ma Orinoquia

ʻO Colombia ka lāhui ʻehā e pili ana i ka hoʻonui ma Latin AmericaE hāʻawi iā ʻoe i kahi manaʻo, ma loko o kāna ʻāinapuniʻole ʻelua mau Spains a ma muli o kāna hoʻonui nui ʻana, nui nā wahi o Colombia i hoʻokaʻawale ʻokoʻa.

Hele ka ʻāina i ka mauna mauna Andes a me ka awāwa ʻo Amazon, a ʻo ia wale nō ka ʻāina ma ʻAmelika Hema me nā kahakai ma ka moana Atelanika a me ka Pākīpika. Me ka ʻole o ka manaʻo hou, e aʻo iki ana mākou e pili ana i nā wahi o Colombia a me kā lākou mea kikoʻī.

ʻO nā moku ʻelima o Colombia

ʻO nā wahi nui ʻelima o Colombia keikikāne:

  • ʻO ka ʻĀina Andes
  • Caribbean
  • Ka Pakipika
  • ʻO ka ʻāina ʻo Orinoquía
  • ʻO Amazon.

Hoʻonohonoho politika ʻia kēlā me kēia wahi o Colombia i loko o nā keʻena, a mahele ʻia i nā kūlanakauhale, a he kapena nui kā ka ʻāpana.  I ka huina nui he 32 mau keʻena, kahi e kūkulu ai iā Colombia. Hāʻawi wau iā ʻoe i kekahi mau kikoʻī e pili ana i kēlā me kēia wahi a me kā lākou ʻoihana.

ʻĀina ʻo Andean, a i ʻole ka huinakolu gula

ʻO Catatumbo

Pehea ʻoe e hiki ai kuhi i ka ʻāina Andes e hoʻomalu ʻia e ka pae mauna ʻo Andes, ʻo ia ka mea nui i ka ʻāina, a ma loko o laila nā kūlanakauhale nui loa.: ʻO Bogotá, Medellín a me Cali, no laila ʻike ʻia ʻo ia ka triangle gula. ʻO ia nō kahi o nā paka nui o ka ʻāina.

E helu wau i nā keʻena o kēia māhele me kā lākou poʻo poʻo i loko o nā pale.

  • ʻO Antioquia (Medellín, ke kūlanakauhale o ka wā mau ʻole)
  • Boyacá (Tunja), Caldas (Manizales, ma ka puʻuwai o ka moku kope)
  • ʻO Cundinamarca (Bogotá, kapikala o ka ʻāina)
  • Huila (Neiva)
  • North o Santander (Cúcuta, palena me Venezuela)
  • ʻO Quindío (Armenia)
  • Risaralda (Pereira)
  • Santander (Bucaramanga)
  • Tolima (Ibague)

Moku ʻo Caribbean, kahi e lilo ai ka nani loa i mea nui

Caribbean

ʻO ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau o Colombia kahi i ʻauʻau ʻia e ke kai Caribbean, a ma loko o laila kekahi o nā kahakai one keʻokeʻo kaulana loa, a ʻo kahi a lākou e ʻōlelo nei he kūlanakauhale nani loa ia o nā mea āpau: Cartagena de Indias, Ua wehewehe ʻo UNESCO iā ia ma ke kūlanakauhale nani loa ma Latin America ... ʻAʻole wau ka mea e haʻi ʻē aʻe. Ma kēia māhele hiki iā mākou ke loaʻa nā archipelagos o San Andrés a me Providencia. ʻIke, hiki iā ʻoe ke kipa aku iā Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, ka mauna kahakai kiʻekiʻe loa i ka honua i loaʻa ke ʻano ka hōʻoluʻolu colombian.

Ma hope o ka laina like, kikoʻī wau i nā keʻena i hana i ka moku Caribbean me kā lākou poʻo nui:

  • ʻAkelanika (Barranquilla)
  • Bolivar (Cartagena de Indias)
  • ʻO Cesar (Valledupar)
  • Cordoba (Montería)
  • ʻO La Guajira (Riohacha), Magdalena (Santa Marta)
  • San Andrés, Providencia a me Santa Catalina (San Andrés)

ʻO ka Pākīpika, kaʻokoʻa nui loa

ʻO ka Pākīpika Colombian kekahi o nā ʻāpana o Colombia e hāʻawi nei i ka ʻokoʻa nui loa o ka honua, me kekahi o nā helu kiʻekiʻe loa o nā laha i kēlā me kēia mika mika. ʻO ka ʻāina kahi home o nā pā kūlohelohe ʻehiku, kahi laʻa pua a me nā holoholona, ​​ma ka mokupuni ʻo Malpelo, a me he mea lā ʻaʻole lawa kēlā aia nā ʻike kohola humpback, ma waena o Iulai a Nowemapa, hiki iā ʻoe ke noʻonoʻo. Noho ka hapanui o nā mamo a Colombian Afro i kāna panalāʻau.

ʻO nā keʻena o ka Pacific Pacific:

  • ʻO Choco (Quibdó)
  • Ke awāwa ʻo Cauca (Cali)
  • Cauca (Popayan)
  • Nariño (Pasture)

ʻO La Orinoquía, kahi palena ʻole o ka pae

ʻO ka Orinoquía kahi o nā pā hikina, noho ia a puni ka muliwai ʻo Orinoco. Aia ia ma kēia wahi kahi o ka kilomika zero o Colombia, kona kikowaena kikowaena, ma Puerto López.  Ma ka Sierra de la Macarena ʻike ʻoe iā Caño Cristales, ka mea a lākou i kapa ai ka muliwai o nā akua a i ʻole nā ​​kala ʻelima, no ka mea mahalo i nā mea kanu wai i loko o laila he mau wahi like ʻole ke kala, kahi e hoʻohua ai i ka naʻau mua o ke ānuenue i hoʻoheheʻe ʻia.

ʻO nā keʻena o kēia māhele ʻo:

  • Pahuhopu (Villavicencio)
  • Vichada (Puerto Carreno)
  • ʻO Casanare (Yopal)
  • Arauca (Arauca)

ʻO ka Amazon, ka ulu lāʻau maʻemaʻe me nā hoihoi he nui loa

Amazonia

ʻO ka mea hope loa, aia nō nā keʻena o ka moku ʻo Amazon, nā mea maʻa mau:

  • Amazon (Leticia)
  • ʻO Caquetá (Florence)
  • ʻO Guainía (Puerto Inírida)
  • ʻO Guaviare (San José)
  • Putumayo (Mocoa)
  • Vaupé (Mitu)

Akā ʻo kekahi mau kaona ma nā keʻena ʻo Nariño, Cauca, Meta a me Vichada i manaʻo ʻia hoʻi, kahi pili i ka ʻĀpana Orioquía.

ʻO kēia ʻāpana, ʻo ia ka nui loa i ka moku āpau, ʻoiai ʻo ia e komo i ka ulu lāʻau ʻo Amazon, ʻo ia ka wahi liʻiliʻi o ka poʻe, no ka mea ʻo ia ka ulu lāʻau nui loa. Minamina, ʻo ka hapa nui o nā hana hoʻokele waiwai i kēia lā e hana nei ma ka Amazon ʻaʻole mālama i ka launa me ka ʻāina a i ʻole me nā kamaʻāina maoli.

E like me kāu e ʻike ai, he ʻano ʻokoʻa loa ʻo Colombia, a hoʻomanaʻo he lāhui lāhui like ʻole ia me 84 mau lāhui ʻōiwi i ʻike ʻia, 60 mau ʻōlelo ʻōiwi, a me kahi heluna poʻe Afro, ʻo ia ka hapa liʻiliʻi, ua ʻoi aku i ka 10% o ka nui o ka heluna kanaka.

Nā panalāʻau ʻōiwi o loko o nā keʻena

ʻO nā ʻōiwi ma Colombia

Ua haʻi aku wau iā ʻoe ʻo ia nā wahi o Colombia, me nā keʻena a me ko lākou poʻo nui, aia pū kekahi ʻae no nā ʻāina ʻōiwi mai ke Kumukanawai 1991.

ʻO kēia mau ʻāina ʻōiwi i Colombia hana ʻia e ka ʻaelike like ma waena o ke aupuni a me nā kaiāulu ʻōiwi. Inā uhi kēia mau ʻoihana ma mua o hoʻokahi a i ʻole kaona, hoʻokele pū nā aupuni kūloko iā lākou me nā ʻaha kūkā ʻōiwi. Hoʻohui ʻia, hiki i kēia mau ʻāina ʻōiwi ke lilo i ʻāpana teritori inā kū lākou i kekahi mau koi. Uhi ka panalāʻau ʻōiwi i kahi ʻaneʻane kokoke i 31.000 hectares, a loaʻa nui i nā keʻena o Amazonas, Cauca, La Guajira, Guaviare a me Vaupés.

ʻO ka hoʻonohonoho politika o nā keʻena

Ke hoʻomau nei me ka ʻoihana politika teritori ʻo Colombian, maikaʻi ia e ʻike ai ʻoe i kēlā He ʻaha hui nui ko kēlā me kēia me kēia ʻāpana, ma waena o 11 a me 50 mau lunamakaʻāinana, i koho balota ʻia i kēlā me kēia makahiki 4, me ka mana kūʻokoʻa a me kāna waihona ponoʻī. Ua koho pololei ʻia ke kiaʻāina a kiaʻāina paha i ke aupuni kemokalaka, nā poʻe Colombian āpau ma mua o 18 mau makahiki, nā kamaʻāina o ke keʻena, ʻoiai inā hānau ʻia lākou i kahi ʻē aʻe, me kahi kāleka kamaʻāina a hiki ke koho balota. ʻAʻole hiki i ke kiaʻāina ke kū no ka koho hou.

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻonohonoho pono iā ʻoe iho ma ka palapala politika a me ka palapala ʻāina o Colombia, kahi ʻāina nani e like me nā ʻano like ʻole a mākou e manaʻo ai ua aʻo aku mākou iā ʻoe i nā mea he nui e pili ana i Nā ʻĀina o Colombia.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.