ʻO ka moʻaukala kokoleka Swiss

Kokoleka Swiss

ʻOiai ʻO Switzerland kahi ʻāina alpine liʻiliʻi me ke aniau ahonui, me ka ʻole o ke aniau tropical a i ʻole ka moʻomeheu kolone ... No ke aha he mea kaulana a waiwai nui ʻia ka kokoleka Swiss? I kēia pou e wehewehe mākou i kona mōʻaukala a pehea i lilo ai kēia huahana i hoʻokahi o nā gastronomic nui loa o ka ʻāina.

I kēia manawa, ma Switzerland he 18 mau hui i hoʻolaʻa ʻia i ka ʻoihana kokoleka. Hoʻohana kēia mau ʻoihana ma kahi o 4.400 mau limahana a me nā invoice ma mua o 1.600 miliona Swiss francs i ka makahiki (ma kahi o 1.500 miliona euro).

ʻIke ākea ʻo Switzerland no kāna maikaʻi a puni ka honua, akā ma loko o kona mau palena ponoʻī. Pau ka Swiss ma mua o ka hapalua o nā kokoleka i hana ʻia i ko lākou ʻāina: 11,9 mau kilika ma kēlā me kēia capita ma ka awelika e like me nā noiʻi hou loa, kahi kiʻi e hoʻonoho iā lākou i mua o nā ʻāina aloha kokoleka e like me Kelemania a i ʻole United Kingdom.

Akā ʻo ke kokoleka kekahi kiʻi o ko ʻInikia kūlana, ʻaneʻane ma ka pae like me nā uaki cuckoo, nā pahi kaua Swiss a i ʻole ka hūnā pilikino.

Ka hōʻea ʻana mai o nā kokoleka i nā ʻāina Kuikilana

El kapi (xocolatl i ka ʻōlelo Nahuatl) i hele mai i ʻEulopa mai ka lima o ka Paniolo i ke kenekulia XNUMX. Ua lilo a kaulana kēia huahana mea ʻono ma waena o ka pae ʻāina kahiko a hoʻopau i ka naʻi ʻana i nā pā o nā mea laki i hiki ke loaʻa iā ia. ʻAʻole no ka mea ʻole ia kumu a huahana momona loaʻa wale i nā aristocrats a me nā ʻohana waiwai.

Zürich Kuikilana

ʻO Zürich, ke kūlanakauhale mua ma Kuikilana i ʻono kokoleka

ʻO ka pīhoihoi, ua lohi loa ka hōʻea ʻana mai o nā kokoleka i Kuikilana. ʻO ia i ka makahiki 1679 i ka wā a ka meia o Zürich, ʻO Henri Escher, ʻono i kāna kīʻaha kokoleka wela me ka ʻoliʻoli ma Palukela a hoʻoholo e hoʻolilo i ka meaʻai i Switzerland.

Ma ka hapalua kenekulia ma hope mai, ua hoʻoholo ka mana hoʻomana Protestant o Zürich i kāna kapu, e noʻonoʻo ana i ka kokoleka kahi huahana aphrodisiac a me nā lawehala. Ua ukali nā kūlanakauhale ʻo Switzerland ʻē aʻe, akā ua lohi. Ua ʻike a hoʻomana ka poʻe i ka kokoleka, kahi i komo hewa ʻole i nā kūlanakauhale a hoʻopau ʻia me ka clandestinely.

ʻO ka mea hope loa, ua lanakila ka noʻonoʻo a ua ʻae hou nā kūlanakauhale o ka Helvetic Confederation i ke kālepa a me ka ʻai ʻana o ka koko i loko o ka XNUMX kenekulia. Na nā mea kālepa Italia i alakaʻi i ka hoʻolauna ʻana mai o kokoleka i ka ʻāina, ʻaʻole me ka ʻole o ke alo ʻana i kekahi mau pilikia.

ʻO ka hale kūʻai mua i hoʻolaʻa ʻia no ke kūʻai aku ʻana mai o kokoleka Swiss wehe i kona mau puka i loko Bern i ka makahiki 1792.

ʻO ka kuʻuna kokoleka Swiss

I ke kenekulia XNUMX, ua aʻo mua nā kuke kope Swiss i nā mea huna a pau o ka cioccolatieri Ua hoʻomaka ka poʻe Italia i ka ʻaʻa e hana i kā lākou iho hana.

Nā haku nui

ʻO kahi laʻana, i ka makahiki 1826 ʻO Philippe Suchard hana i ka mea wili palaoa i loko o kāna hale palaoa ma Neuchâtel, a puni ka manawa like ʻO Charles-Amédée Kohler hana i ka kokoleka hazelnut. I ka 1875 ʻO Henri Nestle y ʻO Daniel peter hoʻomohala ʻia ma ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Vevey ka meaʻai no ka kokoleka waiū. I kekahi mau makahiki ma hope, ʻO Rodolphe Lindt hana i kahi kneader kūikawā e kiʻi i ka kokoleka maikaʻi mahele heheʻe i ka kāheaʻia heʻe nalu. Hānau ʻia ka kuʻuna kokoleka Swiss.

pāpale kokoleka

ʻO Switzerland ka alakaʻi nui o ka kokoleka i ka honua

I ka hoʻomaka o ke kenekulia XNUMX, i ka canton o Graubünden, ka nā hoahānau josty Ua holo lākou i kahi hale kūʻai pā kaulana i lilo i wahi hālāwai no ka poʻe noʻeau, nā luna politika, nā mea pena kiʻi a me nā mea kākau.

He mau makahiki i hala aku nei, ʻo kekahi mau kaikunāne mai Graubünden, ka nā hoahānau coletta, ua hana lākou i ka pīhoihoi o ka hana ʻana i ka wehe ʻana i kahi hale kokoleka ma Copenhagen. Ua kūleʻa ka kūleʻa o kēlā manaʻo a koke koke kāna ʻoihana i Suedena a me Nolewai.

ʻO ka "lanakila ʻana ʻo Scandinavian" o ka kokoleka Swiss he inoa koʻikoʻi kekahi. Karl Fazer, kahi mea kuke kuke nāna i ka hopena o ke kenekulia XNUMX i lilo i hoʻokahi o nā mea hana nui loa o nā mea kokoleka ma Finelani. I kēia manawa, ka mana kaulana ʻO Coletta-Fazer lanakila ʻo ia ma ka mākeke Scandinavian a kaulana pū ʻia ma Russia, Polani a me nā ʻāina ʻo Baletika.

Kokoleka Swiss

Ua hoʻopau ʻo Rodolphe Lindt i ke ʻano o mahele heheʻe i ka.

ʻO ka ʻoihana kokoleka Swiss

I ka makahiki 1901, ua hui pū nā mea hana kokoleka Swiss e hana i ka Uniona libre des fabricants suisses de chocolat. I ka makahiki 1916 hānau ʻia kekahi hui nui: ka ʻO Chambre Syndicale des fabricants suisses de chocolat, kēlā mau makahiki i hala aku kona inoa e ka o ʻO Chocosuisse. ʻO kāna mau hana e hōʻoia nei i ka maikaʻi o ka kokoleka Swiss a hōʻoia i kahi kulekele kumu kūʻai kūlike.

A hiki i ke Kaua Honua Mua, ua hoʻonohonoho nui ʻia ka ʻoihana kokoleka Swiss. I ka makahiki 1918, ua hana ʻia ka hapalua o ke kokoleka o ka honua i Kuikilana. Ma hope, ua ulu nui ka noi no ka huahana i loko o ka ʻāina ponoʻī (ua ʻōlelo mua mākou he niho ʻono ko ka Swiss).

No laila Nā kokoleka haku Swiss, ka mea i kū kū i ka mōʻaukala no kā lākou hana hou a me ka hiki ke hoʻololi ʻia, ʻokoʻa i kā lākou hāʻawi a ke hana nei i nā ʻano kokoleka he nui e hōʻoluʻolu i nā mea kūʻai aku a puni ka honua.

I kēia lā nā lama kokoleka swiss lanakila lākou i ka mākeke honua, e hoʻopiha nei i ko mākou ola me ka hauʻoli a me ka momona.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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